After the election of President Abraham Lincoln in 1860, eleven Southern states seceded from the Union. People in the South made a living through a plantation economy, Southerners needed cash crops that were labor intensive, using slaves to work this economy. The Northern economy was very different than the Southern economy the Northern economy was an industrialized economy, unlike the Southern economy. Abolitionists wanted slavery to end and thought it was an immoral and incorrect way to treat other human beings. Many Southerners supported the secession of South Carolina, and many other states, from the Union because they would rather leave the Union now than be killed by the people who hated them and the people they owned. Why did the South secede from the …show more content…
The South seceded from the Union because of Abraham Lincoln being elected President, Harriet Beecher Stowe writing Uncle Tom’s Cabin, abolitionists were becoming more vocal, and the differences between the Northern and Southern economies being so diverse. One reason the South seceded from the Union was that Abraham Lincoln was elected president. Abraham Lincoln was part of the Republican Party, people who supported the abolitionist movement. The Southerners did not …show more content…
When Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin because she wanted to stir up an anti-slavery statement. Slavery was already the unpopular choice for Northerners, but Harriet Beecher Stowe made the Northerners even more opposed to slavery. Slavery even became less popular in the Southern states. The novel Uncle Tom’s Cabin made many Northerners realize how unjust slavery was for the first time, and increased the differences between the North and the South. With more people opposed to slavery, Southern slave owners worked even harder to defend their position on slavery. Uncle Tom’s Cabin influenced abolitionists to be more
Uncle Tom’s Cabin “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” is a novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe. The book is about a man named Tom who works for plantation owner. His plantation owner orders him to whip a slave named Lucy but he refuses and gets punished. This novel deeply affected the feelings of the north and it greatly changed peoples views of slavery. Her book angered southern plantation owners who own slaves.
The Southern states were immensely opposed to having an whig, abolitionist president, Lincoln, that they warned of secession if he won the election. Senator Daniel Webster notes in his speech to Senate, “Secession! Peaceable Secession! Sir, your eyes and mine are never destined to see that miracle” (doc D). The South was insistent on signing no more compromises to further unionize them to the United States.
American history noted that the secession of the southern states was a reason for the Civil War. The Civil War had many men to die during the cause, less men died in the world war comparing them to the Civil War. Slavery was a cause for the southern states to secede and it could be considered as one of the major factors. Along with state sovereignty, economic, and political difference are amongst the list that caused the south to secede. Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee, North Carolina, and South Carolina were the southern states that seceded and form a southern Confederacy.
Westward Expansion and Slavery were the prominent reasons for the secession crisis. The North and South developed tension due to their differing economic backgrounds. The South’s economy was heavily reliant on slave labor to produce cotton, making them want to fight to protect their way of life and the pillars of their society. In contrast, industry fueled the North, allowing the region to see the evil nature of slavery and develop antislavery views. The Fugitive Slave act of 1850 forced Northerners to support the institution through returning runaway slaves, creating anger and resistance in the North and additional tension.
When Abraham Lincoln became President there was a fear from the southerners that the southern way of life would end. The southerners thought that if the western territories became free states that the Republicans would change the Constitution and make slavery in all areas outlawed and many thought that they would leave the Union before this inflicted upon them. The southerners held back from the division until 1860 when Lincoln became President. In history it is known that South Carolina was the first state that began the secession. “On December 20, 1860, a state convention repealed South Carolina’s ratification of the U.S. Constitution and voted to withdraw from the Union.
‘Slavery was the root cause of secession’. ‘November 6 1860, Lincoln was elected president of America which resulted in panic emerging in the South’ . The election of Lincoln as president who was a Republican leader meant that ideologies, movements and values from the North would be implemented in the South which meant the abolition of slavery. Slavery was a huge characteristic of the South as the economy; politics; social status and psychological mind-sets were influenced by the process of slavery. The southern white population then derived the idea of secession which meant the South would gain independence from Northern aggression .
Harriet Beecher Stowe's best known novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin (1852), changed forever how Americans viewed slavery, the system that treated people as property. It demanded that the United States deliver on the promise of freedom and equality, galvanized the abolition movement and contributed to the outbreak of the Civil War. The book calls on us to confront the legacy of race relations in the U.S. as the title itself became a racial slur. Uncle Tom's Cabin was a runaway best-seller, selling 10,000 copies in the United States in its first week; 300,000 in the first year; and in Great Britain, 1.5 million copies in one year. It resonates with an international audience as a protest novel and literary work.
Even though the South was a part of the Union, and was bound by a contract, the South had every right to secede from the Union. Many states of the North has broken the Constitution, therefore the agreement that keeps the Southern states from seceding is broken. The North has also gained overwhelming power over the South in Congress, therefore the Southern states are not equally represented in the Union anymore. According to the tenth Amendment, the rights that are not listed in the Constitution are reserved for the states, and the right to secede is not in the Constitution.
According to those states, they all think slavery should be allowed in their region. Convinced that their way of life, based on slavery, was threatened by the election of Abraham Lincoln, those seven states of the deep South seceded. Jefferson Davis felt like the election was the final straw in secession or as he put it, “ the last feather which you know breaks the camel’s back”(Doc 7 Jefferson Davis). This meant that the election made the decision clear to the Southern states.
The South was afraid that if Abraham Lincoln was elected president that he would abolish slavery. That is not necessarily true because Abraham Lincoln had his own slaves but he just wanted to stop the spread of slavery. He did not want slavery to expand into the North or even to the new territories of the West. The South thought that Lincoln would abolish slavery and the South did not want to do that because they thought that the North would have too much power and they did not want to relinquish all of that power to the North. The slaves in the South were making their slaves owners a lot of money by working hard and not being paid for it.
In both sources, Uncle Tom’s Cabin and the Testimony of Sarah M. Grimke on Slavery, the authors illustrate their negative view of slavery. In the book “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” Harriet Stowe explains why she views slavery as immoral and in her book, she changes the way slaves are viewed. She does this by making the main character in her book, Tom, a slave who in the end is the hero. In the “Testimony of Sarah M. Grimke on Slavery”, Sarah Grimke explains the reasons she left her home state of South Carolina. She also tells readers that she disconnected with her family because of their cruel behavior toward their slaves.
Constitutionally the North preferred a loose understanding of the United States Constitution, and they sought to grant the federal government amplified powers. The South desired to reserve all vague powers to the separate states themselves. The South trusted upon slave labor on behalf of their economic wellbeing, and the economy for the North was not