The Define Phase is the first phase of the Six Sigma improvement process. In this phase, the leaders of the project create a “Project Charter”, create a high-level view of the process, and begin to understand the needs of the customers of the process. This is a critical phase of Six Sigma in which your teams define the outline of their efforts for themselves and the executives of organization. • Define the Problem. • Define the problem by developing a “Problem Statement”.
As such, during project development and implementation, all the above phases need to be considered and ensured that proper planning is put in place for effective project development to be achieved. During the process of project development within an Information Technology organization, the above project development cycle need to
In such a scenario all individual diagrams of the work of various customers should be put together in order to identify any common patterns. This is done through an affinity diagram that shows the scope of issues and consolidated work models that shows the underlying pattern and structure that needs to be addressed. 4) Work redesign:The consolidated data that is collected helps the design team to find ways in which technology and other changes to organizational procedures can be introduced to help improve work. Storyboards are used as part of this process to define a new work system. 5) User Environment Design: This helps a user understand the various parts of the system that has been created, the functions it serves and how it fits into other existing systems.
Importance of the planning phase is that it involves refining the project onbjectives, create a better understanding of project goals and requirements and then plan the necessary steps required to fullfill those goals and requirements within the Project scope. Executing “Project Management Plan” serves as an Input to this process. Resources and people are added to the project in this phase with the project management plan to complete the task required in the project plan. In this process the “Project Deliverables” are created as a form of the outputs of this process or phase, therefore any changes like change requests, issue or defects rectifications are performed here only. Monitoring and Control In the complete project life cycle, there is a requirement to monitor if the project is on time and in budget and control the changes with quality deliverables.
To do some policy making, all of them must through procedure that would needed stakeholder as an expert. First will diagnose and determine the problem or issue that requires the development of policy. The organization should also know and understand the basic purpose and realize that the issue or problem could be effective addressed by creating or renovating of the policy. Second, appointed a person to harmonize policy development process Policy development process can applies over several months. There needs to be one or perhaps formed a committee to guide the process.
Software process models A structured set of activities required to develop a software system, • Specification: what the system should do and its developments constraints. • Design: production of software systems. • Validation: checking the software to make sure it is what the customer wants. • Evolution: changing the system in response to changing demand. A software process model is an abstract representation of process.
This diagram illustrates the chain of command when a traditional procurement route is used in a project Management There are many different routes within the management route such as management contracting, design and management and construction management. Management contracting When this route is used, a professional team and a management contractor are hired by the client. Their duty is to, during design stage, advice the team. During construction their role is ensure the work being carried out is done to the correct specification. This method allows an early start on site and gives the client flexibility to change design during construction.
Integrated change control Project Scope Management Managing the collection/analysing of all info. to start a project and features/functions the project needs to meet the Stakeholders requirements Scope planning Project Cost Management The managing of the budget costs, estimations , funding and controlling costs within relation to the pre- approved budget Cost budgeting Project Time Management The managing of time, to ensure project is on time and each phase is completed within the time stipulated. Schedule development Project Quality Management The determination of quality policies and responsibilities, to ensure that the project meets the original needs and specifications Quality assurance Project Human Resource Management A team that should ensure a solid management of human resources within the project Staff acquisition Project Communications Management To ensure that communication is done effectively and that the correct info. is received at the appropriate time Information Distribution Project Risk Management The managing and identifying of potential risks to the project and to the business itself. Risk
Scrum team utilizes Sprint Retrospective to inspect itself and extract learned lessons to identify the possible improvements to be considered in the next sprint. Scrum framework includes three main artifacts: product backlog, sprint backlog, and increment. • Preparing Product backlog is the first activity of the product owner that includes visualizing the product and creating a refined and prioritized list of tasks . The product backlog evolves as the product evolves. For ongoing product development, the product backlog might also contain new features, changes to existing features, defects needing repair, technical improvements, and so on .
These points are essential to deliver the product on time. Usability: Within SSADM special emphasis is put on the analysis of user needs. Simultaneously, the systems model is developed and a comprehensive demand analysis is carried out. Both are tried to see if they are well suited to each other. Respond to changes in the business environment: As in SSADM documentation of the project’s progress is taken very seriously, issues like business objectives and business needs are considered while the project is being developed.