Erich Fromm writes that revenge can be differentiated from normal defensive aggression in two ways – first, it occurs after the damage has been done, and hence is not a defence against threat, but of a much greater intensity; and second, it is often cruel, lustful and insatiable, where the problem of vengeance is a social problem that must be resolved in the complex interaction between the victim, the perpetrator and the social group . Therefore the revenge of the Illuminati is an example of justice going awry and taking over when society’s institutions fail. Because when justice is not forthcoming from a higher authority, people will and do take justice into their own hands. Acts of vengeance are the result. Punishment through retaliation is the typical response to breaking the rules of justice.
This is evident in the Seneca’s Oedipus as Oedipus does not realise he is the perpetrator of the crime. We get a sense of irony as Oedipus is able to solve the sphinx but not understand who he is. Furthermore, he wants to solve the case of who murdered King Liaus so that the plague of Thebes can end. However, because of Oedipus’ unawareness, we sympathise with the king as he shows true signs of guilt and remorse for his actions. In relation to Shakespeare’s Richard III, it is clear that Richard is the anti hero.
The emotional aftermath of carrying out an immoral deed is a contributing factor to why retribution should be left up to justice or a higher power. Laertes is an additional great example of vendetta over the loss of a loved one. He loses both his sister AND his father to Hamlet’s rampage which expectedly infuriates him. “And so I have a father lost; and a sister driven to desperate terms… but my revenge will come.”. Laertes comes home to the destruction of his family and immediately begins plotting with Claudius to kill Hamlet.
Although Brutus justified the killing of Caesar to the citizens of Rome, it seems as if he was not able to justify it to himself. As a result the ghost of Caesar was not the revival of Caesars spirit but rather it was physical manifestation of Brutus' guilty conscience. The death of Portia seemed to have a profound effect on Brutus as well, this can be clearly recognized as Brutus was visibly sadder after hearing of his wife's death. This sadness could be attributed to the fact Brutus thinks that he himself is responsible for Portia's death. It was revealed in the story that She killed herself because she was worried about Brutus absences and that Octavius and Mark Antony had made themselves to strong.
Caesar’s scornful behavior towards the soothsayer illustrates his arrogance. Later, in Act 2, Calpurnia pleads Caesar to stay home because she realizes that all the omens are pointing to Caesar’s death. Despite her plea, Caesar insists “Caesar shall forth: the things that threaten’d me ne’er look’d but on my back; when they shall see the face of Caesar, they are vanished” (2.2.15-17). These incidents show that Caesar’s pride blinds his ability to see his tragic end. Moreover, Caesar ignores his own feeling of uneasiness towards Cassius for the sake of his pride.
Vengeance is an extremely popular emotion in today 's life whether it is terrorism or a dispute between family and friends. Revenge can be a horrible emotion; it can sometimes lead people to do horrible things. By definition, Revenge means to get retribution for a wrongdoing done to you. In my opinion, revenge is mostly caused by fear and the overwhelming feeling of payback Throughout history, revenge, or vengeance, has been altered by several cultures and religions, and even the American culture. Though it often leads one to perform criminal acts, Howard argues that it is a necessary component in the functioning of society.
Eventually, he ended up completely disgracing Hector’s dead body in front of all of Troy, tying him up to a chariot and dragging him around, being “defiled in his own native land” (Iliad, Book 22, 449). His only redemption after this section is the fact that he allowed Hector’s parents to give him money in exchange for their son’s corpse so that he could be properly buried and sent off to Hades. All of this violence, especially the parts towards the already dead person, was not even acceptable towards the Greek. The comparison would be that with this level of brutality, most modern-day people would view Achilles more as a villain than a hero after this. His actions here provide no redemption in modern
We have been taught that to hate is wrong, and revenge can have a strong relation to hatefulness. Revenge is a root of evil of someone that feels that they have been wronged. Throughout the novel it gives multiple examples of the toll it has on people 's emotional and physical being. For instance, murder would be an example of a dark, uncharastic type of revenge, Murder, for example, is a strong element in this novel, begging readers to pursue the ethics and myriad questions behind the action. Is there such a thing as a "philosophy of murder" or a rationale behind murder?