XYZ Affair: Events Surrounding The French Revolution

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51. Events surrounding the XYZ Affair: In the wake of the French Revolution, relations between the new French Republic and the United States become ever more strained. Three French agents, publicly referred to as X, Y, and Z demanded major concessions from the United States as a condition for continuing bilateral diplomatic relations. 52. The Naturalization Act increased from 5 to 14 the number of years a non-American had to be living in America before he or she could become an American citizen. The Alien Act allowed the President to force non-Americans he thought dangerous to leave the country. The Alien Deportation Act allowed for the arrest and deportation of any non-American during wartime. The Sedition Act made it a crime to do "any false,…show more content…
These resolutions were issued in 1978 in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts. They asserted the right to overrule the federal government. These resolutions give states more power than the federal government. 55. Election of 1800 Jefferson and Burr tied in the number of electoral votes and then Hamilton supported Jefferson, which eventually won him the election. This was significant because political power was shifted between parties, peacefully. Also, it caused further conflict between Burr and Hamilton. Each side believed that victory by the other would ruin the nation. Overall, the Federalists wanted strong federal authority to restrain the excesses of popular majorities, while the Democratic-Republicans wanted to reduce national authority so that the people could rule more directly through state governments. 56. The twelfth amendment provides that the Electoral College should elect the president and vice president. If there is not majority vote for one person, the House of Representatives (one vote per state) chooses the president and the Senate the vice president. 57. Tecumseh was a Shawnee chief who, along with his brother, Tenskwatawa, a religious leader known as the Prophet. They worked to unite the Northwestern Indian tribes. Their role was to call for political and cultural…show more content…
59. Marbury v. Madison is the most important case in Supreme Court history, was the first U.S. Supreme Court case to apply the principle of "judicial review" the power of federal courts to void acts of Congress in conflict with the Constitution. The facts surrounding Marbury were complicated. In the election of 1800, the newly organized Democratic - Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson defeated the Federalist party of John Adams, creating an atmosphere of political panic for the lame duck Federalists. 60. The Embargo Act of 1807 set forth the following provisions: ● There would be an embargo on all American merchant ships, prohibiting foreign trade. ● American ships would not receive permission to sail to foreign ports. ● The President could make exceptions to the embargo as he saw fit. ● The President could enforce the embargo using the Navy and revenue officers. ● The embargo would not apply to warships The embargo actually did more harm than good because American farmers and manufacturers had no outlets to sell their goods. 61. This treaty ended the war of 1812 with a draw. It restored the borders that existed prior to the war and Americans actually managed not to lose the war. It showed growing power of the new
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