The Cuban Missile Crisis of October 1962 was one of the turning points of the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. At that time the two superpowers came close to a nuclear war, where human civilization came very close to being destroyed and Armageddon was a hair's breadth away. The three leaders – JFK, Khrushchev, and Castro - were well aware of their nuclear capability but also took their responsibility to protect their own citizens very seriously, however, the lack of mutual empathy led to the crisis in the first place. This was all due to Kennedy finding out about the shipment and installation of ballistic missiles in Cuba – which if launched would hit the majority of the eastern United States. This meant the US …show more content…
However the most controversial aspect of the CIA was their attempt to assassinate one of the leaders – Castro – apparently planning to involve the use of rifles, poisoned pills or pens, through the Senate church committee investigation in 1975. There have apparently been over 612 documented plots against Castro, eight of which were to assassinate him. However, the director McCone stated he was unaware of any assassination plans for him but is unknown whether President Kennedy was aware also. The CIA was the lead organisation in ‘Operation Mongoose’ and aimed to do what the Bay of Pigs invasion failed to do which was remove Castro as leader and communism in the process just a year before the Cuban Missile Crisis occurred. Showing that the CIA had been associated with the involvement in Cuba and had knowledge of past attempts. The CIA was also involved in the discovery of the missiles in Cuba. At first, the CIA director – John McCone had only suspected that the soviets were deploying missiles in Cuba but after they had dispatched the U-2 plane over Cuba had they realised the severity when reviewing the photos taken which revealed Russian strategic missile sites were being built on the island. This gave Kennedy the proof he needed that the soviets were installing ground-to-ground missiles with nuclear capability on the island. Therefore suggesting that the CIA had …show more content…
However, Armageddon would almost certainly have occurred if both JFK and Khrushchev, hadn’t stopped in their tracks and raced away from the brink in a panic at the foreshadowed doomsday. Each leader played their own role in avoiding Armageddon. President Kennedy had managed to prevent it as he had instigated the conversation with Khrushchev about the removal of nuclear weapons from Cuba which was seen as a secure victory for both sides as now neither the US nor the USSR would be involved with nuclear missiles. As this was thought to be one of President Kennedy's greatest accomplishments was afterwards thought to be this diplomatic ending. Khrushchev played his part as he had reluctantly agreed for the soviets to remove the weapons from the island despite believing that these weapons were Cuba’s last hope for survival in the battle against America. Even though, he had originally intended to have them deployed with Castro in order to threaten nuclear war. Castro on the other hand although agreed to the removal of the nuclear weapons but was not ready to back down and was prepared for war. The CIA also helped avoid it as they had discovered the weapons and told the US, and Kennedy was then able to reach an understanding with Khrushchev to avert a probable nuclear conflict. Yet, had the CIA not orchestrated the Bay of
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The US government turned the weapons to Cuba immediately. “I call upon Chairman Khrushchev to halt and eliminate this secret and reckless threat to the world peace” (Doc. A). Even though, it missile site is outside of US, it is still a dangerous nuclear threat to US from SU. Because behind Cuba, its biggest support was Soviet Union.
Khrushchev’s time in power is especially known for being the period where the maximum level of tension was exerted between the two superpowers. Indeed, the two times world war III was the closest were the standoff at checkpoint Charlie in 1961 and the Cuban missile crisis in 1952, which were conducted during his service as head of the USSR. During the Checkpoint Charlie standoff, several American and Soviet tanks stood 75m away on each side of the border, aiming at each other, for 16 hours, until they, one by one, left the zone. Such tension was repeated during the Cuban Missile crisis, which was due to the implantation of Soviet medium-length ballistic nuclear-warhead missiles in Cuba, within Striking range of the US. They led to the instauration of the Moscow – Washington hotline, often called “red telephone”, which was intended to be used as fast and reliable means for the two powers to share crucial information or to negotiate in the case of an emergency, to manage to avoid the accidental start of a nuclear war.
This operation was The Bay of Pigs Invasion in which JFK authorized a militia to enter Cuba and attempt a coup d 'état to overthrow Fidel Castro. The communist rule in Cuba knew well in advance of the CIA’s plan, making the attack a complete failure. Inside the museum sits a large portion of what was the Berlin Wall. Although the wall fell in 1989, its construction during Kennedy’s presidency in 1961 nearly started war.
The missiles were being assembled nearly ninety kilometres from the south shores of Florida, which created a major threat of great danger for the United States and Canada as well. Every North American citizen was
To Mr. Reichow and his classmates in Los Angeles, the most tensed point of the Cold War for the American people was the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis was really earth-shaking and almost started another world war. The Americans and Soviets came on the verge of firing their missiles at each other: the Soviets would have fired their missiles at the US from Cuba, and the Americans would have fired their missiles at the USSR from Turkey. For the Americans, Cuba was only ninety miles away from mainland US and the Soviet missiles could have easily targeted and destroyed major East Coast cities, such as New York City and Washington DC. American fear rose out of the possibility of the destruction of some of America’s major cities.
A large component of the Cold War was the Cuban Missile Crisis; this started when the U.S. attempted to assist the rebel Cubans to defeat the Cuban dictator, Fidel Castro. The United States failed during the Bay of Pigs invasion by not properly taking out the Cuban Navy and solider as planned. After the attack, Fidel Castro gave a speech stating “Everybody, men and women, young and old, we are all one in this moment of danger. ”(Document H). This attacked caused the people of Cuba to fear what would happen if the U.S.—an omnipotent country of the time—attacked Cuba again.
Kennedy’s actions during the Cuban Missile Crisis were ingenious, well thought-out, and most importantly, worked to make the world a safer place. His oratory skills were one of his greatest traits and helped to calm the American populace and show the Soviets that the United States meant business. In addition to his speeches, Kennedy created Excomm, who worked to solve the crisis. They ended up with two potential solutions, quarantine or invasion. Kennedy chose quarantine, and it worked to lower the tensions between the two nations.
Their success challenged stereotypes about African Americans and helped to increase support for the civil rights movement. In 2007, the Tuskegee Airmen were collectively awarded the Congressional Gold Medal. Cuban Missile Crisis: The Cuban Missile Crisis was a pivotal moment in the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. In 1962, the Soviet Union placed nuclear missiles in Cuba, which was a significant threat to U.S. national security. The U.S. responded with a naval blockade of Cuba and a demand for the removal of the missiles.
Kennedy said that they could just blow up the missile bases in Cuba, but this, without a doubt, would start a destructive war which would affect not just the US and the Soviet Union, but the whole war. In a speech to the American people, John F. Kennedy said that Cuba had nuclear missiles provided by the USSR, but he already had a plan to make Cuba and the Soviets get rid of the nuclear missiles (2). Therefore, those missiles were putting in check the US because if Cuba ever decided to launch one of the missiles on the US this would cause massive destruction wherever they fall and will lead to the start of the first nuclear war, causing a lot of destruction and suffering around the world. In an entrevista from Dobrynin Cable to the Soviet Foreign Ministry, Robert Kennedy said that the military was demanding President John F. Kennedy responded to fire with fire and blew up the missile bases in Cuba, but he, R. Kennedy genuinely believed that this was a terrible idea because if this would ever occur the Soviets would undoubtedly do the same to the US, somewhere in Europe, starting a real war (4).
America, fearing for their own safety, then put a quarantine around Cuba, not allowing any ships with weapons to enter. (Doc D) Tensions were high, with both capitalist and communist nations having the potential to launch a nuclear strike against the other. After some time, the Soviets decided to retreat. They removed their missiles from Cuba and the threat of a nuclear war subsided.
“Since the 1950’s, as part of the Cold War, U.S. and Soviet Military strategy had focused on building nuclear weapons that could be used against each other in a conflict. ”(Kennedy and the Cuban Missile Crisis 22). In this quote it proves that John F. Kennedy’s actions did not lead to the Cuban Missile Crisis. The Soviet Union had been planning the crisis for a while. They were building the nuclear weapons since the
Kennedy launched the Bay of Pigs Invasion on April 17th, 1961 in order to overthrow the communist Cuban dictator, Fidel Castro. The operation was a complete fail. As a result, Castro looked to the Soviets for protection from the U.S. Much like President Eisenhower, President Kennedy also added policies to support military usage. According to President Kennedy at the University of Washington speech, the idea of Flexible Response would further strengthen the policy of containment.
The U.S. saw Fidel Castro as a leader who could not be trusted because of his ties close to communism. The Bay of Pigs was the U.S. government’s way to attempt to control the country of Cuba. When the U.S. backed invasion failed and became a public affair, Kennedy gave a speech on why he thinks it is necessary to act now against the “Dictatorship regime”, he Says, “Secondly, it is clear that this nation, in concert with all the free nations of this hemisphere, must take an even closer and more realistic look at the menace of external Communist intervention and domination in Cuba… The evidence is clear, and the hour is late. We and our Latin friends will have to face the fact that we cannot postpone any longer the real issue of the survival of freedom in this hemisphere”
During the Cold War, the Cuban Missile Crisis took place. It was when two superpowers were close to causing a nuclear war. Its main origin was when the United States invaded Cuba, on April 10, 1961; which is also known as the Bay of Pigs invasion. After the invasion, previous Prime Minister; Fidel Castro of Cuba, was ‘paranoid’ because he felt like America was planning another attack. So in order to protect his nation, he sought military and economic help from the Soviet Union.