Dopamine Essays

  • Parkinson Disease Case Study

    960 Words  | 4 Pages

    has advantage of not interfering with motor symptoms. Ketamine should be used with caution because of potential interaction between levodopa and ketamine’s sympathomimetic activity. Butryophenones( eg:-droperidol) and phenothiazines , which block dopamine receptors and exacerbate PD should be avoided. Ondansettron appears safe in preventing and treatment of emesis in patients with PD and is also used in treatment of psychosis induced by long term levodopa therapy. Opioids are more succeptible to produce

  • Methamphetamine Vs Meth Essay

    765 Words  | 4 Pages

    between cocaine and meth, in terms of how these drugs affect the individual both physically and psychologically. Both drugs are stimulants so they stimulate the individual and create an euphoric high, as a result of the way both drugs elevate the dopamine levels in the brain. Stimulants such as cocaine and meth cause the user to be more active, talkative, alert, less tired, exhilarated, etc. This essay will talk about each drug signs and symptoms treatment nursing management for drug abuse. Cocaine

  • Literature Review: Parkinson's Disease (PD)

    1902 Words  | 8 Pages

    The degeneration is associated with the reduction in the striatal dopamine. The basic cause of this has been identified as the deposition of the intracytoplasmic proteinaceous inclusions. These inclusions are known as Lewy bodies. α-synuclein is the main constituent of Lewy bodies in Parkinson’s disease. The exact cause

  • Cocaine Informative Speech

    380 Words  | 2 Pages

    but for some reason the number of users has been steadily increasing. I’d like to dive into the chemistry of this drug and explore how it affects the brain on a chemical level. Cocaine works by blocking the reuptake of dopamine in a neuron. This causes an influx of dopamine in the synapse of two neurons. In layman's terms, this basically means that the brain is receiving this “feel-good” feeling over and over again. You're probably wondering why this is such

  • Acute Manic Case Study

    344 Words  | 2 Pages

    consistent with bipolar disorder. Therapy for acute manic episodes includes initiation of a mood stabilizer like lithium as well as an atypical antipsychotic such as risperidone. Risperidone decreases positive symptoms like mania by inhibiting D2 dopamine receptors. D2 receptors in the mesolimbic pathway are thought to be responsible for psychotic episodes. Choice "A" is not the best answer. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter at the neuromuscular junction and also a neurotransmitter in the autonomic

  • Parkinson's Neurodegenerative Disease: A Case Study

    743 Words  | 3 Pages

    reported that in developed countries, nearly one out of 100 people older than 60 years old suffers from Parkinson disease 2. Parkinson is allegedly caused by the damage of brain nerve cells on the substantia nigra. This damage causes the decrease of dopamine in the brain which diminished the ability to regulate the movements, bodies, and emotions 3. The symptoms of the disease include progressive loss of muscle control, slowness of movements (bradykinesia), tremor, postural instability, or catalepsy

  • Essay On Parkinson's Disease

    776 Words  | 4 Pages

    Parkinson’s disease is a disease in the brain that causes to kill nerve cells. These neurons are in a specific place on the brain called substantia nigari. Dopamine is a chemical produced by these neurons that allow movement. What Parkinson’s disease does to the body is lack of movement. This disease stops you from doing some things an individual does every day. For example, walking, talking, eating and etc. Parkinson’s disease limits you from doing these kind of things. Sometimes it does not allow

  • Nicotine Research Paper

    1012 Words  | 5 Pages

    nicotine. Its molecules have almost the same size and shape of acetylcholine which is a neurotransmitter that is vital for the human body. Nicotine as a result acts like a neurotransmitter and activates the release of neurotransmitters like hormones and dopamine. It also stimulates the brain’s pleasure centers. Nicotine also improve one’s memory and concentration According to American Academy of Neurology nicotine is useful in treatment of neurological disorders. Nicotine slows down Alzheimer’s disease

  • Misunderstandings In Tourette

    1022 Words  | 5 Pages

    Tourette is a mental disorder that is perceived to have dysfunction in the frontal lobes. This causes involuntary and uncontrollable repetitive actions such as behavior, thoughts, and vocalization. The involuntary and uncontrollable repetitive action is called “Tics” according to the documentary. However, the uncontrollable action can be suppressed but just for a short period of time. Doing the tics is a sense of relief for the people with Tourette. They feel that if they will not release their

  • Carbamazepine Case Study

    918 Words  | 4 Pages

    Carbamazepine is the first anticonvulsant to show an effect in the treatment of mania in bipolar disorder (Stahl 2000). It was first discovered when patients with “epileptic personalities” showed an increase in their “psychic tempo”(Gualtrieri 2002), which included improvement in attention, concentration and preservation. It was discovered to be useful in the treatment of bipolar disorder in the 1970’s (Chen and Lin 2012). Carbamazepine is a tricyclic compound with a steric structure (Gualtrieri

  • Parkinson's Disease Research Paper

    791 Words  | 4 Pages

    motor disorder resulting from the progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons in an area of the brain known as the basal ganglia, in particular two clusters of cells called the substantia nigra. The manifestations of PD appear when 80% or more of the dopamine producing neurons have been destroyed. Symptoms of PD include difficulty initiating movement (bradykinesia); a shuffling gait; the classic pill rolling hand tremor; a blank facial expression; muscle rigidity; and in 10-15% of cases, the onset of

  • Causes Of Parkinson's Disease

    473 Words  | 2 Pages

    Parkinson’s Disease. Parkinson’s is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that causes neurons in the brain to deteriorate. These neurons, called dopamine neurons, produce a neurotransmitter called dopamine, which regulates and controls movement in the human body, and resides in an area of the brain called the substantia nirga. When the amount of dopamine reduces, neurons are lost; when this happens, the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease make their early visits (Giles). The most recognizable sign of

  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Case Study

    6471 Words  | 26 Pages

    patients with OCD. ?," write Denys, Zohar, and Westenberg in?"The Role of Dopamine in Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Preclinical and Clinical Evidence." Dopamine comes into play in response to amygdalae-generated anxiety in that dopamine drives seeking activity. Seeking activity includes not only the search for food, drink and sex but?in times of anxiety and fear?access to safety. Denys, Zohar, and Westenberg write: "When dopamine is increased, the ability of the prefrontal cortex to suppress the affective

  • Addiction Pharmacology Essay

    986 Words  | 4 Pages

    Addiction Pharmacology “Neuroscience reveals some of the most important conditions that are necessary for behaviour and awareness” Taills R. Evaluate this statement in relation to addiction looking specifically at psychostimulants. Ajomon Joseph The neurobiology of addiction Introduction Neuroscience is started to reveal the neurochemical changes that occur within particular functional regions of the brain that are responsible for the behaviour in addiction, so neuroscience and

  • Essay On Parkinson Disease

    638 Words  | 3 Pages

    Parkinson 's disease and Shingles Parkinson 's disease (PD) par·kin·son·ism (par 'kin-son-izm) is a long-term degenerative disorder of the central nervous system that mainly affects the motor system. The symptoms can come on slowly as time progresses. In the beginning of this disease, the most obvious signs are shaking, and slowness of movement, and difficulty with walking. Thinking and behavioral problems can occur as well. Dementia becomes common in most advanced stages of this disease. I have

  • Reward Dominance Theory And Reward Dominance Theory

    1520 Words  | 7 Pages

    Additionally, drug addiction alters the dopamine systems natural levels, and results in the body being unable to balance the levels of dopamine due to the reduction of dopamine available for release. In conclusion, dopamine receptor gene has been attributed to an increase in the propensity for drug addiction, alcoholism, and thrill seeking behavior (Beaver, 2013). Reward Dominance Theory The study of neurology and neurotransmitters has led to the creation of the neurobiological theory known as the

  • Prefrontal Dysfunction Theory In Criminology

    2004 Words  | 9 Pages

    Inhibition System (BIS). The BAS is associated with the neurotransmitter dopamine. Dopamine is the chemical that moderates pleasure in the brain. It is released during pleasurable situations and causes one to seek out the pleasurable activity. This means food, sex, and several drugs of abuse are also stimulants of dopamine release in the brain, particularly in the prefrontal cortex. Because the BAS is associated with dopamine, it is easy to understand why the BAS is sensitive to reward cues. “The

  • Pharmacokinetics Case Study

    1585 Words  | 7 Pages

    Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of (S)-ketoprofen co-administered with caffeine: a preclinical study in arthritic rats Abstract: The purpose of the present study was to determineing if whether caffeine modifies the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of (S)-ketoprofen following oral administration in a gout-type pain model. 3.2 mg/kg of (S)-ketoprofen alone and combined with 17.8 mg/kg of caffeine were administered to Wistar rats and plasma levels were determined between 0.5-24.0 h. Additionally

  • 2 6 Diisopropylphenol Research Paper

    853 Words  | 4 Pages

    Propofol (2,6-diisopropylphenol) is an alkyl phenol derivative that possesses sedative and hypnotic properties.22 It is a simple phenol substituted with two isopropyl groups in each of the positions adjacent to the hydroxyl group, the ortho positions.23 Administration of propofol, 1.5 to 2.5 mg/kg IV produces unconsciousness within about 30 seconds. Awakening is more rapid and complete. The more rapid return of consciousness with minimal residual central nervous system (CNS) effects is one of the

  • Winadrol Case Study

    1029 Words  | 5 Pages

    Winadrol Review - Does it Work or Fake Pills? See Details Here! Another supplement by Purity Select and is marketed with the name Winadrol. Winadrol claimsto be a powerful supplement with great benefits as regards our body and our general fitness program. Glancing through the product’s details, it seems it contains some safe ingredients with no reported incidence of harm. Consequently, one may want to know if there are special ingredients or mechanisms with which Winadrol pills achieve