Hate crimes against race not only affect one person. The Encyclopedia of Race and Racism “Hate Crime” states, “When a person of a selected race or ethnicity is attacked simply because of skin color, the entire ethnic community is put in fear” (Hate Crimes). When a hate crime is committed against a certain race or ethnicity it strikes fear on the rest of the race or ethnicity. In an article titled Racism it states “Racism is a prejudice or an animosity against a person or group of people who belong to a different race”. Some may believe it is only one race that is being prejudice, but racism can be found in almost all cultures.
Hate crime laws is a crime committed by an individual who targets their victims because of the victim 's race, religion, ethnicity, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, or disability. An example would be, if an illegitimate assaults an individual because that individual is Jewish, the crime would likely be a hate crime. Hate crimes are like messages to members of a certain group that they are unwelcome in a particular neighborhood, community, school, or workplace. There are many different laws regarding hate crimes.
Hate speech—words or symbols targeted at a particular group or person that attack or intimidate them based upon sex, race, religion, ethnicity, disability, sexual orientation, or gender—has recently become extremely controversial, especially in regards to college campuses. Although merely visual or verbal behaviors, hate speech can indirectly and directly cause physical and psychological harms. Philosophers Richard Delgado and Jean Stefancic delve into the negative impact of hate speech in their essay “Words That Wound”, detailing exactly how supposed expressions of freedom of speech can detrimentally impact its victims. Such dire consequences thus call for targeted and threating speech to be banned in certain spaces in order to sustain a safe environment for the majority of people.
You hear it when people: • make "jokes" or negative comments about a particular ethnic group • call others racist names or verbally abuse them • Bully, hassle or intimidate others because of their race. You see it when people: • write racist graffiti in public places • make offensive comments online • are excluded from groups because they 're "different" or "don 't belong" • Are physically abused because of their race. What is racial discrimination?
Are Hate Crime Laws useful or Should they be Revoked? The subject of hate crime and the validity of hate crime laws is a sensitive matter to many people. As a result, people tend to be divided into two groups, the first one is supportive of the laws and the second group opposes them. The laws of hate crimes might appear to be the solution; however they are not, therefore they should be revoked. Let’s start first with the legal definition of hate crimes.
Pros and Cons of Hate Crime Laws Hate crime laws are defined as a state law that involves threats, harassment, or physical harm and is motivated by prejudice against someone's race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, sexual orientation or physical or mental disability. The 1968 statute made it a crime to use, or threaten to use, force to willfully interfere with any person because of race, color, religion, or national origin and because the person is participating in a federally protected activity, such as public education, employment, jury service, travel, or the enjoyment of public accommodations, or helping another person to do so. However, in 2009, Obama signed the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act.
Throughout the history of the United States, many derogatory and hurtful terms have been created to refer to individuals or a collective group of minority people with the goal of undermining them. Some examples of these words are ‘Nigger’, ‘Faggot’, ‘Beaner’ among countless other harmful labels. These terms are problematic, as they dehumanize the race in which they target, as reminders of the oppression experienced by these groups, giving the terms power. Among these hateful words, ‘nigger’ remains the oldest term and is the most racially charged and hurtful to the minority group that it intends to harm which are blacks. Only blacks should be able to use the word ‘nigger’ in America, because it was created with the intentions to dehumanize blacks, carrying all of the racist and discriminatory history experienced by blacks in the
Conversely, under hate crime legislation it is clear to see that the prosecution of hate crimes further divides society by reinforcing the marginalisation of minority groups. Advocates with ideologies akin to this state that all violent crimes are the result of the offender’s absolute contempt for the victim of the hate crime. In such cases like this, all crimes are hate crimes and if no alternate rationale for prosecuting some people more harshly than others for the same crime based on who the victim is, a situation arises where different offenders charged with the same offence are treated unequally under the law which inadvertently creates discrimination, prejudices and unfairness in society.
Racial Profiling is one of the many areas covered in racial discrimination. It refers to the discriminatory practice, especially by law enforcement officials which targets individuals for suspicion of crime based on the individual 's race, ethnicity, religion or national origin. Racial profiling has been and is still an issue today in almost every part of the United States. It is seen in different situations whereby people are treated very unfairly or branded criminals and suspects without any form of evidence It is a type of racial discrimination seen in all places though racial discrimination touches many areas like award of government benefits which is unequally shared as it should ,but at times based on who the person is. For example, I was once a victim in the
Introduction Colin Ferguson was convicted of the December 7, 1993 shooting of 25 people aboard the Long Island Rail Road commuter train out of Penn Station at Merillon Avenue station in Garden City, New York, New York. He killed six and wounded nineteen before being stopped by three of the passengers: Kevin Blum, Mark McEntee, and Mike O'Connor. Ferguson's trial was notable for a number of unusual developments, including his firing of his defense counsel and insisting on representing himself and examining himself as a live witness. Before the trial, William Kunstler and Ron Kuby attempted to argue that Ferguson was driven to mental illness through years of living in an oppressive and racist society.
A criminal offense against a person or property motivated by a prejudice of race, sexuality, ethnicity, religion, gender, gender identity, or disability is defined as a hate crime. Imagine a person being killed in spite of the dislike for the color of the victim’s skin or their ethnicity. Or think about a criminal committing arson by setting a mosque on fire for the reason that they do not agree with the religious affiliations attached to the mosque. Both are clear examples of a hate crime, and hate crimes have been committed for hundreds of years dating back to, as Tom Strissguth (2003) identifies, 1649 (p. 104). Current hate crime laws that are in place have every good intention in mind to keep victims safe, but there are arguments from scholars
Homosexuals What exactly is a homosexual? A homosexual is anywhere from gay men, lesbians, bisexuals and transgender, also know as ‘LGBT’. Through the years many people have had a rough time accepting these people, some harder than others. People who are LGBT are usually attacked by hate, aggression and violence, physically and mentally.
Like everyone else in this room I was aghast at the news of a terror attack in the heart of Paris. While initially my thoughts were with the victims, they soon turned to the possibility of a similar attack occurring here in Australia. While I had always thought of Australia as one of the safest, stable and prosperous nations on Earth, the reactionary rhetoric I saw on television, YouTube and print media made me question my convictions. I began to see threats where I never did before. For the first time I was genuinely displeased with the Australian parliament for their inability, and their disregard to address a threat.