However if the ruler did not comply with the needs of the people, Locke believed that the public had the justified right to rebel. Ultimately, Locke had a great influence in the American Constitution with the message within his philosophies on human rights and government. Baron de Montesquieu's • Montesquieu’s introduced the separation of
Locke wants people to stand up for the rights that they deserved. Jefferson wanted to create a government contract for the people, which would allow for them to become an independent nation. Locke’s declaration creates revolts and made the American people start thinking about what they wanted for themselves. His declaration caused damage to the great nation until Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence which united the people. The social contract in John Locke’s declaration is the State of Nature.
It is understood that John Locke played a key role of influence on Thomas Jefferson. This influence can be seen through Jefferson’s writing on the nation’s founding document. This document is called the Declaration of Independence. John Locke, the English Enlightenment philosopher wrote his Two Treatises of Government to refute the belief that kings ruled by divine right and to support the Glorious Revolution of 1688 (Doc 1). This piece of political philosophy provided many explanations for the people’s rights and obligations to overthrow a corrupt government.
The Enlightenment and the Great Awakening periods in American history contributed not only to the Revolutionary War, but also shaping America into its present day self. The Enlightenment period brought a sense of self-awareness; science was now applied to all aspects of life (religion, politics, trade, and life itself). Intellectuals began questioning what gives or allows a person the right to govern - as illustrated in Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s book The Social Contract (1762). Rousseau’s contention was that individuals had “natural rights” to life, liberty, and property that rulers could not deny (Schultz, 2013 p. 69). The Enlightenment also spurred a reformation in education; the days of religious based curricula were being challenged, philosophy and the concept of reasoning were introduced.
John Locke DBQ When reading the Declaration of Independence it is apparent that Thomas Jefferson drew inspiration from John Locke’s Two Treatises on Government. This inspiration is apparent from the way Jefferson drafted our nation’s founding document. John Locke’s Two Treatises on Government heavily influenced Thomas Jefferson’s rationale for the propriety of America’s separation from England. In John Locke’s writing the Two Treatises on Government he brings up the point that the “legislative acts against the trust reposed in them when they endeavor to invade the property of the subject” (Locke ¶ 2). When John Locke mentions this he is referring to any area of government that decides to take up residence in any civilian's home and/or property.
John Locke was a philosopher and political scientist. He had many interests and produced a number of writings that influenced future leaders. One of these leaders was Thomas Jefferson, who was involved with the aid of America and the act gaining independence from Britain. The Declaration of Independence and Locke’s views on government contain many similar aspects. These ideas includes the right to life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness (natural rights); the protection that is provided by the government for these rights; and the altering or abolishment of government if it fails to provide and protect the rights of the people.
John Locke believed this as well, that the citizens should be able to change the government if needed. However, this also showed what Thomas Jefferson was going through. He was not only founding a government, but he was rebelling against one. He disliked the idea of monarchy, and giving total control to the government. This further shows that John Locke had an influence on Pres.
He also contributed in the separation of powers which was multiple branches and check and balances which each branch has certain rights. Adam Smith believed the government had three purposes which were the police to defend injustice, the army to protect people, and public works such as roads. Jean-Jacques Rousseau created the Social Contract which was the idea society is controlled by the general will. Thomas Paine wanted the colonies to become not so dependent and commanded for common sense. America has every right because of the
Professor Atkins Mid-term Exam What was the Progressive movement? Explain some Progressive policies and ideals while also discussing some of the leaders of the Progressive movement and their role in American society. With in the last quarter of the 18th century to the middle of the 19th century industrial growth spurred both positive and negatives with in American society. In an effort to cure society of these wrong doings, a movement took place which became a period of widespread social activism and political reform known as the Progressive movement. Many goals of this movement included reforming government and the acts in which they performed.
There were many philosophers in the 17th and 18th century that influenced and inspired the founders of our country. For instance, John Locke believed that life, liberty, and property should be our natural rights as humans and if the government could not secure these rights then the people could get rid of them. That idea impacted Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence. This was the perfect time to develop different theories and contradictions because this was right around the time of the printing press and protestant reformation where people started to question the catholic church. Other philosophers like Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Rousseau impacted founders like George Washington and James Madison who have positively affected this country in many different ways.
After the Revolutionary War, the rewriting and ratification of the Constitution, and the inauguration of George Washington as president, the nation still had many political issues to deal with, however different groups in the government had very different opinions and strategies about how to solve them and how the new government should be run. This lead to the development of political parties. The two first parties were the Federalists and the Democrat-Republicans. One way the original political parties in America differed was their thoughts on whether or not our government should be “ruled by the wealthy class” versus “ruled by the people”. The Federalists party, founded by Alexander Hamilton, believed that the government should be ruled by the wealthy.