Henry Purcell’s The Fairy Queen: A Case Study The evolution of music can be viewed as a linear timeline of key, innovative composers who have far-reaching influences upon the musical continuum and perhaps epitomises the societal views which are relevant to their time period through their canonical pieces. As a result, in order to conduct a case study into any piece of music one must first realise said piece in regards to the concurrent political climate. Between 1642 and 1651 England was characterised by turmoil through civil war, which was essentially caused over the conduct of British government. This war was between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists, with the Parliamentarians being the victor. This resulted in both the beheading of King Charles I and the exile of his son, who chose to live his exile in France and who would later return to England and be known as King Charles II. Additionally, the English Commonwealth arose to this end. …show more content…
Following Charles II’s coronation, there was an artistic renaissance in England with a preference for “scenery to poetic illusion, heroic couplets to blank verse… They demanded music, dancing and masques in the latest French styles.” To this end, The Fairy Queen was created, a semi-opera with “singing, dancing and machines interwoven, after the manner of an opera.” To clarify, a ‘semi-opera’ is a term which was used to apply to Restoration pieces which combined spoken plays with masque-esque episodes which employed the use of singing and dancing characters. When music occured in these masques, it was typically following either a love scene or that of the supernatural. The first examples were the Shakespeare adaptations which were produced by Thomas Betterman with music written by Matthew Locke. Following Matthew Locke’s death a second flowering produced the semi-operas of Henry Purcell, notably King Arthur and The Fairy
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In today 's society a “fairy” is thought of as a tiny, sweet, playful person with wings and magical dust. This was not the idea of a fairy for people in Elizabethan England. A fairy in that time was a “..life-sized creature, fiendish and malicious..” There wasn 't only one model of a fairy: there was the mermaid who would send sailors to their deaths; giants and hags; fairy aristocrats who spend their time dancing, hunting and feasting; and the ordinary goblin. The main concern of a fairy is the workings of the household.
How did the actions of Charles I spark the English Civil War When Charles I inherited the throne from his James I, parliament and the king of England had a hostile relationship. James I had imposed higher taxes and conducted business deals with other countries, such as Spain, in order to increase revenue for England without consulting parliament, creating animosity between the two. When Charles succeeded James for the throne, he intensified the tension between parliament and the king as he believed the king was tantamount to God. Parliament therefore decided to lower the kings funds, forcing him to further raise taxes and enforce draconian laws for people who didn’t pay. People who refused to give loans to Charles had soldiers forced into
‘Ozymandias’ and ‘My Last Duchess’ are both poems about the pride of men and how it always leads to ruin. ‘Ozymandias’ looks at the pride of men as opposed to Nature, and declares it a foolish notion, mocking humanity as whole. ‘My Last Duchess’ looks at the pride of men in contrast to emotions and portrays it as a dangerous force, describing pride as an insinuating sickness of the mind. The initial imagery in ‘Ozymandias’ emphasizes the broken remnants of the monument as the aftereffects of pride.
Charles II was a constitutional monarchy of England in 1661. Charles was only about 12 years of age when the Civil War began; surprisingly two years afterwards he was given the honor to be appointed as the nominal commander-in-chief in western England. A civil war burst violently between Parliament and Charles I, for his presumptuous claim of divine right to rule. However due to the unexpected parliamentary victory, prince Charles II was immediately forced into exile.
Due to all this, the country split into two factions and civil war ensued. These trying times brought along the Irish opposition, who tried to seize the English government. Charles was eventually put on trial and charged with multiple counts of treason punishable by death and was later executed. Charles I, son of James VI of Scotland was born in 1600 A.D at Dunfermline Palace.
In the Dutch Revolt, the Spanish Netherlands colonies freed themselves from King Philip’s Absolute Monarchy. King Charles of England came to power when his father James I died. While he was ruling, he restored freedom of religion for the Catholics and the Irish, and dissolved Parliament. When the second Scots war broke out, he had to call Parliament again. Parliament passed the grand Remonstrance, which condemned the king’s policies.
The Hundred Year’s War was a long-time conflict between the kings and kingdoms of France and England over the succession of the French throne. When Charles IV died his closest male relative was his nephew, Edward III of England. Not only was Edward III just fifteen years old but also his claim to the throne was through a female. A French assembly came together and chose Phillip of Valois as King Phillip VI while Edward III made his claim to the throne. This sparked an engagement between the two which led to the beginning of the war.
The performance consisted of singers, dancers, and actors. The Fairy Queen, first performed at London’s Dorset Garden Theatre in 1692, was so extravagant that additional performances had to be scheduled the following year to cover the expenses of the performances(Worldofopera.org, para 3 & 4). Purcell’s The Fairy Queen explored a sense of comedy but also showed his passion for music and displayed some of his finest work.
Melisa Pierre-Louis Professor Brett English 10 December 2nd, 2016 A Midsummer Night’s Dream Annotated essay. A Midsummer Night’s Dream by William Shakespeare is a comedy that contains a lot of aspects. They communicate in one way or another to the audience, depending on how we (the audience) analyze what Shakespeare is trying to convey.
The mythos surrounding King Arthur and those associated with him is tremendous. It has grown over the centuries to included stories from foreign lands. His mythos started in the oral tradition of England. The first time he is mentioned in a text was Geoffery of Monmouth's "History of the Kings of Britain". From there, his tale grows and changes.
Winston Churchill once proclaimed, “History is written by the victor”. This quote can be interpreted in a plethora of different ways. However, I believe that it means the one who defeats and wins the on-going battle at hand, directs the next steps that will be taken in history. Catherine the II exemplifies the victor when she makes personal and dire sacrifices to advance her status, and become an empress. In her memoirs Catherine states "My heart did not foresee great happiness; ambition alone sustained me.
Aspects in the review of Victoria the Queen by Janet Maslin develop Queen Victoria’s life into the category of an epic. All categories of an epic have been shown in Victoria’s life. As well, Queen Victoria had always had to fight from her own since birth due to her devious uncles. With the information given in the review, Victoria’s life resembles the meaning of an epic. Even though Victoria’s life was definitely proper, Victoria’s life can be put into an epic description.
This epic poem paid homage to Elizabeth I by Spenser, who wanted to stay within the queen’s inner circle. In “The Faerie Queene”, Queen Gloriana represents Elizabeth I. “To thinke of that true glorious type of thine” (Spenser 371). Spenser addresses Gloriana, Elizabeth I, as glorious, speaking very highly of her to appease the queen. Spenser even repeats “That greatest Gloriana…That greatest Gloriana” (Spenser 371). Throughout the epic poem, Red Crosse, the protagonist, falls in love with Gloriana and wishes to do whatever he can to appease her.
As King Louis XIV and Jean-Baptiste Lully had a close relationship, Lully’s goal was to respect and obey King Louis’s demands upon the arts. Because Lully was King Louis XIV’s favorite court musician, it was with his permission and support that Lully created a French style opera. In obedience to the crown and to France, Lully “reconciled the demands of drama, music, and ballet in a new French form of opera” (Burkholder, et al. 361). One of the elements of the new French opera that shows the influence of King Louis XIV on Lully’s Armide was the overture at the beginning. As this overture was in welcome of the king, its sound was appropriately majestic in keeping with King Louis’s use of the arts as propaganda.