Right after the Civil war, America was rebuilding itself. Arising along the rebuilding was unemployment. Thousands of people were jobless and had families to feed. Once big, industrialist-led companies starting employing, people scrambled to get a job at these companies. Although many people were being employed and paid, working conditions were very hazardous and payment was unfair.
On a Sadler Commision report on child labor it is stated to us the horrifying inhumane conditions that the children were put through everyday. They suffered from low pay even after working for long hours, treated with cruelty and violence even when they were working their hardest, and most importantly they had no time for education. In both interviews the machinery were said to be very unsafe, polluted, tight, and extremely dirty. In addition to that life threatening injuries were common because the factories were not kept clean and with everyone crammed into one small, closed, hot space to work, diseases were easy to catch. (The Industrial Revolution 145-147) According to Perry, Capitalism caused many people hardship and pain especially the working class who suffered pay cuts because machines were starting to replace human power.
It has been argued that the factory systems developed during the Industrial Revolution are responsible for the modern cities we know today. The Industrial Revolution changed material production, labor patterns and population distribution. People migrated from rural areas to urban areas, but their lives in cities changed drastically. The growth of cities led to horrible living conditions. Despite its many positive effects, industrialization had a negative impact on Europe too.
The Industrial Revolution witnessed the evolution of large urban centers, such as Boston and New York City. It changed society from agrarian to mechanical, which further moved jobs to larger cities. As every coin has two sides, there are negative sides to this. Primarily, it caused severe pollution. The environment condition was bad with smokes surrounding them.
The Gilded Age was a time of good and bad economic growth. In America during post civil war times, years 1870 to 1900, the nation was prospering on the surface, but was corrupt underneath; large businesses took control of the economy, changed society, and influenced politics nefariously. By the end of the nineteenth century, monopolies and trusts exercised a significant degree of control over key aspects of the American economy. Carnegie used vertical integration to take over the steel industry. He then set up a mega trust with Rockefeller, who was in the gas and oil industry, JP Morgan, who was a banker, and Vanderbilt, who was high up in the railroad industry.
Because of this, workers were not only the “slaves of the bourgeois class, and of the bourgeois State” but they were “daily and hourly enslaved by the machine, by the onlooker, and, above all, by the individual bourgeois manufacturer himself” (16). According to the communist position, the worker was worse off because of the innovation and use of
They were the ones to suffer the blow. Wages for those who labored in factories were low and working conditions could be dangerous and monotonous. Unskilled workers had little job security and were easily replaceable. Children were part of the labor force and often worked long hours and were used for such highly hazardous tasks as cleaning the machinery. In the early 1860s, an estimated one-fifth of the workers in Britain’s textile industry were younger than 15.
Imperialism allowed for America to gain more power by taking over territories aggressively. In the Gilded Age from 1865 to 1900, farmers and industrial workers responded significantly to industrialization by forming alliances and movements. From 1865 to 1900, the farmers responded to industrialization significantly by forming alliances and movements. The farmers responded by creating the Farmer’s Alliance. The Farmer’s
The period from 1865 to 1900 was characterized by an astronomical boom in industry and manufacturing, economic growth for the rich, financial turmoil for the poor, and political corruption. As a result, the era has been named “The Gilded Age.” Just as something gilded is gold on the outside but worthless metal on the inside, these years seemed prosperous from an outside perspective, when in reality, the wealth gap was increasing at an alarming rate and big business had power over government officials. As a result of this, a lot of federal legislation was influenced by monopolies and often catered to the desires of businessmen. Since regulation of certain business practices would cause these trusts to lose money, Congress shied away from regulating
Starting at the top of the hierarchy, we see how the financially well off were rarely affected by a social tragedy. They were effectively isolated from the outside world were the real work and progress was made and at the same time, they were almost immune to disease and other atrocities that gripped the working class. Lawmakers were trying to make progress for public health through sanitation reform and waste management but the lack of understanding within this community prevented progress and often made situations worse for the citizens. Working class people lived a grim life for the most part. Living in cramped and dirty homes, they were the real victims of this industrial age.
11. The War of 1812 stimulated the national economy by allowing America to continue economic growth and territorial expansion. Republicans had hopes for a simple agrarian society. The war exposed the inefficiency of the transportation and financial systems. It also caused the growth of manufacturing by cutting off imports, producing chaos in shipping and banking.
In the early 1900s, The U.S. had faced a lot of problem. The overcrowded cities as a result of too much immigration was one of the major problem. There were too much competition to find a job for most of those who weren’t wealthy, so most of them have to work even in the worst condition with the least wages. The working condition was terrible there were too many workers, and business owners who were interested to pay the least wages to get the most profit. Workers had to work hard to keep their job and be able to pay their bills.
Workers were exploited as it was few rules about how much a person could be paid and what factors would go towards being fired. Also many jobs were extremely dangerous and if you died there was no compensate for your family. And the amount of money generated by the Industrial Revolution created a class of rich individuals who were hopelessly
After the labor unions won, workers worked less, and they still had the same salary. However, the economic crises in 1837 collapsed the labor unions because of economic hard times, and with immigrants coming in surplus willing to work for cheap, regular people could not compete and thus had to work at the beckon of the factories. Labor unions worked when the economy was resilient, but when the economy was shocked, everyone was too afraid of demanding more when there were those willing to work for