The Harlem Renaissance, also known as the New Negro Movement, is a time period in American history that bred the likes of Langston Hughes, W.E.B Dubois, and Zora Neale Hurston. Despite the name, the Harlem Renaissance is not exclusive to the city of Harlem. The Harlem Renaissance period is an “interdisciplinary cultural movement” (Jones 2008) that unleashed creativity in the African American community and allowed the ingenuity of the community to be shared with the world. The Harlem Renaissance is the beginning of the age of modernism. This artistic movement included creative explosions in the areas of literature, poetry, dance, and music.
The height of the Harlem Renaissance occurred between 1924 and 1929, but its ideas lived and extended for a longer period. Where this renaissance was known by different names such as the New Negro movement and the Harlem Renaissance which was named in 1925 by Alan Locke. Harlem 's Renaissance works focused on cultural and political aspects and was rich in various literary and cultural works, including plays, novels, poems, music, dance and other works of art that represent the flourishing of the famous African-American expression. Along with artists and political leaders such as Marcuse Garvey, who founded powerful and influential philosophies such as self-determination, the unity of black societies in the United States and Africa. Harlem 's renaissance is characterized by the adoption of the sophisticated idea of serious black identity and explicit ethnic pride through the prolific production of literature, art, music, and so on, which defied ethnic racism and widespread distinction, as well as the promotion of progressive politics.
The most influential movement in African American literary history, which contributed the phase of the “New Negro”, is known as The Harlem Renaissance. This movement played a pivotal role in creating a different identity for the black culture (History.com). Emerging in the 1920s, The Harlem Renaissance allowed black writers, artists, photographers, scholars, poets, and musicians to express their talents Part of the foundations of the movement was the Great Migration of African Americans from South to North, drastically expanding their knowledge and socioeconomic opportunities. Certainly the movement was more than literary, for having such a proximate relation to civil rights, the “New Negro” demanded civil and political privileges. Additionally, it had a revitalizing influence for African Americans to develop race pride; giving such a prestige to their work affected African Americans in a manner of desiring to reconnect with their unwanted African heritage.
It is also known as the New Negro movement which flourished in places like Chicago and Washington D.C. Where did the name originated? Renaissance name originated from an African American neighborhood called Harlem, which is now a city. Harlem Renaissance involved many great artists like Zora Neale Hurston, Langston Hughes, and Louis Armstrong. The purpose of this paper is to explain the importance of the Harlem Renaissance, and the amazing artists and music which contributed to this movement.
The poems “The Harlem Dancer” by Claude McKay and “I, Too” by Langston Hughes, both were written during the 1920s. Something significant happening during this time was the the boom of African American culture which took place mainly around the 20s and 30s in New York. Specifically their literature, art, music and much more. The Harlem Renaissance was going on during the time both poems were written, in fact, they were written because of the renaissance. The Harlem Renaissance was the movement of African American culture.
Racism is a prominent issue or a serious problem in the American society since the beginning and the Americans are still struggling to eradicate this problem from their land. American soil has witnessed civil rights movements concerning this issue in the past. However in 1920, a movement got initiated to promote black identity known as Harlem Renaissance. It was also a fine arts movement that led to an increase in black confidence, literacy rate, and black culture. Writers wrote about their roots and the current society.
The Harlem Renaissance was a movement that reflected the culture of African Americans in an artistic way during the 1920’s and the 30’s. Many African Americans who participated in this movement showed a different side of the “Negro Life,” and rejected the stereotypes that were forced on themselves. The Harlem Renaissance was full of artists, musicians, and writers who wrote about their thoughts, especially on discrimination towards blacks, such as Louis Armstrong, Ella Fitzgerald, and Langston Hughes. The Harlem Renaissance was an influential and exciting movement, and influenced others to fight for what they want and believed in. The Harlem Renaissance was the start of the Civil Rights Movement.
The Harlem Renaissance Era took place during the 1920’s and 1930’s bring with it an explosive new genre of jazz and blues, art ,poetry and many other creative outlets thus creating many great changes. This was an era for expressing the African-American culture in American; documenting everything from our countries dark past to the optimistic hope of a brighter future for African Americans. The primary and most important factors that contributed to the up rise of the Harlem Renaissance were World War I and the Great Migration. For it was the relocation to Harlem during The Great Migration of African-American people from the egregious oppression of South to the North, that was the cause of this phenomenon. Harlem became one of the largest African- American communities in The United States, and during the Harlem Renaissance and soon became a center for art and literature.
Arthur Schomburg 's "The Negro Digs Up His Past" and Alain Locke 's "The New Negro", 1925 essays were postmarks in Clarke’s life to motivate him to take the first real step on the pathway of intellectual development and historical African discovery. In addition, the hard suffering times of Black people during America’s great economic depression, continual racial hatred towards Black people, the increase in Black protest against segregation, and the rise of the millions of Black people in Mosiah Marcus Garvey’s UNIA organization were factors that influence John Henrik Clarke’s development to a great scholar for the benefit of his
Since the 1960s “We shall overcome,” continues to develop as it goes around the world. Stuart Stott’s author of we shall overcome explains within his book, why the song evolve around the world through different protest movements, Countries, in south Africa during apartheid and China during the 1988 Tiananmen square protests. This song represents both a song and a symbol of freedom and resistance to oppression, giving it a significant role within the civil rights movement and any movement worldwide. "Alabama" song composed by John Coltrane played a significant role in the movement, as it showed how injustice events pushed the civil rights movement to fight harder and quicker for their freedom. On September 15th 1963, four girls Addie Mae Collins 14, Carol Robertson 14, Cynthia Wesley 14 and Denise McNair 11, died from a bombing attacked planted by