It may seem a little invasive, but schools are permitted to use drug dogs to sniff out contraband during unannounced, random searches and it becomes a controversial problem for all. The use of drug-sniffing dogs in schools is permitted because students do not have a reasonable expectation of privacy in the school and school search did not go against the Fourth Amendment, which is the right of people to be secure in their personal spaces houses and papers. While drug dogs are becoming more and more commonplace in our public schools and to maintaining a drug-dog program can cost district estimates $12,000 and $36,000 every year. Drug dog must go through a long period of time of training and drug dogs are not dangerous to people, but instead it protects people. Without reservation, we must know the history background, advantages, and disadvantages of having a drug dog searches. Historically speaking, student searches came about in response to schools such as Columbine, Jonesboro, West Paducah, Pearl, Littleton, and Springfield 's sudden acts of violence at these schools. Schools and communities use these methods typically use the best search policies are developed by school boards who work collaboratively with local law enforcement officials, local judges, attorneys, school staff, community members to keep the school safe and maintaining the survival of the school. In the article by Kate R. Ehlenberger, Assistant Executive Director, Commonwealth Educational policy institute
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The school’s policies and procedures in regards to illegal drug use on campus have not been updated since 1970, when there was a more relaxed perspective of drug use. In 1970, cocaine was perceived as being used by the wealthy and the users and dealers were a lot younger (Abadinsky, 2014). This school’s policies and procedures haven’t been revised since “crack” was created in 1980 (Abadinsky, 2014). A lot has changed since 1970 and with new and different drugs in existence the level of violence has increased (Abadinsky, 2014).
In the case of State v. Barrett (1996), a drug detection team was brought in to conduct a random drug search of the high school on May 3, 1995 in St. Tammany Parish. Six classes were chosen by the principal, who had mentioned some of the selected classes were known to have some of the "problem" students, including the 18 year-old defendant. During the third classroom search, the defendant 's classroom, students were asked to empty their pockets and leave the room. The dogs were brought in and one of the dog 's alerted a smell on the defendant 's wallet. After the principal searched the wallet and found $400 in cash, he placed it in a different location, which the dog alerted on once again.
Thank you for the privilege of meeting with you, Senator Markey and Jason Allen. We, as well as Elks National President Michael Zellen and Elks Past National President Paul Helsel, appreciated the opportunity to share with you the Elks’ drug prevention awareness work. Drug use prevention has been at the heart of the Elks’ mission for over 30 years. Each year we reach nearly every school and community across the nation through drug prevention rallies, public service announcements and the distribution of millions of anti-drug brochures annually. All of this available at no cost to schools, kids or parents.
Have you ever took a drug test and felt like you had to give up your privacy as a citizen? James Acton did in the court case " Acton v. Vernonia School District". After reviewing the case I 've come to the decision to agree with the school district and believe that the government interest in keeping the students safe from drug use weighs more than this seventh graders privacy. “It has been 35 years since Ronald Reagan’s first inaugural speech as President — the one in which he said, “In this present crisis, government is not the solution to our problem; government is the problem.”” (http://centeroncongress.org/) When presidant Reagan said this, not only do I agree with this but i also believe this is why there is limited government.
According to the First Amendment, Congress cannot forbid freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition. The Fourteenth Amendment prohibits United States citizens from being denied rights (US Const.). In the Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District Trial, seven students wore black armbands to protest the Vietnam War. The incident occurred in December to encourage a ceasefire between North Vietnam and South Vietnam over the holidays. The students were immediately suspended after wearing the controversial armbands (LII).
School officials are not allowed to conduct searches on students without probable cause; and random searches are not permissible according to The Fourth Amendment. The Fourth Amendment states that a person has the right to be secure in their homes, and personal effects and to prevent them against un-probable search cases. For example, these laws and policies affect school leaders decision-making procedures by stating that school leaders must have probable cause to conduct searches against students for specific incidents and locations including any property to be taken from the students. For example, in the case of New Jersey v T. L. O. (1985) addressed the issue of can a search by a school official be called a "search" based on the Fourth Amendment
If you don't know what the 4th Amendment is, it guards against unreasonable searches and seizures. If students are tested for drugs they may get discouraged about life and want to commit suicide, or they might not try as hard in their school work. Student athletes should not be tested for drugs because it takes money out of their education. Student athletes should not be tested for drugs because it takes money out of their education. They should not test them because it costs so much for a test and to test a couple hundred student athletes.
Some communities and school officials may not think that schools need locker searches, but the do. They will say that it is invading their privacy and that kids and teens should have the ability to protect and defend themselves. Guns, knives, and other dangerous or unallowed items at school should be banned, but others may not recall that they should be. In conclusion, locker searches should be enforced because of all of the violence in our world.
When one hears "school security" these days, the word that goes with it is "tighten." Indeed, given both external threats and unruly (sometimes violent) student behavior, it makes sense to think that the most sensible course of action is to err on the side of more stringent measures, harsher sanctions and less permissive administration. It largely comes down to liability - whenever an individual with a history of troubled or criminal behavior snaps or becomes involved in an incident severe enough to attract government or media attention, many of the questions asked in the aftermath are variations on "why was this person not in jail. " The same applies to schools, where administrators often end up having to justify themselves to parents and
“Over 60% of teens claim drugs are used on school grounds”(Fitzgerald). Over the years, schools have not been doing anything to prevent this. Teens revealed that, “1 in 5 of their classmates either drink, use drugs, or smoke during school hours on school grounds” (Fitzgerald). More studies show that, “17% of high school students use drugs daily.” Kids in schools know someone who either does drugs, or sells drugs on school grounds (“School”).
Being safe at school is something that a person shouldn’t have to worry, about but it has become a concern for a lot of parents, teachers, and school administration. Increasing security in high school, middle school, and elementary school would help control and protect the kids from possible threats, as well as creating a safe learning environment and show kids that police officers are good people. Most middle and high schools nowadays have resource officers in the building or some sort of security within the school. In 2007 only 40% of schools in the country had a school resource officer on campus (James and McCallion 11). From a study done by The Virginia Department of Criminal Justice services, they reported that “‘an overwhelming majority of students and staff feel safe at school’ as a result of school resource officers (SROs) being present in school buildings” (Weiler and Cray).
Pros and Cons of Workplace Drug Testing The drug problem in any country continues to proliferate despite efforts of the government in preventing these drugs from further destructing the lives of the people. Clandestine laboratories sprout on different parts of the world and find ways on how it can reach vulnerable individuals. What makes it more alarming is how drug addiction has affected children as young as 12 years old. The popularity of drug use is caused by the following factors: • The availability of both prescription and street drugs.
But back to the dogs. Dogs are usually called up to assist law enforcement. Roles that dogs are called up to do are usually roles such as detaining suspects, pursuing suspects, either by scent or by sight. Other roles that they can fulfill is detecting illegal substances, such as drugs or bombs. The way the dog is able to detect bombs is because of the gunpowder in the gun.