The French and Indian War was important to the American Revolution because the debt from the war was the reason that Parliament started taxing the colonists. Also, the French and Indian War made Britain very weak, making the colonists’ actions work a whole lot better. Since France was not happy with the outcome of their war with Britain this was a main reasons for France’s interest in helping the now Americans throughout the Revolutionary War, which was very important to the colonies’ victory. The reason why Britain started to tax the colonists was because of the debt resulting from the French and Indian War. The first tax was the the tax on sugar, which was put on the colonists to help pay off the war debt.
The French and Indian War was fought for land and power in North America. As the war excelled, the Native Americans took the side of the French rather than the British. This is because the French were not attempting to take over their land like the British were (Zinn chpt 5). Over the seven years that the war lasted, the British defeated the French and now had control of most of the land. Howard Zinn, author of A People’s History of the United States, accentuates about how the British could continue its ruling over the colonies, “With the French defeated, the British government could turn its attention to tightening control over the colonies” (Zinn 60).
The first important effect the war of 1812 had was the way it changed foreign policy for America. One of the major problems before the war, was the way Britain forced neutral nations trade to go through British authorities first. Not only that but they’d take American seamen and force them into the British navy.
Historians point to a number of reasons that caused the American Revolution, but I believe the two most important things that affected the colonies was the French and Indian War along with the British policy changes that they had made after the Seven-Year War. The French and British had, had a long history of not getting along. When the French tried to take over more land towards the Ohio River Valley, the British decided it was time to declare war. It could be known as the first “World War” because it took place not only in the Americas but also a lot of Europe. The French put up quite the fight.
Lastly, the United States was avid to prove their independence from the British Empire. Before 1812, Indiana’s territorial governor William Henry Harrison led U.S. troops to victory in the Battle of Tippecanoe. Consequently, this defeat convinced many Indians that they needed British support to prevent American settlers moving them further from their land. Pressure was mounting on the President at that time John Madison.
In 1776, the British colonists that were living in America were getting tired of Great Britain’s control. The British were strictly ruling the colonies at this time, and the colonists decided that they were going to fight back. Firstly, colonists were given hefty taxes. Great Britain did this to receive more money, since they are in debt from the French and Indian War. Also, there were many unfair laws that were being instilled.
Since the United States was relatively a new nation, it needed some form of organization to hold the states together and keep its government and society stable to build a stronger economy (Knoedl, 2003). The first and foremost inherited weakness of the Articles came from the fact that it replaced sovereign power in the hands of the states. This started after the American Revolution, when the American people feared that the colonists would form a new government that could function similarly to King George III’s monarchy after having dealt with the British Crown for years. Since then these states would start creating their own set of rules and laws and because of some states, creating their own constitutions and each state can rule itself, it gave more power to them than the actual Federal Government.
Federalists, those who were in favor of a strong federal government, were in debates with Anti-Federalists, those who opposed the ideas of the Constitution. They believed the Constitution weakened the states too much, had no Bill of Rights, and thought the President could easily become a king. Delaware was the first state to ratify, with Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia, and Connecticut quickly following. Massachusetts ratified, but still had a strong opposition, and only a major campaign by Constitution supporters won the ratification of the state. Maryland and South Carolina had ratified, which made 8 state ratification.
In Europe, England was known for their production of woolen cloth, and they had been successful in establishing trade companies in other Europeans countries. But, because of the increasing unemployment caused by severe religious conflicts in England, the English slowly began to look for opportunities in the Americas. Even though England was inexperienced with overseas trading, or heard that there were hostile Indians, they were still hopeful in establishing an overseas trade like the
America’s search for independence began after its colonial citizens became upset about the trade regulations and taxation imposed by the British Empire. They sought to be their own sovereign nation, separate from the monarchy headed by King George. The colonialist no longer felt they could prosper under the overbearing rule of one man or woman, so they began their fight for independence. Although the overall political struggle began in 1765, the American Revolutionary War began in 1775 and ended in 1783. Following the war and after the colonialists gained their hard earned independence, they wanted to create a governmental system that did not oppress its citizens, so they wrote the United States Constitution in 1787.
In the early stages of the war, the U.S had an advantage because there was also an ongoing war between Britain and France. However, when the France surrendered, the British was able to focus its war with the Americans again. Therefore, the Americans had to adapt to new orders and directions, but in the end, the Americans succeeded and
The squabbling between the Natives and the colonists continued, and was simply tacked onto the already massive debt accumulated by the British Empire after the end of the Seven Years War. Victory has a price tag, and British did not have the money to pay. With nowhere else to turn, Britain looked to its North American colonies to uphold their end of the deal. To Parliament, this decision fit into the system of mercantilism which defined the relationship between Britain and her colonies. Crippling debt or not, wealth was a resource to be extracted like any other, and the purpose of these colonies was first and foremost to enrich their mother
The primary weakness of the Articles of Confederation is that each state retained all sovereignty over itself. Sovereignty is defined as ultimate authority over someone, something, or someplace. Although the National Government had enough power, it gave too much to the states. This lead to a plethora of problems that harmed the government of the United States under the Articles of Confederation. One example of this was the states did not have to pay the government taxes.
The Newly formed government set out to make itself different from the British rulers. They wanted to form a representative government. One where the power rested with the people through the elected representatives. The Declaration of Independence, drafted by Thomas Jefferson, set out to detail the individual’s liberties and the government’s’ duty to protect those liberties.
The Articles of Confederation is made up of a preamble and then it has 13 articles to follow. This was created by the 13 colonies and they created it to set up a central and strong government (Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, 1p. 1). The United States Constitution was needed because during this time period none had a set of rules that said what they could and couldn’t do. They didn't have a simple set of laws. Since they didn't have any rules the country was complete chaos.