Cultural relativism Essays

  • Thesis On Cultural Relativism

    1594 Words  | 7 Pages

    Cultural relativism, in its most absolute form, is defined as culture being the “sole source of validity of a moral right or rule” (Donnelly, 1984). Such an extreme notion of cultural relativity may sometimes result in the infringement of individual human rights and fundamental freedoms. On the other hand, absolute universalism holds that culture is irrelevant to the validity of moral rights and rules. According to Article 4 of the UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity, cultural diversity

  • Cultural Relativism Research Paper

    895 Words  | 4 Pages

    Cultural Relativism is a theory that states various cultures have their respective and distinct moral values. First introduced by anthropologist Franz Boas and popularized by his students, this theory was meant to explain the reasons behind the different practices carried out across different communities (Lewis, 2001). In recent years, modern philosophers James and Stuart Rachels openly disagreed with the validity of Cultural Relativism by claiming that all human communities hold the same fundemental

  • Morality And Cultural Relativism

    1350 Words  | 6 Pages

    from cultural relativism, a theory that implements the idea that there is no right or wrong. In this, various standards, morals and behaviours in societies should be taken into thought. This theory is built around concepts that other cultures may not define the right or wrong for every culture, however beliefs and behaviours must be appraised as right or wrong on every cultures degree, in other words what is considered immoral or moral is culture-specific. It is valid to say that as cultural relativism

  • Examples Of Cultural Relativism

    827 Words  | 4 Pages

    Cultural relativism has a variety of definitions, but the main idea is that a universal code of ethics does not exist--it varies culture to culture. Rachel’s examines cultural relativism in “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism” and argues that there are commonalities of ethics throughout every culture. Rachels sections off his argument to better explain what they believe. In this piece, they argue that cultural relativism is not a proper theory. They argue that it has many major flaws, but they

  • Examples Of Cultural Relativism

    1362 Words  | 6 Pages

    Relativism is the conception that believes one’s value, behavior, belief and morality have no universal validity; all of them are equally valid and are related to other certain elements. Relativism is often associated with a normative position, usually pertaining to how people ought to regard or behave towards those with whom they morally disagree. (Stanford University, 2008) Cultural relativism is a theory that deals with the diversity among different cultures. It considers that people live in a

  • Cultural Relativism: Rites Of Passage

    1580 Words  | 7 Pages

    Cultural relativism is the understanding of other cultures in their own terms. To achieve the understanding of the rituals used in the cultures of another, one must be able to look at them from an emic (insider) perspective. One must also be able to look at his own culture from an etic (outsider) perspective. The ability to look at one’s culture from the etic point of view will make it easier to explain the rituals to someone from a different culture, for example, rites of passage. Rites of passage

  • Radical Cultural Relativism

    1503 Words  | 7 Pages

    another (Stavenhagen 2001:90). Every individual is born into a culture, and participation in cultural life is considered a human right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Article 22 of UDHR (UDHR) also states that cultural rights are indispensible to human dignity. At the same time, the diversity of cultural practices has been traditionally seen as

  • Cultural Relativism: A Study Of Cultural Differences

    905 Words  | 4 Pages

    the various groups and individuals is known as cultural relativism. Cultural relativism is a theory developed by Franz Boas in the study of anthropology in the 1940’s (Ayodeji K., 2005). Cultural relativism identifies that there are differences in the way of lives of people and in view of these differences; some form of judgement is applied in dealing with individuals groups and societies that are different from one’s own society. Cultural relativism therefore implies that as human beings we should

  • Theories Of Cultural Relativism

    848 Words  | 4 Pages

    The theory of cultural relativism is criticized and questioned by many; it is considered as one of the weakest arguments pertaining to human rights. This is because it is established that human rights are needed not for life but for a life of dignity. Furthermore, human rights should be universal, fundamental, and inalienable, and thus they cannot and should not be overridden by cultural relativism. Arguments presented by cultural relativism against human rights tend to be contradictory in nature

  • Cultural Relativism In Vietnamese Culture

    1178 Words  | 5 Pages

    Aayush Bansal Roll number: 15001 House – C Cultural Relativism Personality traits are found to be different in each and every part of world. It has been found out that people living in different areas of the world would have different traits according to the region they are living. Difference on the basis on food, clothing, way of talking and entertainment

  • Cultural Relativism

    735 Words  | 3 Pages

    this study seeks to fill. The literature review first discusses the concept of cultural relativism and then interpretative methodologies in contemporary Islam. This chapter first will specify the relationship between cultural relativism and human rights show the conflict between cultural relativism and universality of human rights, and, finally, argue for helpful approaches that aim at reconciling cultural relativism and universalism. Second, with regard to the second section (Islamic interpretative

  • Analysis Of Cultural Relativist And Critique Of International Human Rights

    1347 Words  | 6 Pages

    This journal article, “Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critiques of International Human Rights - Friends or Foes?” by Oonagh Reitman seeks to rouse discussion about the similarities between two critiques of universal human rights: cultural relativists and feminists, despite the antagonistic position both groups tend to take against each other. In the beginning, he lays out the basis of critique of international human rights by each camp. Cultural relativists argue that the universal human rights

  • James Rachel's Argument Of Morality Is Not Relative

    1070 Words  | 5 Pages

    belief because, they believe that morals are distinctive from each individual culture. These relativists as described are mixing up moral and cultural distinctions, or are simply not willing to completely understanding the cultures they are standing up for. There are two different types of relativism Ethical, and Cultural, that rely upon the argument of cultural differences, which have flaws that make the argument unsound. Although cultures throughout the world are distinct from one another, along with

  • Ethical Relativism Strengths And Weaknesses Essay

    2607 Words  | 11 Pages

    Different Moral Views Over centuries of fervent discussion in the moral world, there is still nothing like a consensus on a set of moral views. This essay attempts to outline and critically evaluate two moral views, namely ethical objectivism and cultural relativism. It is crucial to understand that both moral theories cannot be true at the same time as it results in contradictions, contributing to false beliefs. Additionally, it is essential that we discuss these issues with an open-mind so as to gain

  • Causes Of Multiculturalism

    1000 Words  | 4 Pages

    accepting the right for each and every culture to co-exist is erroneous and failing. While some might claim that due to cultural conflicts observed in the rising dissent in numerous nations and problems caused by migrants, multiculturalism is observed to fail. However, this paper will show that not only are those claims false, multiculturalism is integral in reaching the solution to cultural conflicts, though not the solution itself. Multiculturalism or the perception of accepting that each individual

  • Cultural Relativism And Feminism

    1157 Words  | 5 Pages

    beings. In this review I will explain the relationship between cultural relativism and feminism according to article Cultural relativist and Feminist critiques of International Human Rights - Friends or Foes? By Oonagh Reitman. In the article gives an account of differences of opinion and the actions applied by both the perspective of the human rights of women. The article explained about the difference of opinion between cultural relativism towards feminism, this happens by inequality opinion submitted

  • Ethical Relativism And Egoism Essay

    793 Words  | 4 Pages

    The two ethical theories that I truly understood and agreed with were Ethical Relativism and Egoism/Egotism. Ethical Relativism refers to cultural differences throughout the world regarding values. For example, in one culture society forces females to be covered from head to toe, while another culture may not have those same expectation from females. The other ethical theory that I understood is the difference between Egoism and Egotism. Egoism is the belief that motivation for people 's actions

  • The Case Against Ethical Relativism

    1465 Words  | 6 Pages

    A Defense of Ethical Relativism by Ruth Benedict from her “Anthropology and the Abnormal,” Journal of General Psychology, in her part take on Modern Social Anthropology, Benedict views ethical relativism as part of the new modern civilization in which each society has their own moral views and “like a work of art” each culture has a theme and certain tendencies which they chose to favor. On the contrary, The Case Against Moral Relativism by Louis P. Pojman, moral relativism is viewed as a misled

  • Concept Of Cultural Relativism

    1144 Words  | 5 Pages

    Universal morality and cultural relativism Student X University of the People PHIL 1404 Introduction In some cultures, whenever we try to put in place procedures that allow the population to be regular, we find ourselves confronted with certain people who feel attacked because they are simply not in order. One can take as an example the case of Mordidas in Mexico City, where it is possible to take the money in the city, and then redistribute the money back. Goes straight

  • Summary Of Cultural Relativism

    1053 Words  | 5 Pages

    INTRODUCTION The journal of Cultural Relativist and Feminist Critiques of International Human Rights - Friends or Foes by Oonagh Reitman discuss about the similarities between two critiques of international human rights by cultural relativists and by feminists. This journal divided into three main focus there are the argument of cultural relativism and disagreement between the feminist. The second discuss about the possibility that they can operate together and the last section will be used cooperative