According to Elin Woodger and Brandon Toropov in their reference book, The Encyclopedia of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, New Orleans was a highly desired port for trading. New Orleans was part of this vast territory known as the Louisiana Territory that was under French rule. American traders had been denied permission to use this port for trade. That, along with the fear of a “French army arriving on the American mainland” (Woodger & Toropov), gave Jefferson reason to consider purchasing this land from France. Jefferson sent two representatives, James Monroe and Robert Livingston, to negotiate with France about this issue: The instructions given to Monroe and Livingston were that they should offer up to $10 million to buy New Orleans and …show more content…
According to the Reader’s Digest book Great Adventures That Changed Our World: The World’s Greatest Explorers Their Triumphs and Tragedies, Jefferson asked Congress for $2,500 to provide everything necessary for this expedition to take place. Jefferson asked his private secretary, Meriwether Lewis, to be the leader of the expedition. Jefferson believed Lewis was qualified to be such a leader because he had “courage, prudence, habits and health adapted to the woods, and some familiarity with the Indian character” (Thomas Jefferson, qtd. in Reader’s Digest 213). Lewis took on the responsibility of organizing and preparing for the voyage (Reader’s Digest, 213). Along with preparing the necessary items and food and other important commodities, Lewis asked William Clark, his former commanding officer in the army, to help him lead the expedition. Lewis said to his future co-captain and old friend, “my friend I can assure you that no man lives with whom I would prefer to undertake and share the difficulties of such a trip than yourself” (Reader’s Digest, 213-214). The President gave Lewis specific and direct instructions of what he wanted them to accomplish. Jefferson’s first purpose was for Lewis to follow the Missouri River, and explore it, in order to see if there was an efficient stream of water to the west coast for commerce. Along with this, Jefferson also instructed Lewis to record maps of the land, analyze the soil to see it’s potential for providing crops, record the climate, and also to learn about the Indians (Readers Digest,
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Thomas Jefferson’s Instructions to Meriwether Lewis discussed the appointment of Lewis as commander of the expedition, gave specific details of the purpose of the exploration, and provided directions for Lewis to follow when carrying out the trip. Thomas Jefferson carefully selected his personal secretary, Meriwether Lewis, to be the commander of the Expedition and trusted that he would be able to perform the tasks assigned to him. Jefferson requested that an abundant amount of precise notes be taken and that they be protected at all costs. He was interested in learning about the people occupying the land, their culture, the ecosystems, and the land. In addition to note taking, treating the Native Americans with respect and peace was important
Kimberly Nguyen October 2017 Swanson 9:30 US History Unit 2 First Draft In 1803, Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory, a land deal between the United States and France. “The U.S. acquired approximately 827,000 square miles of land west of the Mississippi River for $15 million.” Jefferson sent James Monroe along with Robert Livingston to Paris to negotiate. Jefferson gave them a mandate to negotiate up to $10 million for purchase of New Orleans and all or part of the Floridas.
Jefferson decided to try and buy New Orleans. Why did he want to buy it? He wanted to be sure that American farmers would always be able to ship their goods through the port. Jefferson sent Robert Livingston and James Monroe to buy New Orleans and to buy West Florida from Napoleon. The president said they could offer as much as $10 million.
The document, Thomas Jefferson’s secret message to Congress about the Lewis and Clark expedition in 1803, tells us about Jefferson’s views of westward expansion and Native Americans. Jefferson really liked the idea of westward expansion; in addition, he saw the remarkable opportunities associated with it. Jefferson believed that the Native Americans could be coaxed into willingly giving up their land. The Americans were more deserving of Indian territories in the eyes of Jefferson, so he wanted to change their minds and get the Natives to hand over their land. Jefferson wanted to utilize two tactics to achieve this goal.
The Louisiana Purchase Dear Editor: I think that Thomas Jefferson and the United States Government should buy the port of New Orleans because they need the get the port so that we can trade and expand the United States. One of the vast reasons that we bought the hefty territory was that we wanted total control of the New Orleans port so we could further our trade. We wanted to be in total control of the port because they stopped our trade and we needed to import and export goods. Another reason was the we wanted the port so we could trade whenever and no one could stop out trade.
In 1803, Thomas Jefferson wrote a document to France to purchase western land, also known a the Louisiana Purchase. Jefferson was given the land from France, and wanted to study the new purchased territory. He sent out his personal secretary, Meriwether Lewis, he had much knowledge about the frontier. Lewis asked for help from William Clark, he also was a draftsman and frontiersman and had more knowledge than Meriwether. Both of the men made a plan to take a two-year trip to the ocean.
the Lewis & Clark expedition, or the Corps of Discovery, began in 1804 and was given permission by President Thomas Jefferson to venture into the newly purchased western territories of Louisiana. France sold the United States the entire territory of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. This enormous tract of land “doubled the size of the United States” empire and was sold to us for “less than three cents per acre” (First Americans, pp. 251). The expedition was headed by two men named Meriwether Lewis and William Clark. Their goals included exploring, mapping, and documenting every aspect of discovery along the Missouri River all the way to the Pacific Ocean.
Lewis and Clark “began the American invasion of the west,” (). They fulfilled “many of Jefferson’s wishes for the expedition,” (). Along the journey, Clark “drew a series of maps that were remarkably detailed, noting and naming rivers and creeks, writing down the spots where they camped and writing down new discoveries they made,” (). Lewis and Clark's’ adventure was successful in many ways because they
Thomas Jefferson was able to make one of the largest recorded purchases of land, doubling the size of the US overnight. But how did he do it? He was a strongly anti-federalist, so it did not make sense for him to make such a federalist move. In 1803 the US purchased the Louisiana territory (an 800,000 square mile piece of land) from france for 15 million dollars.
Jefferson’s purpose was to have Lewis identify the environment of the land to the West such as the people, plants and animals. Lewis took this on this challenge and contacted William Clark in joining him on this expedition. Lewis and Clark immediately jumped into this expedition as they started their
Three treaties were signed in the Louisiana Purchase agreement. The first outlined the transfer of the territory from France to the United States. The other two treaties, called conventions, described how the United States would pay France. The two nations agreed that the United States would pay France $11,250,000 in cash over a period of fifteen years. Furthermore, some American citizens claimed that the French government owed them money for goods that the French navy had seized at sea.
Katelyn Cooper History 1301 Tue Thur 12:30 10/27/14 Reflective Essay The Louisiana Purchase was the real-estate deal of the 19th century. In 1801 Thomas Jefferson became president of the United States. At the same time Napoleon also became the emperor of France, which brought the French Revolution, the Republic, and the beginning of an attempt to expand the French Empire to conquer the world all to an end.
President Thomas Jefferson commissioned the Corps of Discovery to have the Lewis and Clark expedition find a waterway that could connect the United States for transportation because he had aspirations to expand to the Pacific and Northwest making the expedition important to his agenda for the United States. (The Corp of Discovery, 2016). Another reason for the important expedition was to create a relationship with the American Indians, and the American fur trade, while learning the North American topography and geography of the land which was also important to the exploration (Corps of Discover, 2016). Thomas Jefferson was important to the Lewis and Clark expedition because he organized the journey, sought funding and made Lewis and Clark head
New Orleans being a port city, it was a good passage for trade. Despite this, a rebellion in Haiti had shifted his focus off of the territory. Now that the land held no benefit to him, and was a large mass just taking up space, he decided his best option was to sell the land and gain the money for France (“Background”). Jefferson's only concern was securing the waterway into the Gulf of Mexico. He offered a sum of two million dollars for the port city alone.
The Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana purchase was one of the biggest land purchases in history. In 1803, the United States paid around $15 million dollars for around 800,000 square miles of land. This was arguably the greatest achievement of thomas jefferson’s presidency. The louisiana territory was a wild card in the european game of imperialism.