To many people the Space Race was one of the most important events of the 1900’s. It started during the cold war when the Soviets and America were racing to get the first ever man on the moon. In order for America to accomplish this goal, there had to be an ambitious president in office. Fortunately for America, John F Kennedy wanted to win this Space Race more than anyone in the United States. On September 12, 1962; John F Kennedy gathered the nation at Rice stadium in Houston Texas to give a speech about the Space Race.
Neil Armstrong’s famous line,”That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind” caused more than just excitement, the famous line created disbelief of the occurrence. After Armstrong planted the American Flag into the surface, the President was quick to receive the astronauts call and speak about what was happening. The planting of the flag was a symbolic moment for not only the United States, but for all of mankind because of the significance of the mission. Doors to space exploration were opened for the future the second their feet touched the lunar surface. Stanley Cubrick, a famous film making personnel from the 60's, was brought into the attention of many.
The Space Race refers to the 20th century competition for dominance of space flight capability during the Cold War between the Soviet Union and the United States. They both sought to prove their superiority in its technology, military power, and extensively their political-economic systems. Between 1957 and 1975, space programs were established and man was sending satellites and their own people into space. The Space Race impacted both countries and paved the way for current technologies used today. On October 1, 1957, the Soviet Union launched its first satellite.
It put the USA’s and the USSR’s space/rocket development programs up against each other to put the first man in space and then onto the moon. The Space Race had its roots in the Arms Race and the Nuclear Rocket Program. As more and more money was piled into the Race it finally bore fruit for the Soviets on October 4, 1957, “a Soviet R-7 intercontinental ballistic missile launched Sputnik, the world’s first artificial satellite and the first man-made object to be placed into the Earth’s orbit” (The Space Race). The Americans put their own up the following year, Explorer 1, in the next 12 years’ great steps would be made in the field of Rocket propulsion systems and man would go into space, finally culminating with Neal Armstrong landing on the Moon in 1969. All these steps in Space exploration would never have been possible if the USA and USSR had not been continuously trying to improve on their own rocket systems in order to get ahead of each other in the Cold War.
In the Peace Corps, Americans can volunteer to work anywhere in the world where assistance is needed. Another major issue Kennedy addressed was trying to beat the soviets to space. He asked congress to approve more than 22 billion dollars for project Apollo, which would land astronauts on the moon. Making him the first president to send people to space and to ask for 22 billion dollars. He was also known for taking part in the Cuban Missil crisis.
The first humans on the moon captivated and put many in shock while they watch it on their televisions all around the world. President Kennedy’s goal transpired as the moon landing took place on July 20th, 1969. Before the moon landing planning, President Kennedy wanted the nation to commit in space developments because the United States trailed after Soviet Union. In many articles relating to the Apollo 11 event, the sources informed their audience using rhetoric (logos, pathos, ethos) and very detailed. Furthermore, the overall man on the moon event has multiple points of views on importance and greatness, although the event shows worthlessness.
Firstly, the author claims that because of the many technological advances due to the "Space Race", a commitment to a manned mission to Mars will produce similar results. Although there are many similarities between committing to sending a man to the moon and to sending a man to mars, it false for the author to assume that there will be similar technological and humanitarian advances. The 1960's is a very different time period from today and as a result, it is unknown whether a manned mission to Mars will prove to be a worthy investment. Additionally, a large part of the "space Race" can be attributed to the competition between the USSR and the USA during the Cold War. The competition for becoming the leader in space technology was very fierce and was very politically driven, allowing for huge amounts of money to be invested in space technology.
When JFK took his presidency many believed that the US would loose the space race to the USSR, but in this speech he showed how many technological advancements we have achieved over the years; the printing press, steam engines, electric lights, telephones, automobiles, penicillin, nuclear power. He addressed that some people thought we should wait, that we were not ready to go into space, and explore the moon. But he mentioned that this country was not built on waiting, it was built on those who moved forward and conquered their fears. Many people did not believe that going to the moon could be achieved.
On September 12, 1962, at Rice University in Houston Texas, John F. Kennedy gave a powerful speech to garner support for the funding of the space race for the USA. He stated the importance of putting a man on the moon before the end of the decade in its efforts against the Soviet Union and the expectation was met in 1969 by the astronaut Neil Armstrong. His speech forged a new path that the US was heading and inherently started the revolution of the exploration of outer space. Kennedy’s “Moon Speech” makes use of ethos and Kairos to persuade the people of America to become interested in and invest in the ongoing space race. A very important factor in JFK’s speech was his effective use of rhetoric, notably ethos, which he used to make himself become more believable and authoritative.
government actions during the beginning of the space race was the establishment of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). A few short months after Sputnik the U.S. attempted to launch its own Vanguard satellite. The rocket lifted off the pad at Cape Canaveral, FL and blew up shortly after. It was clear that the U.S. needed a more organized approach to winning the race against Russia. Therefore, President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act in 1958, which established NASA as America’s leading entity in in space utilization.
An astronaut named Yuri Gagarin was launched in space, known as the first man outside the Earth’s orbit in the spacecraft Vostok I. These incidents hurt the pride and ego that caused the American’s to take a step at such drastic measures even though they faced many failures in the space race. The events in the space race still continue… After this incident years went by and finally the day arrived where America will take the upper hand. Apollo 11 was launched into space in July 20th, 1965. The space craft was named The Eagle.
The beginning of the Space Race began with the Soviet Union’s successful launch of Sputnik in October of 1957. Shortly after in 1961, President John F. Kennedy gave his famous space exploration speech to Congress. In it, he asked for more resources so that the United States could send a man to the moon and bring him back to Earth safely before the decade was out. With the Soviet Union being the first initially in every major milestone, the United States knew it needed to respond quickly. President Kennedy’s speech to Congress kicked off one of the most expensive and ambitious adventures this country has ever done.
The Apollo program was a series of planned, manned space flight missions with the ultimate goal of sending a man from the United States to the moon before the Russians could send their own person. The mission that landed the first people on the moon was Apollo 11. This mission became famous worldwide as people watched the first steps Neil Armstrong took on the moon from the television. This momentous event changed the tide of the space race and it displayed that America was superior in space technology, programs and showed that the United States was the true world power. The United States did beat the Russians to the moon in the end; despite the Russians having launched their satellites into space first.
The two countries wanted to prove their technology, military power, economic system, and political system. The space race was a part of the Cold War. The space race began as the Soviet Union sent Sputnik and the first man into space. Sputnik was launched on October 04, 1957. Sputnik is world’s first artificial satellite.
There’s also tracks where a Lunar Model has been, and Neil Armstrong 's footprints. Lot’s of other countries including the Soviet Union, and Russia were tracking Apollo 11. Did the war make us feel the need to win the space race? Now time for my rebuttal. How do you know it was the lunar buggy that left that mark?