There were many philosophers in the 17th and 18th century that influenced and inspired the founders of our country. For instance, John Locke believed that life, liberty, and property should be our natural rights as humans and if the government could not secure these rights then the people could get rid of them. That idea impacted Thomas Jefferson when he wrote the Declaration of Independence. This was the perfect time to develop different theories and contradictions because this was right around the time of the printing press and protestant reformation where people started to question the catholic church. Other philosophers like Thomas Hobbes, Voltaire, Montesquieu, and Rousseau impacted founders like George Washington and James Madison who have positively affected this country in many different ways.
Hence Federalists came up with the Bill of Rights as a way to get the Constitution ratified and for people to really see a needed change. The Bill Of Rights which lists specific prohibitions on governmental power, lead the Anti-Federalists to be less fearful of the new Constitution . This guaranteed that the people would still remain to have rights, but the strong central government that the country needed would have to be approved. The 1804 Map of the nation shows that even after the ratification of the United States Constitution there still continued to be “commotion” and dispute in the country. (Document 8) George Washington stated that the people should have a say in the nation and government and everything should not be left to the government to decide.
More people began realizing that, if they tried hard enough, they could improve their ranking and change their social positions. Therefore, this took away a lot of the church’s power, and restored it to the people. Also, because of the new discoveries in science and technology, government was equally affected. At the end of the Thirty Years’ War, a new system was introduced as the nation-states. With this policy, land was divided into numerous small states, while simultaneously uniting them all in one nation.
Brittany Morrison H340- Professor Cappello October 30, 2017 Letter to James Duane Alexander Hamilton September 03, 1780 The American Constitution is a vital segment of the United States’ foundation-- it was the premise of a unique government that did not exist before its time. Although, prior to the Constitution The Founding Fathers of the United States sought to establish a government that would not exploit the American people the way the British government had done so. With considerable fear of corruption, standing armies and lack of representation the Articles of Confederation was enacted. At the outset, the A.O.C had achieved exactly what it was written to do-- supply the governed people with the power over the government. In the near
This can guard against tyranny because when one person gains too much power, then tyranny is almost guaranteed because there would not be an easy way to stop them from doing only what they desire. For example, if the president had all the power over everyone they would be able to do whatever they want and make laws that maybe no one agrees with. Next, if the power is divided and shared between people, then there will be a strong central government. John Madison presented this idea. When there is a strong central government then it means that the government would have a strong middle, which can guard against tyranny because it keeps the government successful and strong.
Thomas Jefferson’s and Alexander Hamilton’s viewpoints during the 1790’s and the 1800’s were very different but sort of similar. Jefferson wanted the government to be run by the people of the U.S. while Hamilton wanted the wealthy class to run it, Jefferson wanted strong state government, Hamilton wanted strong federal government. But one thing that stood out to the people was Hamilton wanted a loose/lenient interpretation of the constitution as Jefferson wanted a strict one. During the 1700’s-1800’s, despite the fact Philadelphia was the nation’s temporary capital, U.S. Congress met difficulties and fears that tested the strength of the Constitution and the republic it built. The nation had a few domestic issues of finance, taxation, and slavery that separated the delegates into unpleasant political groups which caused international relations disagreements and second thoughts.
This was important because it created a peaceful living and order, but also the people still had the right to overthrow their government if they felt they were not representing the people anymore and abusing power(Locke 1690). The Mayflower Compact and John Locke’s ideas helped our founders shape the U.S to create a better future, and set forth a foundation in which future principles could branch from. The Mayflower Compact was written by loyal, religious colonists that had just landed in America, it was their first attempt at establishing a document that would tell the people their rights, and who would be their leader (Nobles 1215). In the Mayflower Contract, it states they still
Locke wants people to stand up for the rights that they deserved. Jefferson wanted to create a government contract for the people, which would allow for them to become an independent nation. Locke’s declaration creates revolts and made the American people start thinking about what they wanted for themselves. His declaration caused damage to the great nation until Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence which united the people. The social contract in John Locke’s declaration is the State of Nature.
He helped us in the American Revolution by expertly writing the Declaration of Independence, perfectly articulating how the Patriots felt about their need for separation. His system of beliefs was another contribution to society, which still influences many people today. Lastly, Jefferson’s inventions were also very important contributions to society, some which greatly affect how we live our lives today. I shall leave you with one of my favorite quotes from Thomas Jefferson. “Do you want to know who you are?
From the beginning of time, humans have learned new things that have tremendously helped us improve as a whole. Two of the most influential periods in history are the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment. Although some may consider them two completely different slices in our world’s history, the Scientific Revolution was actually a significant reason for the move to the Enlightenment. “A major cause for the Enlightenment was the Scientific Revolution which, because of its many achievements in science, gave rise to the expectation that similar breakthroughs might be achieved in the social and political arena if only the same methods were applied” (The Enlightenment). Each era had things that set them apart as well as things that made
I honestly believe that federalism is a stronger government. Federalism is the federal principle or system of government. Federalist believe in having a state with its own government. Federalist also believe in having a military which keeps the people under a Federalist state safe from outside harm. Also the Federalist believe having a national constitution meaning that there is a better balance of laws.