The Importance Of Prokaryotic Organisms

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Prokaryotic organisms normally have a cytoplasmic membrane, cell wall, and sometimes a capsule. Bacterial cells are most commonly either coccus or bacillus in shape. The cell wall is either Gram positive or Gram negative. When the cell is Gram negative, the cell has an extra layer of lipopolysaccharides. The Gram positive has a thick layer of peptidoglycan. Bacteria usually have capsules, but archaea rarely have one. Inside the prokaryote is cytoplasm and a nucleoid. The nucleus is not enclosed inside of a membrane in prokaryotes. The cell may have appendages to adhere to certain surfaces or for motility. The prokaryotic cell is smaller than the eukaryotic cell and has different qualities that make the cell less complex than a eukaryotic cell.…show more content…
So knowing the structure and function of various types of prokaryotes helps scientists and doctors understand how the cell survives, or more usefully, how it can be killed. From a medical standpoint, characteristics of certain bacteria can help antibacterial medications be developed. This can selectively kill or inhibit growth without harm being done to humans. Also, these distinguishing characteristics from bacteria to bacteria are helpful to scientists in identifying its species. So medically, identification of bacterium on the species level can help in production of medicine (antibacterial medicine) in order to help fight bacteria-causing diseases and illnesses. Non-medically, scientists can use the identification and species differentiation to understand more about a particular type of bacteria in order to understand more about their environment and

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