The Plymouth Bay colony was made up of pilgrims from England who were trying to escape religious prosecution. This colony developed differently from the southern colonies because of the geography and their religious beliefs. In New England., the geography was very different from Chesapeake Bay. The soil was much more rocky, and unlike the southern colonies, the Chesapeake Bay did not have a long growing season. This meant the Chesapeake Bay colonies could not grow cash crops.
Chesapeake, being spread out, made it hard to have an established government and religion. Though their loosely established church was Anglican, the people in the Chesapeake region rarely attended church or practiced any form of religion. Roger Williams was concerned that not having a set religion would cause conflicts between people(Doc G). The lack of uniformity in Chesapeake was not only a concern of Williams but many people. New England was able to create a completely different land.
Cooperation and hard work were part of the Pilgrim's lifestyle. Nevertheless, they too were plagued with hunger, disease, and environmental hazards. The Pilgrims were dissenters from the Church of England and established the Puritan or Congregational Church. Since New England was outside the jurisdiction of Virginia's government, the Pilgrims established a self-governing agreement of their own, the "Mayflower Compact." Prior to the Pilgrims' arrival, an epidemic wiped out the majority of the New England Indians.
Roger Williams might be well notorious for being the new founder of the state Rhode Island. When he first settled a colony in Narragansett, a settlement in Rhode Island, one of his many principles was that there should be a separation between church and state colonies. Many individuals made the decision to move to Rhode Island–– due to their religious freedom. Jews, Baptists, and even Quakers decided to join this movement. A good proportion of settlers confiscated lands, which belonged to Native Americans; however, Roger Williams made an impactful decision that no one should be allowed to confiscate them.
Coming to the New World with little knowledge was difficult for those like Captain John Smith and William Bradford. Both men came to the Americas in search of new land and a better place. They were both English and had Christian faith. Although they both wanted to take over the New World they each had their reason on coming to the New World. Their trip to the New World was difficult due to the struggles with diseases and the lack of supplies they had.
However, the biggest difference with the Chesapeake region’s inhabitants was that the Puritans didn’t aim primarily for economic benefit or trade. They wanted to create pure, moral Christian society based on moral living. By hard working, integration of religion in politics, and social development of certain lifestyle practices, Puritans had a large influence on the development of the New England colonies from 1630s through the 1660s. Puritans believed in hard work as the pathway of success since they thought they were favored by God to succeed (Doc I). They tried to shun idleness and believed that being lazy is not profitable (Doc C).
2. There were many factors that led to the English colonization, personally I believe the economic outweighed the religious. The main religious factor involved was Protestant Christianity, and the forcing of the beliefs on both the English and the Native Americans. The English Puritans were beginning to lose freedoms at home, thus they fled. Along with the religious factors were the long list of economic factors.
The Puritans were English Protestants who believed that the alterations of the Church of England did not go far enough. In their view the church was too Catholic. In England, the Puritans were people of political influence, but King Charles did not agree with their attempts to reform the church. There seemed to be no hope for them but to leave England because they were being persecuted. They believed in America they could establish a colony whose government, society, and church were all bases on the Bible.
In attempt to protest the colonists made the situation worse, in 1774 the Parliament passed the Intolerable Acts. The act consisted of various rules; the closing of Boston Harbor, the Quartering act, and Boston was to be put under martial law (). The outcome was negative, many colonists felt that the law violated their natural rights as if they had no voice. The Intolerable Acts violated the people's privacy by the quartering act, colonist were forced to take care of troops in their own home. () Shutting down Boston Harbor hurt many tea companies and in order to reopen it, the colonists had to repay the damage, which was almost impossible.
Around the time when America was discovered, there were many critical changes in Europe. Here were some factors that caused England to become slow in exploration and colonization. First, English people had a very little experience in overseas trading. In addition, hearing that there was a bad relationship between the American Indians and the Spaniards also discouraged their interests. Second, there were many religious disputes and reformations during that period, which caused many conflicts between the protestants and the Catholics.