They think tourism activities financially benefited local people in terms of earning, living standard and employment opportunity. But at the same time they are neutral about the entrepreneurial attitude of local people and they express that external people get more job than local people because they do not get any kind of training facilities. Most of the respondents express that tourism in Saint Martin Island creates seasonal job for the residents. • Most of the respondents express their neutral position about the social equity in Saint Martin Island. They think tourists are not aware about the local culture that causes social problems.
Virgin Islands, said Julia La Roche, Report, Yahoo Finance, September 14, 2017 The ravaging of the U.S. Virgin Islands by hurricane Irma is extensive, horrific and terrible said our congresswoman Stacey Plaskett. Of the three US Virgin Islands, St. Croix escape the full impact and damage of hurricane Irma but St. Thomas and St. John endured the brunt of the storm. It is said that as a result of hurricane Irma ravaging through St. Thomas and St. John, 23 persons lost their lives. With the tremendous financial stress that the Virgin Islands are experiencing, the storm just makes matters worse, said Walt Frazer, who lives in New York City and a property owner on St. Croix. Hurricane Irma has devastated some of the most popular vacation spots in the Virgin Islands on St. Thomas and St. John.
5.3.2. Shell’s Crisis Shell SPDC as it’s called in Nigeria is the most controversial in the Niger Delta region and internationally too. There have been debates and its often questioning the existence of the corporation is conflict-affected regions. One of the most documented criticisms towards the company concerns their existence in the Delta region of Nigeria. Since the late 1950, Shell have been accused of making huge profits from oil exploration and doing little for their host communities in the Niger Delta in return , thus this situation precipitated crisis that threatened peace and stability in the Niger Delta region and Nigeria as whole.
Notably, one disadvantage comes from the over-reliance of some countries’ economies on the sector. For countries whose bulk of income is generated by tourism, they are left unprotected against the negative impact of world events that adversely affect travel as these nations experience steep declines or fluctuations in income. These events include natural disasters, travel restrictions, cost increases, crime, and others that not only occur in the host countries but also in those from which the majority of visitors arrive. Another disadvantage of tourism is the perceived loss of identity of the region’s nations. Tourism fuels development and development sometimes happens at the risk of losing the things unique to a destination.
The basic changes in in human values may occur, and objects and sacred site may not be respected when they have become as tourism product to trade (Negative socio-cultural, n.d.). The standardization of destination is also a problem. Many travel destinations risk standardization because they are satisfying the tourists desire for familiar facilities. Destination always need to provide new things for tourists because they desire for the new and unfamiliar thing, but few tourists are not looking for completely new thing, so the new things cannot be to strange or new for
Tourism facilities and services are concentrated in a few locations, (iii) The visitor-resident meetings lack the spontaneity associ¬ated with individual schedules. Package tours, planned interactions and scheduled meetings may be arranged but these are only controlled events and finally become commercial in nature, (iv) The meeting and visitors and resi¬dents is general an unequal and unbalanced
Although continuous growth has been growing for the past 60 years, there was situation due to the global risk, whole countries recorded minus growth. Some examples are, the September 11 terrorist attack in 2001, SARS in 2003, nuclear disaster/earthquake in Japan in 2011 and the latest is in 2016, the Zika virus caused whole fear throughout the whole world, especially towards the pregnant who are travelling overseas. Because of this few crisis, annual total tourist number rapidly decreased on the year that crisis happened. Based on annual total statistic, in case-by-case basis, these tourism crises averagely drag from least 2 months to a year. For example, September 11 terrorist attack that occurred in September of 2001, contracted unwillingness to travel.
The report carried out by Tourism Task Force indicated that one of the reason was due to the devastating effects of urban renewal on large parts of the old city of Singapore, with many old buildings and districts falling as victims to the driving force of wholesale redevelopment. In the process of trying to modernize, Singapore had removed aspects of its ‘Oriental mystique and charm’ which are best symbolized in ‘old buildings, traditional activities and bustling roadside activities’. The report also highlighted the fact that the clean-up of the Singapore River had opened up numerous prospects to develop it into a unique tourist attraction that would appeal to a diverse mix of tourists of all nationalities. If properly developed, it could bring back romance and life into the inner city. ( Ministry of Trade and Industry,
• The relationship between residents' perception of tourism impacts and their satisfaction with particulate life domains is moderated by tourism development stages. Further, the relationship between the cultural impact of tourism and the satisfaction with emotional well-being of the relationship between the environmental impact of tourism and the satisfaction with health and safety well-being were strongest in the decline stage of tourism development. Neither the theories of social disruption nor the social carrying capacity offered much to explain this result. This however result is consistent with Butler's (1980) argument that in the decline stage, more tourist facilities disappear as the area becomes less attractive to tourists and the existing tourist facilities variability’s becomes more available to destination community residents. As residents' perception of negative environmental impacts increases, their satisfaction with health and safety well-being decreases in the decline stage of tourism development unless the area as a destination provides rejuvenating or alternative planning
McElroy (2003, as cited in MacElroy et al., 2007) posited that there are varying interpretations to what one may consider as harassing or not thus what is good marketing to the hawker especially in a developing country may be considered as harassing behaviour to the tourist or visitor”. In most developing countries, “tourist harassment” is not seen or considered a crime and hence not studied to provide empirical figures that could draw attention by governments and policy developers in tourism (MaElroy et al., 2007). This explains one of the reasons for a deficiency in literature on the harassment of tourists at destinations. Another challenge to the study of harassment according to literature is the difficulty in objective quantification of the experience since it is a subject one. In other cases, visitors are short stay occupants and may not feel the occurrence is worth the irritation of reporting or because of anomie, and may be ignorant of what to do when confronted with harassment at a destination (McElroy et al., 2007).