Relating this further, cultural identities are marked by a number of factors including gender, with a very locus of sustaining and projecting a difference (Clarke, 2011). Hence, taking note of the dramaturgy, Clarke (2011) further explained that “identity is…projected at the target audience in a theatrical performance that conveys self to others.” This shows that gender is also a projection to the public based on the disposition they want other people to see from the person. Gender is seen as a situated performance (Anderson et al., 2009), and gender is connected to performativity (Butler, 1990; Langellier, 1999). Performativity as explained by Langellier (1999 in Krolokke & Sorensen, 2006) “articulates a display of differences that challenges
In the novel, The Handmaid’s Tales, by Margaret Atwood, the city of Gilead acts as a totalitarian society where handmaids are created to bear children for couples who have difficulty conceiving children. This novel acts as a satirical hyperbole towards “traditional values” towards women in past America. The main character, Offred, is restricted of her sexual and societal rights as a woman, much like the rest of the housemaids who are only used for their menstrual cycle. The biggest issue regarding this novel was the lack of freedom expressed for women. Although this novel is fiction and takes place in the future, this is no new issue for women. In the past, women have been restricted in human rights, especially with their autonomy and place in society.
Humans feel the need to categorize everything, but gender isn’t something that is black and white. There are grey and in-between areas. Sex characteristics do not always define a person’s gender identity. Many people are nonbinary and that’s perfectly okay, just as many people are cisgender and that is fine as well. The best thing about this paper is that it explains that, and that many cultures accept this
This book refers to the construction of gender and how it is formed from a young age and continues through to adulthood, linking to the formation of gender and sexual identity.
In "Learning to Be Gendered", Penelope Eckert and Sally McConnell-Ginet argues that the gender identification does not begin at birth. The dichotomy between a male and a female in biology is what sets them apart. The authors address the false assumptions with gender identification for people who think they figured out the pattern for boys and girls. The article gives examples of instances where parents and adults have unconsciously made judgments for males and females based on their expectations and roles. As a result, boys have learned to perform as a male and girls have learned to perform as a female.
Unlike ‘sex’, which typically refers to the biological and physiological differences, gender is a sociological concept that describes the social and cultural constructions that is associated with one’s sex (Giddens & Sutton, 2013, p. 623-667). The constructed (or invented) characteristics that defines gender is an ongoing process that varies between societies and culture and it can change over time. For example, features that are overly masculine in one culture can be seen as feminine in another; however, the relation between the two should not be seen as static. Gender socialization is thought to be a major explanation for gender differences, where children adhere to traditional gender roles from different agencies of socialization. Gender
Investigating how we are socialized in regards to gender is interesting because it is such a broad topic on how society characterizes everyone by gender. The biological categories of gender strongly influence the social dynamics of gender (Conley 281). Gender matters because it structures relations between people, but as gender structures relation it does this on unequal ground.
The moment Shane Ortega walked into the spotlight at The Hub, I felt a sense of dignity and passion surrounding his character and demeanor. He opened up the presentation by addressing his valiant push for equal rights for trans people in the U.S. military. His very powerful quote of “continuing the fight for 700,000 veteran transgender lives” who were forced to choose between expressing their individuality or fighting for their country highlights his devotion in fighting for trans injustice. Throughout his trans journey, he exclaims that his parents were very open about gender, and didn’t conform to strict gender rules. He jokingly admits that he cut off the heads of Barbies as a way to protest such entrenched gender roles. He exclaims that
The American society expects different attitudes and behaviors from boys and girls through culture tradition. As the children grow up, parents, media, and education all effect how they perceive their own gender rather than having it based on biological gender.
Jonathan Zimmerman is saying that while many people believe as technology evolves and advances that it will make education better and better. Students claim there is nothing wrong with being on social media while doing school work is not detrimental to their education but instead claim they are simply, "mutitasking". Students now believe that everything in education can be done easier and more efficient through using their computers and cellular devices. But when it comes down to the facts, studies that have been conducted over and over again have shown that those who claim to be "mutitaskers" preform worse than the average person in just about every skill tested. Other studies show that just by reading something off a computer screen or a phone screen causes you to retain and comprehend less of what you are reading. As new technology comes out people will always say that it will revolutionize education and this dates back all the way to the 1930s and the invention of the radio and now the same is said about computers and smartphones and all the other new
I want you to picture a firefighter in your head. I am willing to bet you pictured a male firefighter. We often place certain jobs, skills, and traits with gender. We gain this bias from our culture, and from other people unconsciously affecting our dispositions. How Teacher Biases Can Sway Girls From Math and Science by Clair Cain Miller is an article about how girls are under represented in math and science jobs, one of the fastest growing and highest paying fields. Miller wrote about how girls are under represented in these subjects, and how it is a result of the unconscious teacher bias, and overall discouragement from their surroundings. This article connects with the class in dealing with teacher bias
It is important to know the difference between the two terms Sex and Gender first. According to sexologists John Money and Anke Ehrhardt, sex and gender are separate categories. “Sex, they argued, refers to physical attributes and is anatomically and physiologically determined. Gender they saw as a psychological transformation - the internal conviction that one is either male or female (gender identity) and the behavioral expressions of that conviction” (Sterling 4). Although there are biological differences between the two sexes, but gender roles are socially constructed. They determine how males and females should think, speak, dress, behave and interact with society.
“Doing gender,” according to Judith Lorber, is a phrase that means to categorize people based on gender norms in order to get rid of ambiguity and make it easier to identify people. Some examples of “doing gender” would include mothers who are the primary caretakers of their children, men who act strong and confident in order to impress women, women who wear dresses and heels every day in order to look pretty, and men who work the typical 9-5 job and are the primary financial providers for their families.
Masculinity is a socially constructed characteristic of being a male. According to Shepler in Youthscapes, “children are moving from a blunt kind of power to a power legitimated through international structures; one them to take on certain identities”(pg 131). In the case of the child soldiers in Sierra Leone they take on certain identities in order legitimize their masculine power. in ALWG Ishmael Baeh describes how the war processually constructed his masculinity. The war took everything from him and other children which fueled their motivation to join arms. He describes how he and other boys were left with nothing, while searching for refuge they were recruited into becoming child soldiers, then they were then drugged and forced to become dependent on their units for drugs and acceptance.
The film, Growing Up Trans, was a great medium for me to better understand and reflect on gender socialization, gender identities, and countless variations within the transgender communities. Each child and his/her stories give the audience an insight to both the personal troubles of living as transgenders and the systemic errors of the society that intensifies these troubles.