Transcendentalism was a literary and philosophical movement in a America that was looking for an identity. The main ideas of transcendentalism are that the individual should be independent and that man is inherently good.They also thought that individuals should find God through nature.Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau were the leaders of transcendentalism. Both Emerson and Thoreau wrote about these ideas and expanded them to nature and god. The leader of transcendentalism were looked down upon but their ideas are still relevant today. A theme that connects the transcendental writings of Thoreau and Emerson to modern time is the idea that says that society is not good for individuals.
Henry lives out the maxim, “Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind,” throughout the whole play, specifically during a scene with Sam and another scene with Deacon Ball. In the scene with Sam, Henry refuses to pay his taxes as an act against conformity and supporting the war, this eventually results to him ending up going to jail. In addition to his act against conformity as a means of not paying his taxes, he also follows his own belief by teaching the way he wants to and questioning if God is an atheist. Again as a result of his beliefs, he ends up getting in trouble by Deacon Ball. At the end of the day, the way Henry lives his life is considered sacred because despite knowing that there will be consequences to his actions, he still follows through with them due to the fact does not care what others think of how he lives his life, he seeks change and is not afraid to act out his beliefs in order to achieve
"Must the citizen ever for a moment or in the least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? He refused to pay taxes to the American government because of it. However, it was illegal to refuse to pay taxes which are owed to the government. Thoreau was arrested and thrown in jail. "To Thoreau's frustration, his tax was paid by a
Many of Emerson's maxims can be applied to "The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail", one of which state:"Nothing is at last sacred but the integrity of your own mind." What this means is that there is nothing more important than the strength of what you believe in. This maxim signifies the importance in following your own thoughts. The play is connected to this maxim in the way that one of its characters, "Henry" acts throughout it. As the play progresses, Henry's behavior is very divergent as to the beliefs at that time.
When comparing Civil Disobedience by Henry David Thoreau and The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail by Jerome Lawrence and Robert E. Lee, it is apparent that Thoreau’s ideas and thoughts distinguished him from his society. Whereas the society’s ideas in Thoreau’s time period tended to lack inspiration, Thoreau’s ideas transcended the societal ideals of the time. Although Thoreau himself did not write The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail, the play highlights and expresses Thoreau’s transcendentalist ideas more powerfully than Civil Disobedience because the play elaborates on Thoreau’s passion regarding the notion that living is more than just existing. In the first scene of The Night Thoreau Spent in Jail, Lawrence and Lee establish the character of Thoreau
When the colonists broke off from Britain they made it clear that they wanted nothing to do with them, and that they basically strongly disliked them. It also enabled them to “...levy war, conclude peace, contract alliances, establish commerce, and to do all other acts and things which independent states may of right to do,” (Document 2). When this happened, the political system was shaped into the political system that every country wants, besides slavery for
The belief is that you do not hurt anyone but you disobey the law to show what you think. The idea is the same for in Fahrenheit 451 the people who get arrested for owning books are being civilly disobedient of the law and showing what they think and try to start a spark, but in the end no one listens and everyone dies. One of the last works that will be compared is the Declaration of Independence. This document talks about human rights and the need to defend them. The dystopian society that Fahrenheit 451 is set in does not allow for people to have the right to happiness as seemingly implied of a comment by a doctor who says people overdosing is a common call for them.The right to life is seemingly not given as people don’t get a fair trial when convicted of a crime as they seem to be immediately executed on the
‘‘We are nothing mankind is all , By the grace of our brothers are we allowed our lives ‘’ Ayn rand the author of Anthem wrote the book after she left Russia because of the war, she moved to New York writing Anthem a dystopia about the future of mankind In her novella there are two major themes talking about the collective society vs. individualism were every one is the same nobody has the authority to be a individual also the council of vocations determines there jobs life and future the people don’t have a choice whatever they choice they accept and that is it no discussion, the council of vocation has removed all individuality so when equality may have started to uncover the coated truth the council has another plan for him as known the council of vocations has an absolute rule when it comes to jobs and they assign equality to the home of the street sweepers because they want to keep him down. The council of vocations make equality a street sweeper because they hope to prevent him from developing his intelligence even more as they assumed that may have dumbed him down and get people to assume he is beneath them and this is achieved when the council makes a mockery of equality for wanting to join the world council of scholars “A street sweeper! A street sweeper walking upon the world council of scholars! It is not believed
Thoreau, Gandhi, and Mandela influenced equality in culture, social, and political. They wanted to be respected, fight oppression with passive resistance, and free their country from that oppression. Henry David Thoreau, introduced an idea of man as an individual, rather than a subject. Thoreau was a person that believed in civil disobedience and in justice. According to some investigation I made it indicated that Thoreau-inspired leaders for generations.
It emphasizes the importance of man as an individual being who has to rely solely on himself to survive in this vast world. He does this by self-reflection. This great insight of oneself leads to self-discovery. Furthermore, this helps him steer his desires and choices towards a certain direction. In brief, it is a philosophy of life that; taught man to question his existence and spoke of free will that controlled his life choices.
King was thrown in jail for disobeying a junction that his group was not allowed in. During his time there he wrote a letter to the Birmingham Jail accusing his own people. Regardless who was at fault, it was unconstitutional for the judge to tell this group of African Americans that it was illegal to speak their mind due to the first amendment. In his “I Have a Dream” speech he wrote to the white legislators justifying his actions. He understood that his group was in fact breaking the law.
My Thoughts: I found this quote to be extremely important and felt it connected back to Anaïs Nin’s section. It’s all about connecting with yourself within and knowing who you are. You have to be honest with yourself and know exactly who you are before you can live a good life. Meyers points out that its important to know who you truly are just based on personal reasons and for important cases like “moral and political autonomy”. What I took away from this quote was don’t get caught up in someone else’s group and remain silent but to tap into your true being and flourish.
Civil disobedience is defined as the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest. Antigone, written by the playwright Sophocles, depicts an act of civil disobedience when Antigone goes against what the King of Thebes; Creon, said because she believes that the action she will undergo is more important than the law. A similar action is carried out in “ Letter From A Birmingham Jail”, written by Martin Luther King Jr. Each of these pieces are prime examples of civil disobedience because they are both peaceful protest against the law. Going against the law or ones ruler is justified when they violate one 's moral code or beliefs. The short play, Antigone, written in 441 B.C.