Galactose Essays

  • Cellular Respiration Lab Report

    1079 Words  | 5 Pages

    Cell Respiration Lab Research Question What is the optimal temperature for germinating pea-seeds where the rate of respiration is the greatest? Background Information Cell Respiration refers to the biochemical process conducted by the cells of an organism that combines glucose and oxygen to produce energy in the form of ATP, along with two by-products, water and carbon dioxide. The equation representing this chemical reaction is shown below. C6H12O6 + 6 O2 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP Although plants and

  • Galactosemia Research Paper

    776 Words  | 4 Pages

    sugar called galactose cannot be digested by the body. When galactose cannot be digested, it builds up in the body and causes damage to the liver, brain, eyes, kidneys, central nervous system, and other body systems. Galactose is mainly found in dairy products but is also in many other foods. The diet for galactosemia involves avoiding foods and drinks that contain galactose. You should follow this diet for your entire life. What are tips for following this plan? Foods that contain galactose are not allowed

  • Ceruloplasmin Case Study

    1490 Words  | 6 Pages

    diarrhea and prolonged conjugated hyperbilirubinemia are the commonest presenting symptom. Jaundice and hepatomegaly develop early. Cataract also develops with time. Untreated disease may progress to cirrhosis. Ascites may develop with continued galactose ingestion as the disease progresses and is present in most infants who die due to this

  • Essay On Macromolecules

    1204 Words  | 5 Pages

    needed to break carbohydrates down into simpler components that can easily be used for energy. However, enzymes are very specific and only react to certain substrates, as shown by part A of this lab, where glucose trinder was exposed to glucose, galactose, mannose, and lactose, but only reacted with glucose. To show how pH can have an effect on enzymatic reactions, lactose was exposed to lactase at different pH 's, the data showed that the reactions occurred more easily at the more neutral pH 's (closer

  • Essay On Immobilized Enzymes

    959 Words  | 4 Pages

    What is the impact of utilizing immobilized enzymes in the lactose industry? Introduction Enzymes are protein molecules that act as catalysts (they speed up chemical reactions) in living organisms. Enzymes are specified, however, they are not permanently specified- they do not change from reactions, which allows them to be reused. Despite the fact that they can be reused, if enzymes are in a solution with their reactants, it is difficult to separate them. Without enzymes, the chemical reactions

  • Monosaccharides Research Paper

    857 Words  | 4 Pages

    Disaccharides There are three dietary monosaccharides called glucose, fructose, and galactose. Monosaccharides are single-ring structures, and they form the basic building blocks for more complex sugars, such as disaccharides. Disaccharides are referred to as double sugars because they are made from a combination of two monosaccharides. In dehydration synthesis, water is removed and two monosaccharides become a disaccharide. Dehydration Synthesis, or condensation reaction, is when we can take these

  • Biology Multiple Choice Question

    1144 Words  | 5 Pages

    Principles of Human Physiology, 4e (Stanfield) Chapter 2 The Cell: Structure and Function 2.1 Multiple Choice Questions Figure 2.1 Using Figure 2.1, answer the following questions: 1) Which of the following nucleotide sequences accurately reflects the mRNA that would be produced from the double-stranded DNA pictured in Figure 2.1? A) TGTCTCACTGTCTTG B) ACAGAGTGACAGAAC C) UGUCUCACUGUCUUG D) ACAGAGUGACAGAAC E) GTTCTGTCACTCTGT Answer: C Diff: 5 Page Ref: 26 1 Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc

  • Digestive Function In Humans

    700 Words  | 3 Pages

    small intestine. The epithelium absorbs these simple saccharides (such as dextrin and maltose). These sugars, in their simplest forms (as glucose, fructose, or galactose), will enter the capillaries where they enter the blood stream via different transporters such as the GLUT transporter (a facilitative sugar transporter)(7). Fructose and galactose will enter the liver via the hepatic portal system where they are broken down to glucose. Glucose is already at an optimal state for use in tissues at the

  • ABO Blood Group System

    1345 Words  | 6 Pages

    enzyme, L- fucosyl tranferase that adds L-fucose to the terminal galactose to form the H antigen (Ahmed, 2007). Individuals with with blood grioup A and AB contain the A gene which is found on chromosme 9. This gene encodes N-acetylgalactosaminyl transferase which adds N- acetylgalactosamine to the terminal galactose of the H antigen, to create the A antigen (Ahmed, 2007). The B gene encodes D galactosyl transferase which adds D-galactose to the ternminal glactose of the H antigen to create B antigen

  • The ABO Blood Group System

    1220 Words  | 5 Pages

    Introduction: ABO blood group system was first known in 1901 by an Austrian immunologist Karl Landsteiner. He mixed red cells suspensions, taken individually from many people, with some separated sera. He got four patterns of agglutination. ABO groups frequency changes in different group populations. Asians have a high incidence of group B whereas Amerindians almost have group O. In the UK, the percent of the four blood groups are: A (42%), O (46.5%), AB (3%), and B (8,5%). (1) Karal Landsteiner

  • St. Dalfour Research Paper

    1282 Words  | 6 Pages

    Fructose, glucose and galactose are contained in monosccarides. In this spread, β-D fructose also known as levulose and fruit sugar are presented and fructose is the sweetest of the monosaccharides which help to sweeten the spread. β-D-glucose also has presented in this spread which can be found in honey and fruits. Glucose is good in metabolized in the body for energy. For galactose, it is an isomer of glucose with a hydroxyl group on carbon 4 reversed

  • 1 2-Propanediol Analysis

    717 Words  | 3 Pages

    final major of their metabolism. MICROORGANISMS PRODUCING 1, 2-PROPANEDIOL Wide ranges of bacteria are acknowledged at present to ferment sugars for 1, 2-propanediol. The manufacture of this diol accounted in bacteria and yeast. Enebo as early as in 1954 reported Clostridium thermobutyricum to generate 1, 2-propanediol. Suzuki and onishi were the first to inform propanediol as being an entity to produce yeast. Ten years afterwards, Bacteroides ruminicola was cited as manufacturer of this diol

  • Lactose Intolerance Essay

    1473 Words  | 6 Pages

    For lactose to be absorbed, it must first be split into two simple sugars, glucose and galactose. The glucose and galactose are then absorbed by the cells lining the small intestine. Lactose intolerance is caused by reduced or absent activity of lactase that prevents the splitting of lactose (Marks). The breakdown of milk into its component building blocks

  • Chemical Digestion Lab Report

    297 Words  | 2 Pages

    The process of chemical digestion in the breaking down of food with enzymes so that they can become molecules such as nutrients, salts and water , so that way they are easily absorbed and utilized. The process of absorption involves moving such molecules through the GI epithelium and into the blood or lipids. Ingested food is initially broken down mechanically by your mouth into pieces that are easier to swallow, and then broken down again into even smaller pieces so that in can continue its journey

  • Carbohydrates Research Paper

    1735 Words  | 7 Pages

    CARBOHYDRATES Carbohydrates are the most abundant biomolecules on Earth. Each year, photosynthesis converts more than 100 billion metric tons of CO2 and H2O into cellulose and other plant products. Carbohydrates are widely distributed in plants and animals; they have important structural and metabolic roles. In plants, glucose is synthesized from carbon dioxide and water by photosynthesis and stored as starch or used to synthesize the cellulose of the plant cell walls. Animals can synthesize carbohydrates

  • Essay On Sugar Allergy

    1098 Words  | 5 Pages

    What is a Sugar Allergy? It’s hard to escape sugar—it’s in a lot of the foods that you probably eat on a daily basis, with the obvious being foods like fruit, desserts, sodas, pastries, ice cream, and dairy products. But, you may not be aware that it's also an additive in many other favorite foods like sports drinks, cereals, bottled condiments, salad dressings, and more. Sugar acts as one type of fuel source for the body’s cells, so it plays a significant role in providing your body with energy

  • Beta Galactosidase Lab Report

    494 Words  | 2 Pages

    to hold specific substrates. Beta-galactosidase is one of the three genes in the lac operon. A lac operon is an operon required for the digestion of lactose in bacteria cells. B-galactosidase converts lactose, a disaccharide, into glucose and galactose, monosaccharides. The substrate for beta-galalactoside is ortho-nitrophenyl-B-galactoside. ONPG is structured similarly to lactose. The purpose of the experiment was to add a competitive inhibitor to observe if the reaction rate would slow down.

  • Elodea Experiment

    1277 Words  | 6 Pages

    A total of two different exercises were preformed in the present experiment. A simulation of an undersea plant, Elodea in this experiment, was utilized to observe how strands of the plant respire in certain conditions. Four clean test tubes were obtained and filled to the brim with bromothymol blue (BTB); a neutral base with a pH of 7.0. Two tubes, one with an elodea strain, the other with just the BTB, were exposed to a bright light shining on them. The remaining two test tubes, one with another

  • How Does Sugar Cause Tooth Decay

    724 Words  | 3 Pages

    According to Encyclopedia Britannica, sugar is a carbohydrate and the most common sugar is sucrose which is contained in the two main plants that make sugar, sugarcane and sugar beet. About 80% of the food Americans consume contain sugar in it. Sugar is the most consume energy abundant food source that is found in everything from coke, cotton candy, spaghetti sauce, and baked pastries.  Although high consumption of sugar could create tooth decay, sugar is made natural from plants, and sugar promotes

  • Digestion Research Paper

    698 Words  | 3 Pages

    Digestion is a form of catabolism process of breaking down food physically and chemically large food molecules in to smaller components. Chemically digestion is carried out using enzymes and hormones with in different segments of the digestive tract. The presence of enzymes in the digestive tract helps breakdown polymeric biomolecules into individual monomers. This process is crucial for surviving because cells cannot use nutrients the way they were consumed without being metabolized. Nutrients need