The settling of the Northern Colonies began with the arrival of the Pilgrims, or Puritan separatists, to Plymouth. The Massachusetts Bay Colony, led by John Winthrop, was formed shortly after and became known as the "Bible Commonwealth" for its large religious influence. However, religious tensions began to arise with dissidents like Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams. The Rhode Island Colony was formed as a haven for these dissenters and exiles, and it became known as being strongly liberal and individualistic. The third New England colony, Connecticut, was led by Thomas Hooker and was the first to establish a "modern constitution" through the Fundamental Orders. The last northern colony, New Hampshire was created in 1679. Conflicts with the …show more content…
Not only had the population grown numerically, but America was now a melting pot of many cultures. In particular, the Scots-Irish was one group that left a significant impact. They led the Paxton Boys on their march on Philadelphia, to protest against the Quakers ' peaceful relations towards the Indians. In addition, the Regulator movement protested the unbalanced power that favored the Eastern North Carolinians. Passed by Britain, the Molasses Act attempted to restrict American international trade but the colonists proved that they wouldn 't blindly accept these restrictions anymore. The Great Awakening occurred during this time, reviving religious fervor with George Whitefield at the lead. As education in the North improved, figures such as Ben Franklin helped advance both literature and the scientific field. The idea of a democracy began to show signs with the introduction of the two-house legislative body, and would continue to develop as time went on. A unique American culture also started to develop, and this contributed to a growing sense of …show more content…
4. The main push factor for the New England colony was religious. Many of the initial colonists who settled at Plymouth were Puritans, who felt the Church of England was beyond reform and wanted to escape the religious persecution they received. The thought of a home of their own to start a family and begin a new life was a significant pull factor. The middle colonies had fertile soil, which was desirable for those who had skill in farming. Additionally, the middle colonies were much more diverse than dominantly-Puritan New England, attracting minorities who wanted to live in a religiously-tolerant area. The southern colonies had an economy almost purely based on agriculture with a warm climate that allowed for a long growing season. This was perfect for those who wanted to build large plantations to pass onto their children. The rich immigrants who came only
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The Middle and New England colonies have very similar social beliefs compared to the South. The South colonies have indentured servants and slaves. The New England and Middle colonies didn’t believe in inequality. Then there is the religious toleration. Although the New England colonies and Middle colonies have the same social beliefs, they do not tolerate those who have a different faith other than the Puritan lifestyle.
England’s first two successful colonies, Virginia and Plymouth, both had their own arrangement when it came to being successful. In 1607, 104 single young men landed in Virginia in a place they decided to name Jamestown. Around 1620, a total of 102 settlers which included families arrived in Massachusetts by way of the ship named Mayflower and they named the place Plymouth. In Jamestown, the newcomers were European people, while in Plymouth the groups of colonizers were known as Pilgrims.
The New England Colonies and the Middle colonies were founded similarly. The Puritans came to America to avoid being persecuted and to continue their belief system. William Penn founded Pennsylvania (hence the name of the state) because he wanted a safe heaven for all of the Quakers. For the North Colonies they didn’t have to rely on growing crops because their soil wasn’t good and the weather conditions weren’t good for growing crops. On the other hand, The Southern Colonies relied on their soil to grow crops.
The 13 Colonies are broken down into 3 parts, Middle, Southern, and New England Colonies. There were many similarities and differences between all of the 13 Colonies. Many of them ranging from their climate and geography to the role women and African Americans played. A variety of people came from all around the world to the 13 Colonies for many different reasons. In the Middle Colonies, there was a very diverse population.
As colonies were being founded in the early 1600's, religion was a key factor in determining laws. Massachusetts was established in 1620 by Pilgrims. These Pilgrims had fled England to avoid religious persecution. However, The New World was not their first stop. The Pilgrims originally traveled to New Amsterdam, where they were tolerated.
Starting with the development of New England (One of the British colonies in North America), the founders of New England were Pilgrims who founded Plymouth in 1620. These Pilgrims wanted to find The Promised Land, they wanted success. They left on a ship called Mayflower as permission granted by Virginia. 35 Saints and 65 Strangers were on the Mayflower on their journey. They arrived on Plymouth when they accidently went off course.
No one reason can be given for any event in history—in colonial times, North America was settled for a multitude of reasons. Although escape from religious persecution or the desire to expand a religion was one reason, economic concerns and the want for wealth comprised the majority of Britain 's intent to settle colonies in North America. Early European exploration of Asia and Africa was driven by trade and economics; because religion was a large part of daily life back then and into the years of American settlement by Europeans, explorers would cite it as their inspiration. The earliest settlements were motivated by an economic depression in England. Later, the first colonies of New England were settled by wealthy Puritans looking to create
The New England colonies include Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, and Connecticut. The first settlers that came into the New England colonies were the Puritans who wanted to practice religious freedom. Unfortunately, most of these colonies are not tolerant of other religions. The self-government economy is based on religious beliefs. Finally, the colonies rely on fishing and shipbuilding since the soil and long winters are unsuitable for farming.
Seeking to reform and purify the Church of England, the Puritans migrated to New England to build an ideal Christian colony. In the beginning of the Puritan colonization in America, John Winthrop confronted many challenges. With difficult problems repeatedly arising, Winthrop was able to overcome them, as governor and leader, by approval of many. Migrating as families to New England, the Puritans felt compelled to battle the world’s impurities. Winthrop knew England was under the shadow of God’s wrath with all of the corruption of the government.
The Jamestown colony came to establish English power in the New World and to explore the New World and also to plunder the Portuguese ships passing with slaves and other important cargo. The Plymouth colony, which consisted of all Puritans, came because King Charles I was persecuting the Puritans in England. In other words, the Puritans wanted religious freedom, so their only option was to come to the New World to avoid death. Also, Jamestown colony was there to go back and forth from England and stay under the reign of the King. The Plymouth colony came to stay and escape the reign of King Charles
Like Jamestown, Plymouth provided a good port and an excellent harbor but was very cold compared to the southern colonies. The cold weather prevented the spread of life threatening diseases, but it unfortunately still killed many people. The hilly, rocky soil limited the amount of farming that the New England colonists could do. With such short growing seasons, the northerners weren’t able to export agricultural products like the southern colonies were able to do. They instead imported their agricultural products and focused their skills on lumbering, shipbuilding, fishing, and trade.
Massachusetts was founded by John Winthrop and other Puritans John Winthrop eventually became the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Rhode Island: From the beginning, Rhode Island has been distinguished by its support for freedom of conscience and action. Clergyman Roger Williams founded the present state capitol, Providence, after being exiled by the Massachusetts Bay Colony Puritans in 1636. The Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations was one the original 13 colonies established on the east coast of North America.
The differences in the economy in the three different regions of the thirteen colonies were determined by both the people who went there and the environment. The environment limited how the economy was based because an agricultural economy needs good ground for growing, so without good soil, the economy would have to be based on industry. In the New England colonies (Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Vermont, Connecticut, and Rhode Island), the economy was dependent on their industries, not their agriculture. The Middle Colonies (New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware) were equally dependent on industry as they were on agriculture. The Southern Colonies (Maryland, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, Virginia, and Georgia) depended on selling their
New England’s founders were strict Puritans who did not have much tolerance for any religion except their own. Over time, as more and more immigrants came with increasingly diverse beliefs, the once stable foundation began to crack. Conflicts broke out and certain religious groups were banished which led to the development of other nearby colonies, for example Rhode Island and Connecticut. In the Chesapeake region, it was easier and there was not as much controversy over religion. The area started out as a refuge for Catholics, but over time many Protestants immigrated there and soon became the majority.
2. There were many factors that led to the English colonization, personally I believe the economic outweighed the religious. The main religious factor involved was Protestant Christianity, and the forcing of the beliefs on both the English and the Native Americans. The English Puritans were beginning to lose freedoms at home, thus they fled. Along with the religious factors were the long list of economic factors.