Near the end of the book, the mockingbird shows up again but this time to represent a certain person. “Underwood simply figured it was a sin to kill cripples, be they standing sitting, or escaping. He likened Tom’s death to the senseless slaughter of songbirds by hunters and children…” -pg 241. The mockingbird indicates Tom Robinson’s innocence. It’s a sin to kill a mockingbird like it was a sin to kill Tom.
He convinces them by making up scientific facts that using your brain is more exhausting than physically working all day. Since he is the smartest and one of the only ones who knows how to read, he can get away with making up facts. Once he got away with getting extra food, he decided to assert his power in harmful ways. Napoleon started to change the seven amendments of Animal Farm, which were sworn not to be changed, and started to rewrite the past. “‘It says, “No animal shall sleep in a bed with sheets.” (Orwell 45).
Napoleon has also released many chants to help rally the animals on the farm. The satire present here is that the altering of the ten commandments effectively portray how the absurd the concept is. There is no way that animals could become, “more equal” than others. In the beginning of the novel, Old Major expressed that the animals shall overcome their oppressors, but the pigs become the oppressors. Through their chants and the ten commandments, the citizens are brainwashed to believe that everything is just and fair because when the commandments and chants were first written or said, everyone was in agreement, and believed it was fair.
The pigs attempt to hide their oppressive nature by calling the animals comrade. However, this phrase carries no meaning, as no mutual respect exists between them. As this dynamic progresses on the farm, Napoleon begins to be glorified in a similar manner to the way in which Mr. Jones experienced glorification previously. The animals easily fall victim to this, as they feel respect by only being called comrade, shedding light on their ignorance. Before the animals know it, the previous commandments are changed to “ALL ANIMALS ARE EQUAL BUT SOME ANIMALS ARE MORE EQUAL THAN OTHERS” (Orwell 134).
After Proctor tears up his false confession, he is sentenced to death by hanging. This does not sit right with Reverend Hale, a reverend brought in to analyze if there was witchcraft in Salem. He tries to tell Proctor’s wife to stop him from doing this as he clearly sees that John never committed witchcraft, and he wants to save an innocent man. Elizabeth argues that he made this decision for himself, and it is the decision that he wanted to make: “He have his goodness now. God forbid I take it from him!” (Miller 1334).
A very similar thing happens in To Kill a Mockingbird, when Bob Ewell accuses Tom Robinson of raping his daughter Mayella, but Atticus proves that it was most likely Bob who did it. Bob Ewell, Mayella’s dad, the person who should be protecting her at all costs. The most common injustice in the novel appears when the kids find the case between Tom Robinson and the Ewell family to be unfair, highly illogical, and racist. When the verdict of guilty is revealed to the town, Jem becomes upset and says, “You just can’t convict a man on evidence like that- you can’t”
“Nothing in the world is more dangerous than sincere ignorance and conscientious stupidity.” In Martin Luther King Jr.’s quote, he expresses how much danger ignorance can cause upon our world. Ignorance can lead to racism or being prejudice causing which can cause damage. Likewise in Harper Lee’s novel, To Kill a Mockingbird, During the Great Depression Scout learns in the county of Maycomb located in Alabama learns that the ignorance of others can lead to prejudice during the trial of Tom Robinson. Tom Robinson was not guilty, but due to the town’s ignorance they failed to see who was really guilty. In the novel, Harper Lee shows that one’s unchecked ignorance can lead to prejudice that may prevail over justice.
The prime symbol Lee was creating was not only a mockingbird but, as the title To Kill a Mockingbird implies, a killed mockingbird. Scout does not die in To Kill a Mockingbird, but she does lose her innocence and optimism due to the heinous acts surrounding her. The conviction of Tom Robinson chipped at Scout’s heart and she was pained by the false verdict, but she healed the wound until all that was left was a scar. Soon afterward, Scout and her brother were attacked by Mr. Ewell. To have someone attempt to kill you is a traumatic experience for anyone, and it just fired another shot at Scout.
Can you imagine yourself in a situation where people treat you like trash because of your skin color. In Harper Lee’s novel, To kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch is a white lawyer who has two children named Scout and Jem. Atticus has to defend an innocent man named Tom Robinson, who was accused on a crime he didn’t commit and was killed because of his skin color. Atticus is facing many problems such as racism because Tom Robinson is a colored person. The most important thing in To kill a Mockingbird is Injustice, Love and Sacrifice, and Power of words.
In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch employs pathos and diction in his closing argument to the jury and the people of Maycomb in order to persuade them to see beyond their prejudice and free Tom Robinson. Atticus informs the jury about the evil assumptions that society makes about Negroes. Pathos is used to persuade the jury when Atticus says, “Some Negroes lie, some Negroes are immoral, some Negro men are not to be trusted around women—black or white. But this is a truth that applies to the human race and to no particular race of men” (Lee 273). In saying this, Atticus tries to convince the audience and jury that everyone is capable of making mistakes, and differences in appearance does not mean that groups of people are superior to others.