Calhoun wanted states to be able to declare which federal law they wanted to uphold or oppose, in other words nullification. South Carolina wanted to nullify the tariffs of 1828 and 1832 and the Vice President was fully backing the nullification. Jackson responded to these actions by asking Congress for the use of military force for this act of treason. In addition the Peggy Eaton Affair in which Calhoun and his wife were instrumental in the gossip of her moral character and social isolation, helped fuel the
JOHN CALHOUN: John C. Calhoun served as Adams vice president, Calhoun supported states rights. Calhoun to prevent the federal government from weakening states rights. John C. Calhoun was a very significant individual in the South and in our country. John C. Calhoun was a young war hawk that got elected to Congress. He favored going to war with Great Britain.
As a democracy, we expect our leaders to care about the we want as a union. However, this isn 't what we always get. For example, Andrew Jackson could be considered one of these self serving leaders. To some, Andrew Jackson represents a war hero but others would say he was an arrogant and unbending person. Impoverished and uneducated he would rise from orphan to war hero leaving thousands of Native Americans dead in the wake of his political ambitions.
Many Southerners like John C. Calhoun, who was the Vice President at the time, were extremely upset about. They thought something had to be done. That’s when South Carolina Exposition and Protest came into play. This wasn’t an actual protest of people who didn’t like the tax on imported goods. It was an important document written by John C. Calhoun.
John C. Calhoun was born on March 18, 1782 in Abbeville district, South Carolina. He was born to a wealthy family that had recently moved from Pennsylvania. He enrolled in a local academy at eighteen years old and attended Yale College two years later. After college, Calhoun spent a year at law school and studied in the office of a member of the Federalist Party. He was elected to the South Carolina state legislature in 1808 and to the United States House of Representatives in 1811.
Although most people claim that the southerners were trying to break up the union, It was more of a case of the south trying to stand up to the federal government and saying that the laws that they pass within the state do matter. In 1828 tariffs were passed by Congress to benefited trade in northern states. Relaying to heavily on the export of agricultural goods, these tariffs started becoming harmful to the Southern states. In 1832, South Carolina passed a state law stating that the tariffs were invalid within the state of South Carolina.
When Congress issued tariffs on foreign goods, Southerners believed that Congress favored the North since this tariff would benefit them. John Randolph spoke of this issue, arguing that Congress was being unfair since the South was not benefiting from the actions of Congress at all while the North benefited (Doc A). As for political conflict, there was a clear case of factionalism and political rivalry in 1824 (Doc I). With these conflicts amongst the varying factions and political parties, the political tension and sectionalism within America continued to grow. Accusations and anger from the South further separated them from the North, which did not contribute “good feelings” to the country at
Many delegates from the Northern states considered slavery evil and denounced it as a repugnant institution. The South on the other hand, argued that slavery was an economic reality and necessity. As Charles Cotesworth Pinckney so aptly put it, “While there remained one acre of swamp-land uncleared of South Carolina, I would raise my voice against restricting the importation of negroes. I am . . . thoroughly convinced . . .
For instance, Calhoun disputed that the privilege of slavery was important and necessary to the republican government. He also believed that the entitlement to slavery must be shielded from restriction by the federal government. On the other hand, Adams addressed for complete obliteration of slavery, and was opposed to the act of slavery. The deliberation among both of them caused them to ultimately contemplate closure with the Union in order to put an end to the dispute of slavery. Furthermore, both of their secure standpoints indicated comparable rigid stances that were implemented by both the South and the North in the future years.
The South was prosperous as they had been purchasing cheap priced goods that were exported that they did not produce but the tariff caused the South to pay double since they now had to pay higher prices on those products and their cotton they sold to Britain had to be priced higher making it harder to sell. The Southern states did not feel this lessened tariff was going to be effective enough and was a failure, mainly in South Carolina, who responded by declaring the right to nullification of the tax. Vice President Calhoun, who Jackson felt a personal dislike for, supported South Carolina’s nullification and Jackson responded with his Old Hickory attitude and threatened that he would use the United States Army to take action against South Carolina. This settled down for a while with the Compromise Tariff if 1833 turning out to be satisfactory by the South and South
The south opposed this because increasing the taxes on british imports made it difficult for Britain to pay for the cotton they imported from the south. This then related to the making of the cotton gin which led to controversy over slavery. This provided sectionalism over the tariff and why the north wasn’t as taxed as the
Jackson refused to get rid of the Tariffs of 1828. "This import tax provided protection for northern manufacturing interests by raising the prices of European products in America. Southerners, however, blamed the tariff for a massive transfer of wealth. It forced them to purchase goods from the North’s manufacturers at higher prices, and it provoked European countries to retaliate with high tariffs of their own, reducing foreign purchases of the South’s raw materials." (The American Yawp) Jackson loss his vice president John C Calhoun behind his decision.
John C.Calhoun known as one of the greatest men in south carolina . He was very well known sentor and speaker for the slavery system. He was one of the creators for the second bank in the United States . Calhoun was a member of the group known as a member of the great warhawks . The warhawks were involved in the second war with britain .
however, the tax on foreign goods would significantly raise the cost of living in the South as the its main economy was based on the production of cotton and did not make anything else. John c calhoun the senator of south carolina deemed the tariff as void and unconstitutional and nullified it. Jackson became furious and argued that a state did not have the authority to nullify a federal law and threatened to send troops in to enforce the law. However henry clay the vice president at that time resolved the issue by decreasing the tariff to the point it became reasonable. Jackson did not think about the states that would have a problem because of the tariff.
Initially, he decided to raise tariffs on imported goods which the north was quite alright with, while Southerners were ignited with outrage as they prospered from the collection of imported goods. Threatening to secede from the United states, John C. Calhoun, the vice president, aided the South by declaring the states’ rights to nullify laws they deemed unconstitutional, stating, “The Union–next to our liberty, most dear.” (Appleby, 2000). This implied that their own liberties should be the primary priority before the importance of the Union. Jackson remains obstinate to his initial choice, causing Calhoun to resign and serve in the Senate to continue his debate for the equality of the southerners, knowing that he wouldn’t be able to change his mind.