African Americans should not have to be scared to go outside any day thinking they might not make it home. African Americans feel targeted in today’s society because so many innocent African Americans are being incarcerated, shot, and killed. Since 2001, it is 6.1 times likelier to be incarcerated as a black man than a white man. This is all because of skin color. Black Lives Matter (BLM) was a group created to raise awareness for the heinous acts the have presented itself to the black community
The technology advancements alone have led to several cold cases freeing the wrongfully convicted. What are some of the contributing factors wrongful convictions? There is no way to make a right for the justice system can do for those wrongfully convicted. The loss of time however, there have been some initiatives about compensation for the errors that have happen. The public opinion is so strong when it comes to catching these criminals.
Life behind bars would be one of the lowest points in life for many Americans, but according to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics, one in one-hundred-and-ten adults are in a correctional facility. These people are putting themselves or others in harm’s way, and rightfully lose some civil rights due to their actions. I would say the majority of society would not want murderers or rapists roaming the streets, but what if someone was convicted of a non-violent marijuana offense? Are they just as much of a danger to society as the prior offenders mentioned? The “war on drugs” is made out to be one of the largest causes of mass incarcerations in the United States, but difficulties within legislation, the prison-industrial complex, and lack of
Discussion 8 My observation, regarding continuing racial inequality, would be the overwhelming population of African Americans in the prison I recently toured. I was standing alongside my Criminal Law professor, and we were both commenting about the racial disparity. No doubt, the men who are in prison have done something to be there, but are their crimes any less heinous than any other man arrested for the same offense, but given less time? Labels and selective perception plays a significant role in the placing of certain individuals in “boxes.” For consideration, law enforcement tend to respond to the higher crime areas which are the poorer neighborhoods. Would the higher population of African American males decrease in our prisons if the
The main idea that Marc Mauer was discussing during his lecture was about the American prison system needs to be fix. America has the largest prisoner population in a develop country. The main issue is that people of color has a greater chance to be in jail because the environment they were raised in. Some people of higher class have the income to help them not receive any sentences while a person of color may have a greater chance to go to jail due to the lack of access of resources. People who are send to jail they receive a harsh prison sentence because some places have a three strike system.
Citizens not only experience discrimination in the work field, they also experience it at school, stores, movies, theaters, or while seeking health care. Recently, the biggest outrage of discrimination has been by police brutality towards innocent black or minority citizens. According to the Washington Post, 908 people have been assaulted, shot, and brutally murdered by police in 2016, most of which are native American, black, or Hispanic. The 14th amendment’s purpose is meant to protect all citizens of the United States, disregarding race, but why has no justice been served to the deaths of these innocent
The prison system in the U.S. is dysfunctional because of racial inequality and unfair drug laws. The institution of the government deals with dysfunction through the prison system. The manifest functions of the prison is to reduce crime rates. Whether someone goes to prison and then decides not to commit a crime again after they are released or the thought of having to go to prison deters someone all together from committing a crime the prison has done its job. The latent functions of the The Bureau of justice statistics show that one in three black men can expect to go to prison in their life.
The Black Lives Matter campaign fights over African American equality in the the area of police arrests. This campaign states that the level of African Americans arrested and in some cases shot, is significantly higher than white levels. This campaign can also become violent though, In August of 2016, the campaign targeted white families and burned their houses and cars in the area of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Additionally, North Carolina government passed a law against transgender citizens. The law stated that transgender people are to use the bathroom of the gender they were born with, not the gender they identify as.
73 year old Alvin Moore was represented Miranda in his trial. They lose first instance, In July 1963, Ernesto Miranda was finally sentenced to 20 to 30 years in prison for the kidnapping and rape of Lois Ann Jamesonthe. In every state in America, there is at last one higher court to which a person can appeal his conviction. In Arizona, in 1963, there was only one level of appeal, the Arizona Supreme Court, Moore appeal the case , Alvin Moore pointed out that police had not observed proper procedure in their arrest and interrogation of Miranda. Moore was convinced that the police had used Miranda’s ignorance of his rights to their advantage and that they had manipulated him into witnessing against himself ,Moore and Miranda also lose this court ,because One of the key procedures of an appellate court is to review earlier court cases to see how those cases might relate to the case under review .this cases was : Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) and Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), they involved some similar
Besides detainees being directly affected by overcrowded prison, it has an adverse effect on society, due to detainees being victim of recidivism. As agreed by United States Sentencing Commission (2016), “nearly half (49.3%) of such offenders were rearrested within eight years for either a new crime or for some other violation of the condition of their probation or release conditions”. The study additionally states that “almost one-third (31.7%) of the offenders were also reconvicted, and one-quarter (24.6%) of the offenders were reincarcerated over the same study period”. This to imply that society is surrounded by former law-breaker who never got a chance to change their sinful habits. Some of the victim of recidivism, according to United States Sentencing Commission
There are about 5,000 to 8,000 members in the U.S. today. Trial of Josephus Anderson was when an African American was charged with murder of a white police officer. The local KKK was upset because they didn’t reach a verdict, they believed that they couldn’t because some of the jury members were African American On May 17th, 2000, the FBI announced the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church Bombing was done by the KKK splinter group (Cahaba Boys). There were 4 men involved Robert Chambliss, Herman Cash, Thomas Blanton and Bobby Cherry. Cash was dead, Blanton and Cherry were arrested.
However, is incarceration the answer to who society deems a menace, absolutely not. The overrepresentation of men and women of color, and people incarcerated for drug offenses are the effect of some changes that were made in the list forty years. Most of the people who are in prison are in prison for a reason, and that reason is because of sentencing policy. It is worth mentioning the jail and prison is sometimes the answer, however it should not be the answer for some low-level offenders. The recent laws and policy are the reasons why the prison and jail population have increased, and why people stay for longer.
In February 2012, a 28-year-old man followed a 17-year-old youth and killed him on a residential street. The youth hadn’t done anything; he did not commit a crime, and he hadn’t provoked the older man. He was shot simply because he seemed “suspicious.” This was the story of Trayvon Martin’s death in Sanford, Florida at the hands of George Zimmerman (Cooper). Zimmerman, the killer, is a white man while Trayvon was an innocent black youth. While Trayvon’s death was a tragedy, it was also an example of violent racism in the United States.
Beside restorative justice, mass incarceration acts as another solution to decrease the amount of crime, yet it should be limited. There has been a longstanding debate over the effectiveness of correctional institutions. Some argue that incarceration deters offenders while others argue that the experience of being incarcerated causes individuals to continue in their life of crime. According to Bruce Western, a professor of sociology and director of the Malcolm Wiener Center, the drastically increase amount of incarceration resulted from problems such as harming prisoners, families, and social groups. He indicates, “Black are seven times more likely to be incarcerated than whites, and large racial disparities can be seen for all age groups and
The Los Angeles riots began on April 29, 1992. The riots started because four white police officers beat Rodney King, an African American. Rodney had been pulled over by police after an eight-mile chase and then refused to get to the ground. A man had videotaped the scene and it was broadcasted in the United States (Wallenfeldt). Jeff Wallenfeldt, the author of the article published on Britannica, wrote, “Although many Angelenos in the late 20th century prided themselves on their city’s ethnic diversity, there was a strong feeling on Los Angeles’s minority communities that the city’s predominantly white police force practiced racial profiling and engaged in racist brutality against African Americans and Hispanics” (Wallenfeldt).