The case that sparked my interest on equal protection was Mississippi University for Women v. Hogan. This case allowed Joe Hogan, a registered nurse enrollment in two state supported coeducational nursing programs, but denied him enrollment in the Mississippi University for Women’s School of Nursing’s baccalaureate program, on the grounds that he was a male.
One of the biggest issues with NCAA sports is should college athletes be able to unionize and play. According to their website, The NCAA is an organization that represents over 1,100 colleges and universities from the Division 1, Division 2, and Division 3 Level (ncaa.org). In addition, The NCAA doled out more than $2.7 billion in athletic scholarships along with other resources, student-athletes can utilize (ncaa.org). Although the NCAA generates mass revenue, only the top programs are usually profitable while most schools operate at the institution cost (Mitchell & Edelman, 2013). I believe college athletes should not be unionized or paid to play college sports. If colleges were to be unionized and paying student-athletes, the money to pay
Title IX was signed into law in 1972 and it required equality for male and female students in each educational program and activity that received federal funding. This means that universities had to offer sports that women could participate in. The reasons Title IX came into being was a demand from Women’s Rights organizations for equal opportunities.
Title IX has had a huge effect on public school education. In fact the impact is so great I could not list them all. For the sake of time I will list the biggest one and that is the impact on women’s athletics. In 1971 only 15% of the athletes in college were women. In 2012 that number is 43%. Title nine requires athletic programs to be equivalent to enrollment. The number of sports programs for each sex should reflect the ratio of students enrolled in the school. With more women attending college the need for more sports programs has grown dramatically. I don’t want to get in a political discussion about schools who have cut men’s programs so I will only speak on schools who have added women’s programs. This opportunity has not only improved
The programs created by Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society aimed to improve the country by eradicating poverty and social injustice. The education system contributes to systematic oppression. A good education is crucial to gaining success in the United States; education is also very expensive and not always accessible to those who cannot afford it. With Ⅳ titles, the Higher Education Act (HEA) was established in September of 1965 as the first solution to the issue of accessibility. It provided the federal scholarships and started programs like Upward Bound and Talent Search to find needy students and give them the scholarships they required in order to attend a college or university. Before the HEA, little attention was given to making higher
The policies of Title IX is a problem that has been an issue pushed under the rug for years and it needs to be revised. Men’s teams shouldn’t have to be cut, all it takes is changes within the universities and a public voice. Spreading the word about Title IX and the negative effects will open the eyes of politicians, courts, and the universities. If everyone started a trend on social media and put pressure on the colleges, they could make a plan to reverse the negative effects. Challenging and changing the impurities of Title IX won’t make genders’ in athletics unequal, but balanced and ultimately just.
Title IX is a great law that help women get the same rights in education as men. Title IX has been active for over forty years and has been helping women achieve equality. Title IX is a law that stops sex discrimination and helps break down the barriers that women once had difficulty getting passed. This essay will be showing how Title IX is fair to men and women. This essay will show how Title IX is fair and show the claims on Title IX. Some aspects of Title IX will tell you which side you will decide on.
The Title IX is a law that requires all education programs, mainly sports, that are federally funded to have gender equality. In 1906 the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) was created for formatting and enforcing rules in men's football, but it soon became the ruling body for college athletics. The NCAA was great for men but not so much for women, women did not get athletic scholarships and there were no championships for women's teams. In 1972 the Title IX was signed by President Nixon and passed, allowing more women to join sports teams and get college degrees. Currently there are more than 2.6 million girl athletes in high school and more than 150,000 in college. The Title IX is a law requires all education programs, mainly sports, that are federally funded to have gender equality. In 1906 the NCAA (National Collegiate Athletic Association) was created for formatting and enforcing rules in men's football, but it soon became the ruling body for college athletics. The NCAA was great for men but not so much for women, women did not get athletic scholarships and there were no championships for women's teams. In 1972 the Title IX was signed by President Nixon and passed, allowing more women to join sports teams and get college degrees. Currently there are more than 2.6 million girl athletes in high school and more than 150,000 in
As Birch Bayh once said, “Title IX is simple: don’t discriminate on the basis of sex (Birch).” According to The United States Department of Justice, Title IX is a comprehensive federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity (“Overview”). Prior to the enactment of Title IX in 1972, “Only one in 27 girls played high school sports and there were virtually no college scholarships for female athletes” (“Before”). Forty years later the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) surveyed the number of college athletes in 2010-2011 and there were 252,946 men and 191,131 women participating in college level sports (NCAA). Title IX has helped women all around the country by creating more athletic opportunities in universities and education systems in general. Title IX has
"No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance” (Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972). Forty-three years ago, a federal law was passed to eliminate gender inequality among schools. Title IX, among the Education Amendments of 1972, became the first federal law to prohibit sex discrimination in schools and education. The law covers both women and men, who are involved in any educational institution or program that has received or is currently receiving federal funds. Before Title IX was passed, women and young girls were usually excluded from any athletic opportunity that they had. Since the law was passed, women and girls have increased opportunities to participate and the rate has increased exponentially. Greater numbers of participation are shown in more elite competitions including the Olympics, World Championships, and Professional leagues, and stunning achievements have been made. However, many schools across the country still refuse to provide equal opportunities for girls to participate in sports. Attacks on Title IX often spring from misconceptions about how the law
Title IX is a law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity. The main objective of this law is to not support sex discrimination with federal money. Though this law was put in place, women continue receiving less source and equipment than men’s sports teams. Some talk about girls dont like to play any sports so why should the boy’s teams get cut because of them. Maybe if we had the good equipment like the boys we’d show more interest. Title IX has improved some of the complications of equality in sports but not all. Is the law being enforced correctly?
Michael P. Auerbach, a journalist that argues that school fees should not effect if you can play in sports or other school activities state's, “School administrators have begun charging fees for classroom supplies,school athletic programs,academic clubs, and other activities.” Which if you do not pay you do not get to participate. gTo me that is unfair. A kid that wants to be involved in a sport but cant just because of money.
On June 16, 2009 parents of female athletes at FHSAA member schools filed suit against the United States District Court for the Middle District of Florida alleging that the newPolicy 6 discriminates against female students according to Title IX by reducing school participation in completions by 40 percent at the varsity level and 20 percent at the sub-varsity level. The plaintiffs also stated a complaint that male driven sports where exempt from this action because cheerleading was not recognized as a sport thus breaking the Title IX law.
“ No person… shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination” ( Wong). Within sports, many females get discriminated due to being “weak” or less interesting to watch. Some get less pay for having not equal amounts of participation as men do. The main issues are whether or not females and men should receive equal pay grade and whether if one does not participate as much which should they get the same attention. Equal pay grade may determine whether females play just as much as men and participate. Sports should not be based on whether you are more interested in girls or guys sports; it should be based on which sport brings in more revenue and has the most participation
Although over time gender discrimination has grown progressively over the years, one place that gender inequality is not fully present is in the sports world. Gender inequality in sports has been an issue in the industry for centuries. For years and years women faced the issues of lower pay, not as much publicity and not being appreciated as a female athlete. Clearly, even in this prevalent era of alleged equality and impartiality, most sports still remains as a male dominion, as there still is an unnoticed barrier between sport and woman. Through this analysis, I wanted to investigate some of the initial causes for the above circumstances.