Femur Essays

  • Femur Spongy Bone Structure

    2943 Words  | 12 Pages

    Introduction 2. Femur is largest and longest bone in human body. Femur is strongest in compression when compared to the tension and shear. The structure of femur is anisotropy , but for analytical calculation purpose .It is considered as is tropic material. The properties of femur aften compared to the man-made materials. The femur mechanical properties are very potent strong, and impressive. Biomechanics is the application of mechanical principles on living organisms. The study of bio mechanical

  • Case Study Pediatric Subtrochanteric Femur Fracture

    991 Words  | 4 Pages

    Adult Proximal Humerus Locking Plate for the Treatment of a Pediatric Subtrochanteric Femoral fracture: A Case study Pediatric subtrochanteric femur fractures are rare injuries that lead to a high level of satisfactory outcomes after nonoperative treatment in young children and operative treatment in older children and adolescents.1–8 Only limited data have been published on operative treatment of these injuries with reported healing rates of 100% after intramedullary nailing with elastic or rigid

  • Total Knee Arthroplasty

    763 Words  | 4 Pages

    Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) involves the parameter of the distal femur size and proximal tibia size. An accurate of measurements can improve the physiology function of knee after implant and the tissue surrounding the knee. Most of the prosthesis size commercially is following Western measurement therefore the accuracy of having prosthesis for Asian is low compare to others. The probability of mismatch of prosthesis is high in Asian population. A good prosthesis shown the significant in pain relief

  • Essay On Adult Anatomy

    1338 Words  | 6 Pages

    a ball-and-socket joint, the head of the femur articulates with the acetabulum of the pelvis. With how the head is oriented in the socket, the joint is able to withstand tremendous amounts of pressure and allows it to be a strong and stable portion of the human anatomy. The design of the hip is actually very flexible and allows for a wide range of movements in different axis. Anatomically, the “ball” portion of the joint consists of the head of the femur. The “socket”, or acetabulum, is a bit more

  • Transfemoral Amputation Advantages And Disadvantages

    1692 Words  | 7 Pages

    \section{Introduction} \subsection{Motivation} Amputation, is surgically removing all or a part of the limb or arm, leg, foot, hand, toe or finger. The amputation that occurs through the femur is a transfemoral or above knee amputation. Transfemoral amputees form the second largest group of amputees in the world \cite{oandp}. Hence, transfemoral prosthesis is an important field of study. Transfemoral amputation is mostly found in oncology patients. For vascular disease, severe disease affecting

  • Essay On Hip Joint

    1258 Words  | 6 Pages

    like walking, squatting and stair climbing. The bones that form the hips are the femur or far bone and pelvis. The top of the femur shape like a ball called femoral head that fits into a round socket on the side of the pelvis. This socket is named as acetabulum. The femoral head is attached to the rest of the femur by a short section of a bone called femoral neck. A large bone protruding out from the top of the femur which located next to the femoral neck is called the greater trochanter. Large and

  • Traction Splint Essay

    1079 Words  | 5 Pages

    Traction splint (device) is used in compound (open) femur fractures, to help align the broken bone as well as reduce the level of pain. The first practical traction splint was created in 1975 by British orthopaedic surgeon, Hugh Owen Thomas. His family was bonesetter from Welesh and this was inherited by Thomas. The device was introduced to the British and French armies by Sir Robert Jones nephew Thomas in 1915. Thomas had previously offered the device to the French army during the Franco-Prussian

  • Essay On Traction Splint

    945 Words  | 4 Pages

    of soldiers were killed and injured. Some of these injuries were mid-shaft femur fractures. A Welsh surgeon Dr. Hugh Owen Thomas, but it was introduced by Sir Robert Jones during the war, (White, 2011). The introduction of the traction splint (or the Thomas splint) made a significant impact on reducing mortality due to compound femur fractures, (White, 2011). Since then it evolved and became very significant in managing femur fractures. There are a variety of traction splints in terms of appearance

  • Knee Joint Case Study

    1823 Words  | 8 Pages

    leg bud in the 4th week. The formation of femur, tibia and fibula occurs in the 6th week. The knee joint embryologically arises from blastemal cells with the formation of the patella, cruciate ligaments and meniscus in the 7th week.22 Knee joint is formed by two condylar joints between the femoral condyles (medial and lateral both) and the corresponding tibial condyles. Knee joint also has a gliding joint between the patella and the corresponding femur articular surface. The fibula is not involved

  • CJT Case Study Essay

    1599 Words  | 7 Pages

    The Patellofemoral and knee joints would be open, but she has small bone spurs projecting from the patella, going posteriorly towards the femur and superiorly from the tibia towards the femur. The patient is under rotated because the lateral condyle is not completely superimposed over the medial condyle of the femur. The medial condyle is the one that appears “smaller” because it is closest to the image receptor. The lateral condyle is more posterior than the medial so the patient

  • Acute Nursing Case Studies

    1167 Words  | 5 Pages

    Mrs. A was admitted to an acute hospital following a fall, she had been walking to the shops near her home when she fell and sustained a suspected broke hip. An X-ray confirmed she had a valgus Impacted right neck of femur fracture. This type of fracture is where the head of the femur is broke and Mrs. A would need surgery

  • Essay On Knee Joint

    1537 Words  | 7 Pages

    bones which are the femur, tibia and patella (Taylor, n.d.). There are two rounded, convex processes which are known as condyles on the distal end of the femur. The distal end of the femur meets two rounded, concave condyles at the proximal end of the tibia (Tyalor, n.d.). A thick, triangular bone which is known as patella lies anterior surface between the femur and tibia. In each knee joint, there is two pieces of C-shaped cartilage which lies between the surfaces of the femur and tibia. The lateral

  • Osteoporosis Lab

    1803 Words  | 8 Pages

    especially in the secondary spongy areas and reduced the number of bone resorption pouches and OC. H-HE can also recover the Tb.N, Tb.Th and Tb.Sp just as positive group. CONCLUSION This study has demonstrated that H-HE can effectively increase BMD of the femurs, increased Tb.N and Tb.Th, but reduced Tb.Sp, all of which contribute to the treatment of

  • Planar Motion

    1167 Words  | 5 Pages

    acts as a center of rotation. This technique yields a description of motion at one point only and is not applicable if motion of 15 degree or greater exists in other planes. When the instantaneous center of rotation is at the contact point between femur and tibia, the instantaneous velocity is zero and the tibia is rolling around the femoral surface. An understanding of the motion between the articulating surfaces of the knee joint is important for understanding causes of wear, instability and loosening

  • Torn Knee Ligament Research Paper

    1127 Words  | 5 Pages

    Basically, there are four main ligaments; Medial collateral ligament(MCL), Lateral collateral ligament(LCL), Anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) and Posterior cruciate ligament(PCL). All these ligaments have different functions. - MCL is located between femur and tibia. It helps protect the knee joint from the outer side forces, and it controls the amount of movement of knee. For the MCL injury, it happens mostly during the sports, especially in soccer and in rugby when the players have to tackle each other

  • Memoral Torsion Research Paper

    796 Words  | 4 Pages

    Treatment Options for Femoral Anteversion By Liji Thomas, MD Femoral anteversion refers to medial torsion of the femur which is a normal variant in most children but may be excessive in a small minority. In them it leads to in-toeing of the feet and a clumsy gait while walking or running. The physician then has several possibilities. A decision is made based upon the child’s age, previous and current medical history, health status and the problem posed by the torsion. Observation Most children with

  • Hip Dislocation Case Study

    1539 Words  | 7 Pages

    and intramedullary nailing of the left femur. Within 5 hours of his injury, the patient underwent closed reduction of the left hip with the aid of a temporary external fixator applied on the femoral shaft proximal to the fracture. The external fixator rod was used as a handle, and the reduction was successful after the first attempt, as confirmed by the C-arm (Figure 2). Subsequently, the external fixator was removed, and intramedullary nailing of the left femur was carried out. After completion of

  • Essay On Orthopedics

    1201 Words  | 5 Pages

    Orthopedic doctors treat patients' with musculoskeletal framework issues. This implies they look after patients who have issues with their bones, joints, muscles, and tendons. You have over 200 bones and joints in your body. If by chance that only one of them isn't working appropriately, you could be in for a ton of hurt and uneasiness. An orthopedic specialist works in the wellbeing of these bones and joints, and can help analyze and treat your issue. Numerous orthopedic specialists rehearse general

  • Pelvic Girdle Research Paper

    1038 Words  | 5 Pages

    girdle. *The pelvic girdle has a depression (concavity) at the junction of the three bones which is known as acetabulum, into which the head of femur of the hind limb articulates.

  • Hip Dysplasia Research Paper

    768 Words  | 4 Pages

    Hip dysplasia (HD) is associated with an abnormal joint structure and laxity of the muscles, connective tissue (CT) and ligament that normally support the joint. As this joint laxity develops, the articular surfaces on the femur and in the acetabulum loose contact with each other. This separation within the joint is known as a subluxation and will cause drastic changes in both the size and shape of the articular surfaces. All dysplastic dogs are born with normal hips but the soft tissues surrounding