Midterm Study Guide 60 Multiple Choice Questions // 10% of Grade Unit 1 - Historical Thinking Skills and Documents Vocabulary Primary source - Source from a first hand account Secondary source - Comes from a primary source Declaration of Independence - document declaring independence from britain Enlightenment thinkers - People like john locke, montesquieu, etc John Locke - Separation of powers, no cruel and unusual punishment, etc Thomas Jefferson - Thomas Jefferson was an American statesman, one of the Founding Fathers of the United States and the principal author of the Declaration of Independence Natural Rights/Inalienable Rights - Rights guaranteed by god Social Contract - People exchange some of their rights in exchange for protection
Prior to the events of The Enlightenment, The Scientific Revolution occured. This is a time in which the authority of the church is challenged and long and old traditional ideas about god are challenged by science. This led into the French Revolution because if you can challenge god you are able to challenge monarchs. The French took away power from the monarchs and put more power into the people. However this
The theme of science is illuminated by the notion of electricity and "[its] potential to reanimate corpses" (Brown "The Science"). The theme of religion is connected to religious books, philosophies, and actions. One prominent conflict between the themes revolves around Victor Frankenstein's idea of creating life. Throughout most of his career, Frankenstein was involved with the sciences and gained a great interest in the "human frame" (30) and "the physical secrets of the world" (19). He started an experiment for the sake of science, but saw it as a "[success] in discovering the cause of generation and life" (31).
The Great Awakening refer to several periods of dramatic religious revival in Anglo-American religious history. They have also been described as periodic revolutions in American religious thought. The Age of Enlightenment refers to either the eighteenth century in European philosophy, or the longer period including the seventeenth century and the Age of Reason. I would have to go with the Enlightenment because it is the basis of our political culture and it led to the Great Awakening, which is the basis of our spiritual culture.
The group struggles to realize the matter of Dracula’s powers because they were being clouded by the era of science. It is only until Van Helsing brings together the ideology of the scientific West and the supernatural East that the group is able to overcome Dracula’s powers and defeat him, which portrays
Nineteen Eighty-Four uses these characteristics in its description of life before and after Big Brother. The party is described as revolutionary however, Winston (the main character) suspects that the parties rule is doing more harm than it is good. Big Brother is viewed as more of a God than an actual person creating these myths and rituals that generally embody these totalitarian leaders (Orwell). For example, Hitler took this idea and created a ritual of people having to salute him in order to show respect. Orwell took this idea to an extreme by saying that, “Big Brother is always watching you,” (Orwell 3).
“The Enlightenment is the period in the history of western thought and culture… characterized by dramatic revolutions in science, philosophy, society and politics; these revolutions swept away the medieval world-view and ushered in our modern western world” (Bristow). The Enlightenment is also referred to as The Age of Reason because its philosophies were mostly based on logic and reason. One important figure who introduced the Enlightenment to America was Benjamin Franklin. “Many of Franklin’s satires work through logic of inversion, taking an established idea and exposing the assumptions that implicitly frame it by demonstrating how it might appear from a reverse perspective” (Giles 48-49). A simpler way of stating how Franklin uses satire is as placing “the
The Enlightenment began in Europe during the late 1600’s after the restore from the dark ages. This was a time of reason when philosophers gathered in salons to discuss ways of learning and challenging new ideas. Philosophers, like Voltaire,created the idea of freedom of speech and Baron de Montesquieu developed the idea of separation of powers in governments. It was the philosophers goals to improve to society by creating new concepts and solutions to solve problems and influence future generations. John Locke introduced the Idea of “Natural Rights”, giving everyone life.
The Age of Enlightenment was a period of time when a movement of intellectuals strove to create tolerance of religion, separation of state and church, as well as removing complete power of the monarch. The Glorious Revolution of 1688, followed many Enlightenment principles. The cause of this revolution was the people’s displeasure with the Catholic king, James II, in hopes of turning the country to Protestantism, William of Orange, the king of Holland, and his wife Mary II, James oldest child. This quick and almost bloodless revolution put William of Orange of the English throne, gaining Protestants religious freedom, but suppressed the freedoms of Catholics. Although the Glorious Revolution was fueled in part by religious intolerance, ultimately the Glorious Revolution was a direct outcome of the Age of Enlightenment.
Firstly, in the beginning the government was able to control everyone, but after the Enlightenment, people started to question things. Because of this, the Enlightenment encouraged people to challenge the authority, and think upon reasoning/logic. The word/phrase "common sense" was an Enlightenment idea, which inspired a man named Thomas Paine, during the Rev War. The Declaration of Independence was based on Enlightenment ideas, which were presented by John Locke. The Enlightenment supported ideals including: liberty, democracy, individualism, religious tolerance, and
The Baroque was an era of great changes in religion, politics, science, and economics. The Baroque Era began with the Counter-Reformation and ended with two types of revolutions, political and industrial, that changed the world. The baroque was also a period of scientific innovation led by the discoveries of Descartes and Galileo. Science was no longer based on Greek ideals or religious dogma but on reason and empirical laws.
The Enlightenment was a movement that shunned superstition and was more in favor with a scientific explanation of the world. The Enlightenment was also known as the Age of Reason or Age of Enlightenment. It started in Europe and America around the 17th and 18th centuries. The Enlightenment was about people who used their critical thinking skills to argue knowledge, education, politics, religion, and art. The enlightenment produced an increased number of inventions, books, scientific findings, political laws, and revolutions.
“The most perfect education, in my opinion,is…to enable the individual to attain such habits of virtue as well render [her] independent” (Doc D). The Enlightenment was a time period from the early 17th century to the late 18th century. There were many philosophers who contributed to making The Enlightenment. John Locke was a man who wanted freedom of government during 1690 (17th century) in England. He wanted this because he believed everyone was born with natural rights and the government should respect them and whoever didn’t, the people would have the right to impeach them.
Enlightenment was a time period that revolved around philosophy, science, and society, and is less focused on religion. Enlightenment includes a concept proposed by the philosopher John Locke that all humans, when they are born, are entitled to basic human rights. The Enlightenment also includes the thought that things in the universe are constant, leading away from such a strong reliance on God. The concept of Enlightenment inspired many proceeding declarations, including the USA’s declaration because it encouraged equality to all men. John Locke was an Enlightenment thinker who proposed that as humans, we are entitled to basic rights and that when we are born we are blank canvases and are thereafter altered by our surroundings.