Three Major Court Cases

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The first major court case to influence our treatment of juveniles today was the Kent v. United States. The case overall, made an impact on the treatment of juveniles today because now juveniles have a right to an attorney, the parents must be notified and either parents or a lawyer must be present during an interrogation, and juveniles must be reminded of his or her right to silence. The main thing that this case influenced was that courts must allow juveniles the right to defend themselves and to be heard when transferring a juvenile over to the adult system. A second major court case was In re Gault. The case made an impact on the treatment of juveniles today because juveniles now have four basic constitutional rights when they are to be …show more content…

A Fourth major court case was Breed v. Jones because it prevents juveniles of becoming victims to double jeopardy (being tried more than once for the same type of crime) in the court system. A fifth major court case was McKeiver v. Pennsylvania, In re Terry, and In re Barbara Burrus. This case made an impact on the treatment of juveniles today because jury trials of juveniles are not constitutionally needed.

• How are status offenders handled in the juvenile system?
Status offenders in the juvenile system can either be placed with other delinquents in correctional settings or be jurisdictionally retained.
Who are the major juvenile courtroom players, and what is the role of each?
The major juvenile courtroom players are:
Judge- The judge decides what the legal issues are that are brought before the court.
Referee- The referee assists the judge in the case and are sometimes called “primary hearing officers”.
Defense attorney- The defense attorney helps to defend the juvenile and aids the court with finding the proper solution to the

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