It involved the Sioux and Northern Cheyenne against the U.S. As gold was discovered in the area, settlers began to encroach onto Native American lands. The Agreement of 1877 annexed Sioux land and permanently established Indian reservations. No regard was given to the effects the agreement would have on the cultures of the Native American people. The Oglala Lakota is an example of a native community still dealing with this legacy.
In 1830, the Indian Removal Act was signed, forcing the Indians to move west of the Mississippi River. 4,000 of the 15,000 Cherokees died along the trail of tears, meaning over 25% of the Cherokees died. Although they did not want to leave their land, they had to because of President Jackson. The Indians should not have been forced off their land. President Jackson did not treat the Indians fairly, the land belonged to the Indians, and the Indians rights were being violated.
The Whites benefited from it by gaining more land but was also a consequence because the Indians still, hunted and raided on the territory. The reason the Indians didn’t abide by the treaty was the fact that they thought that the land couldn’t be owned. They thought the treaty was nonsense but signed anyway it to get free food. The next year President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act of 1862. The Homestead Act promoted westward expansion and further displaced Indians.
For example, Document 14.2, Description of Custer’s Battlefield (1876) by General Philip Sheridan, talks about Custer’s battle against the Cheyenne and Sioux indians in Battle of Little Bighorn. The battle started when the U.S. army chose to ignore all previous treaties and invade the native American lands in search of gold. In response to the betrayal, the Sioux and Cheyenne indians joined forces and outnumbered Custer’s army. Nevertheless, choosing to ignore all previous treaties with Indians caused distrust between Americans and Natives Americans. The action of trying to constantly take land from the natives was a factor that led to the hostile relationship between the Americans and Natives.
The Trail of Tears was part of the Indian-removal process. The federal government drove out fifteen thousand Creeks from their land with promises of money and concessions. All across America, nearly a quarter of a million Native Americans, who eventually were stripped of their land by immigrants from Europe, lived happily in the Americas. In the early 1830’s, America was prosperous with natives. By the late 1830’s; however, barely any natives remained in the southeast of the United States.
The salmon was a very important food source for the Chinook, and it plays a large role in the Chinook sense of identity. Let’s compare the Chinook to a group of Native Americans on the opposite coast: the Penobscot people in Maine. The Penobscot also derived meaning from the animals they hunted, although the animals were different. The Penobscot hunted beavers, otters, moose, bears, and caribou. The Penobscot were also skilled canoe builders, but they used a different method than the Chinook.
The Sioux Indians were a powerful tribe with a rich history. The sioux we nomadic which meant they moved from place to another. They followed the pattern of buffalo which assured them there will be enough food and clothing. The Sioux tribe were well known for their hunting and warrior culture.
As Americans moved westward they would hunt Buffalo for fun which killed Natives Buffalo. A population map shows the population of non-Indians and Indian population during the time the Americans started to really expand west.
There were some 15,000 captives that were still to be removed. There were draught and poor sanitation that made life very miserable. Very many of them died. The National Council of Cherokee and Chief Ross tried to plead with General Scott to permit the remaining Cherokees to wait till the weather was better for them to be moved. They also wanted to oversee their removal.
We the Americans treated the Native Americans as if they were animals. Others might says that they were in our land or that we wanted it because the gold there was our gold not their gold. Truth is they did not want it for the gold they wanted it because that is where there ancestors died and are buried there. They were living there so we can 't just tell people that they can not live somewhere and rip them out of their land and
The slaughter of the bison played a big factor in the Plains Indian’s removal to the reservations. The bison was a way of life for the nomadic tribes of the plains; it was a source of food, shelter, fuel, and a central part of their religion and rituals (Roark 540). While a way of life for the Indians, bison for the white Americans were not. Even though the army took credit for the conquest of the Plains Indians, it was mostly the destruction of the bison herd that the victory is due to (Roark 540). In 1867, more than five thousand Comanches, Kiowas, and Southern Arapahos gathered at Medicine Lodge Creek in Kansas to negotiate a treaty, and signed the treaty agreeing to move to reservations (Roark 540).
After fighting a losing battle against the English settlers, Native Americans found themselves cornered with the passage of the Indian Appropriations Act of 1851. Authorizing the creation of Indian areas in what is now Oklahoma, the native population was once again forced into even smaller fields of land called reservations. The U.S. government made several promises to provide the tribal members with food and supplies, but fell short in keeping them. In addition, there were strict limitations on the Native Americans ability to hunt, fish, and gather food. With all of these restrictions in place, the Americans were given the upper hand in terms of controlling the Indians.