At first lynching was only for slaves that tried to escape, it then turned into all blacks, then before lynching was illegal the mobs (such as the KKK and jim crow laws) would lynch different religions and races. The majority of the crimes the people were charged for were fake or over exaggerated, the people that were lynched did not receive a fair
Nevertheless, To Kill a Mockingbird remains to be one of the most widely taught works of literature and is renowned for ingraining readers with positive views against racism. Set during the Jim Crow Era in the South, To Kill a Mockingbird displays many instances of racism. Atticus Finch, a protagonistic lawyer, defends Tom Robinson: an African American who is falsely accused of rape. Throughout the trial, Scout and Jem Finch are repeatedly ridiculed based on their father’s defense of Robinson. Lynch mobs led by racist towns members gather at the jail with the motive to kill Robinson, although the mob ends up breaking up due to Scout’s comments.
Lynching was something horrific that happened a lot in the 1900s in the South(mostly) but many other states as well. Lynching is a root from slavery and was a racialized violence to blacks. This is something that continues in todays world. Several authors wrote and continue to write about the terrible process of lynching; from slavery, segregation, and today's racialized violence. One reading that stood out to me was "Big Boy Leaves Home," by Richard Wright.
For one, the slavery seen in African communities was typically for the punishment of criminals, although there are exceptions, like Equiano’s own enslavement. However, despite his kidnapping and involuntary enslavement, he was treated as if he were free, with families doing “all they could to comfort me” and “carry[ing] me very often, when I was tired, either on their shoulders or on their backs” (Equiano, 31). It can be assumed that, by Equiano’s retelling, that even though he was held in servitude against his will, the reasoning for the owning of slaves was to pass them through to the coast to be taken to the Americas but without the malevolent feelings that the slaves would eventually encounter with the white
One of the stages of the triangular trade was transporting slaves from Africa to the New World. The slaves were abused during this process from the beginning. African dealers would kidnap people from their villages. Some victims who were captured and ultimately survived were then able to write about their experience being captured. Quobna Ottabah Cugoano, also known as John Stuart, wrote that the slavers attacked them with pistols and threatened to kill those who attempted to run away or did not comply with their commands.
The state of South Carolina has followed the nation’s trend of increasing police brutality against minority groups. African Americans are the most targeted minority for police brutality. The first official slave patrol was formed in South Carolina and was a prelude to the modern police department. The fact that modern police departments has its roots in what was a racist practice of monitoring and beating African American slaves into submission or preventing the escape of slaves from their white owners it is not a stretch for a modern South Carolinian police department to have retained a racist attitude. There have been several instances of law enforcement officers being accused and convicted for abusing their power.
During Elizabethan Era, the punishments given out for certain crimes were often brutal and ruthless. Criminals were handed out their punishments depending on how severe their crimes were. There were a variety of punishments given out, but only a few were frequently used. The torture among the different classes were given out depending on people's role in society. Criminals were some the worst people with their crimes ranging from larceny to manslaughter.
Discrimination. To Kill A Mockingbird, a book based off of the racial biases of the American South in the time (1930s/Great Depression), shows them and their effects, like how the blacks in the courtroom have to sit in the balcony. Also, Tom Robinson was considered guilty in a white person versus a black person case, even though the evidence pointed to him being innocent. Another event that was going on was when a gang tries to take Tom Robinson away for lynching, but is stopped by Atticus and Scout. To Kill A Mockingbird shows the effects of racial discrimination in the American South at the time by showing racism towards blacks, allow automatic black guilt, and threats or violence made to blacks
Once intercepted by the local South Carolina militia, they battled and 20 whites were killed and double that of African rebels were also murdered. Due to this rebellion/revolt and the fear of more revolts, laws with even harsher slave codes were enacted. One act to come out the Stono Rebellion was the “Negro Act of 1740”, which restricted slave assembly, movement, and education. This act also restricted the importation of slaves directly from Africa for 10 years because the Africans were beginning to outnumber the whites. Slave owners who treated their slaves too harshly were subject to fines under the Negro Act in a way to implicit the idea that harsh treatment might contribute to rebellion.
In conclusion, slavery was abolished later on in life, but at this point slaves were getting more violent, determined, and confident in themselves. For example, Nat Turner was a slave who killed his master and 60 other white men. The revolt spread, but it was finally stopped by federal troops. In the 1830’s-1840’s serious slave uprisings came about in Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, and
During the 19th century the Ku Klux Klan were feared by freedmen everywhere. The Klu Klux Klan were a group of white supremacists who were trying to restore white supremacy by hanging or lynching freedmen. The Klu Klux Klan terrorized freedmen in Georgia during the 19th century in an attempt to restore white supremacy by lynching blacks. The Ku Klux Klan terrorized Georgia citizens in the years after the Civil War but they were not brought to justice because some members were government officials. The KKK terrorized newly freed slaves after the Civil War ended.
When discussing the physical inspection the slaves had to endure Nash writes, "it was also part of the psychological assault meant to strip away self-respect and self-identity" (Nash 123) he reveals that every form of dehumanizing the Africans was planned out and executed. Each demeaning act was intentionally carried out to dehumanized and psychologically torture the Africans before their new lives as slaves began. Both the Native Americans and Africans were dominated both physically and psychologically by the English, resulting in North America being dominated by European
The history of police brutality goes way back to the slavery era, where law enforcement against African American slaves were known as Fugitive slave catchers. In the United States, during the mid-19th century, fugitive slave catchers were responsible for returning escaped slaves to their owners. The patrols were formed in response to white Southerners ' fears of lawlessness and even insurrection on the part of the slaves, who outnumbered whites by almost two to one in some areas (“US Slaves”). White males were required to be slave patrols. This is evidence in the
Willie Lynch intended for the African race to be pitted against each other by “breaking” them. “(Y)ou must pitch the old black Male vs. the young black Male, and the young black Male against the old black male. You must use the dark skin slaves vs. the light skin slaves, and the light
During the reconstruction Blacks encountered severe white incrimination and several instances of out right violence “a Freedman living on the plantation of James W. Wade in Fort Bend Co. was arrested, chained and whipped by the wades and others” (Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of Texas). Additionally, Black Codes which were laws passed by Southern states with the intent and the effect of restricting African Americans ' freedom, quantified southern sentiment but this was eventually countered by The Civil