They felt like society in England was corrupt and straying away from Christian belief so they sought for religious freedom and the idea that they could start a colony that would be whole and unified in God. By doing this, they ran into another form of division when they came across the Native Americans who were already habitants of the land. The Puritans looked at these people as if they were animals or savages and built a wall of division between the two different cultures of people. In John Smith’s, “A General History of Virginia, he said, “Each hour expecting the fury of the savages, when God, the patron of all good endeavors, in that desperate extremity so changed the hearts of the savages, that they brought such plenty of their fruits and provisions that no man wanted.” This just shows you of how they viewed the natives and since it wasn’t one of them, then they were bad people. Instead of trying to get along and work with the Indians, they fought them so that they could have land to establish their colony on.
The Aztecs didn’t easily accept the new religion since they have been following their religion for a very long time (document 3). Conquerors also threatened the natives. It was required that the natives accept the Church as the “Ruler”, and if they didn’t, war would be made against them and their family would become enslaved (document 7). The natives in America suffered severely during this time. In Latin America, the Spanish conquerors overworked the Indian natives and treated them harshly.
Cooperation and hard work were part of the Pilgrim's lifestyle. Nevertheless, they too were plagued with hunger, disease, and environmental hazards. The Pilgrims were dissenters from the Church of England and established the Puritan or Congregational Church. Since New England was outside the jurisdiction of Virginia's government, the Pilgrims established a self-governing agreement of their own, the "Mayflower Compact." Prior to the Pilgrims' arrival, an epidemic wiped out the majority of the New England Indians.
The Puritans were English Protestants who believed that the alterations of the Church of England did not go far enough. In their view the church was too Catholic. In England, the Puritans were people of political influence, but King Charles did not agree with their attempts to reform the church. There seemed to be no hope for them but to leave England because they were being persecuted. They believed in America they could establish a colony whose government, society, and church were all bases on the Bible.
Throughout history, religion has played an important role in the lives of the English settlers; many people believed in different religions, and this has caused problems within the New World colonies. Religion was strictly enforced, and punished according to your beliefs. When the English settlers decided to set sail to find refuge from the religious restriction, they were hopeful for a new life. People did not want to stay somewhere where they did not believe in the religion that was practiced, for it was punishable by death. The Colonists suffered many hardships; Britain was a Catholic community at the time, and the settlers that moved to America were Protestant.
In the 1st century, Christianity spread throughout Rome causing differing views on the religion. At first Christianity was disapproved of by the upper class, then in later years it was embraced. The spread of Christianity throughout Rome eventually caused Rome to split and lead to the fall of the Roman empire. Christianity challenged the government, believing in a higher power then the Emperor. With this mindset, the government feared for it’s future in Rome and it was disapproved of, much like the Tang Emperor Wu in document 6, who stated that it will cause disorder in society.
William Bradford was born in the late 1500s in the land of Austerfield, England. From a young age, Bradford saw corruption in the Church of England and became a Puritan or Separatist. Because of the religious persecution all Separatists faced, he and his family decided to make their home overseas in order to practice their faith freely. He would end up taking the Mayflower to North America. On his voyage, Bradford had many responsibilities like book-keeping, finances and negotiation for legalities.
This produced tension with the Natives because Puritans would often expect the Natives to leave the land that they wanted. A possible consequence of this was King Phillips War. In conclusion, the First Nations, the Virginians, and the New England Puritans all had different attitude towards the physical environment of North America. These differing attitudes are sadly what caused most of the bloodshed in the early days of European
The Puritans brought these fears to Salem as they colonised New England in an attempt to flee religious maltreatment in Europe. However, ironically, the Puritans would establish a highly conservative and religiously intolerant settlement; a society where church and the government are a single, explicitly stringent, entity. The austere attitude of the Salem community in 1692-1693, at the start of the Salem Witch Trials, would become visible. This was a series of events that have become an infamous part of American colonial history for being described as “mass hysteria” as they consisted of prosecutions, executions and imprisonments that infiltrated Massachusetts. The prosecutions were held under the premise that locals within Salem had begun to act peculiarly: morphing their bodies unnaturally, becoming physically ill and incoherently babbling.
Missionaries, who live among the Indians, left letters to give people a sense of “concern” that many held for tribal peoples. Franciscan Escalona wrote a letter criticizing the anger towards the Indians which committed by a Spanish governor of present-day New Mexico. Franciscan wrote how the governor’s cruelty toward everyone made Gospel preaching impossible. During the sixteenth century, even more people from England arrived and they also brought many expression of Protestant Christianity to the new world. There are new explorers though, Puritans.