“Emancipation Proclamation.” Civil Rights in the United States, edited by Waldo E. Martin, Jr. and Patricia Sullivan, Macmillan Reference USA, 2000. Opposing Viewpoints in Context, http://link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/BT2338230759/OVIC?u=hatf96401&xid=2ef941e6. Accessed 11 Jan. 2018. “Emancipation Proclamation.” History.com, A+E Networks, 2009, www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/emancipation-proclamation. Accessed 10 Jan. 2018.
According to the chart of voting and jury rights of Blacks in the North in 1860, only five out of sixteen northern states allowed Blacks the right to vote (Doc A). This shows that even though fourteen percent of the population of America at the time was Black, they did not always get to vote. They cannot vote for people to represent them in government. This leads back to when Britain was taxing the colonies even though they had no representation in the British parliament. The Blacks are being taxed, yet they have no representation in government.
(n.d.). Compare and Contrast Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. Retrieved February 28, 2018, from http://education.seattlepi.com/compare-contrast-theodore-roosevelt-woodrow-wilson-5540.html Brinkley, A., Giggie, J. M., & Huebner, A. (2016). The unfinished nation: a concise history of the American people.
The Jim Crow Laws made a system for segregation using legal laws (Carson and Bonk). The segregation started out as something called the Black Codes, which was similar to the Jim Crow Laws but was not as enforced. The Jim Crow Laws were later created and enforced throughout the United States, mostly in the south. The Black Laws made it easier for police to arrest blacks, but the Jim Crow Laws created segregation in everyday life. Blacks did not have the full privilege of an American citizen until a century after the civil war ended (Sharp).
Another issue—unfair voting identification laws still exist. The identification laws were implemented initially in the 1950s in South Carolina—legislatures designed the laws to prevent African Americans from voting. The Voting Rights Advancement Act expands the federal government’s power to send officials to state legislatures which can reduce the usage of unfair identification laws. In North Carolina in July of 2013, the state legislature enacted a bill called “HB 589”, a severe photo ID requirement which shortened the early voting period by a week. In North Carolina, 64% of African Americans consistently voted during early voting, but due to the institution of HB 589, African American votes decreased.
TCU Press. Rubin, B. M., & Rubin, B. (1987).Secrets of state: the State Department and the struggle over US foreign policy. Oxford University Press, USA. http://potus-geeks.livejournal.com/99000.html Fact monster, (2014).
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/9f3f/d52ecc20cb9c988818403d66664278e97352.pdf Innocence Project (2012). Earl Washington Jr. The National Registry of Exonerations. https://www.law.umich.edu/special/exoneration/Pages/casedetail.aspx?caseid=3721 Kassin, S. M. (2015). The Social Psychology of False Confessions.
(n.d.). Retrieved March 14, 2018, from https://www.nap.edu/read/10881/chapter/7 Gun Control - ProCon.org. (n.d.). Retrieved March 14, 2018, from https://gun-control.procon.org/ Harwood, W. S., Mr. (2002). Gun Control: State Versus Federal Regulation of Firearms.