“America Before Columbus” Written Response By: Elaina Farris I myself, like many others, have never heard of the Cahokia Mounds, or the civilization that created them. After reading about the people and their way of life I was quite amazed. How interesting to think that the Cahokia leader, the Great Sun, would howl at the sun every morning on top of a 15-acre ceremonial mound. I was most surprised that such a civilized and developed group of group could be completely wiped out.
Ashna Mehrotra Mr. Lifland AP U.S. History August 15, 2015 A People’s History of the United States by Howard Zinn Chapter One- Columbus, The Indians, and Human Progress Zinn believes that history is being told incorrectly, as it is favored towards the prominent figures of that time. As evidence to prove this, Zinn uses Columbus’s exploration.
The United States admires Christopher Columbus for the things people think he did, but his “accomplishments” and “discoveries” may have been false. Columbus day should not be celebrated because he didn’t do the things he said he did, he did terrible things, and he caused problems to happen. Christopher Columbus didn’t do the things he said he did like discovering America, having knowledge, and he never actually meant to find the Americas. Columbus did terrible things such as encouraging men to rape girls, having harsh punishments for people with minor offenses, and he lead hunting dogs to tear the Indians apart. He caused many problems like death, slavery, and destroying culture.
“1491” Questions 1. Two scholars, Erikson and William Balée believe that almost all aspects of Native American life have been perceived wrong. Although some refuse to believe this, it has been proven to be the truth. Throughout Charles C. Mann’s article from The Atlantic, “1491”, he discusses three main points: how many things that are viewed as facts about the natives are actually not true, the dispute between the high and low counters, and the importance of the role disease played in the history of the Americas. When the term “Native American” is heard, the average person tends to often relate that to a savage hunter who tries to minimize their impact on their surrounding environment.
In the Non-fiction book, 1491: New Revelations of the Americas before Columbus, Charles Mann aims to debunk an array of beliefs about Native Americans that most scholars once insisted were true. Mann’s research suggests that the native people of the Americas are more intelligent and sophisticated than previously predicted, live in higher numbers and greatly impact the natural landscape. The book is split into three parts: Numbers from Nowhere, Very Old Bones, and Landscapes with Figures. These parts focus on the population, culture, origins and the environment. Mann builds his arguments by reassessing a myriad of pre-existing views about the Americas prior to 1492. He then uses his new findings to prove his theories. This informative read provides
The document “Labor Needs” talks about Columbus taking advantage of the Taino Indians by making them his slave labor. The way he tried to send them to Spain in order to learn the Spanish language, but the voyage to Spain was not successful. Then the author talks about how Europe stopped using “white” Arabs as slaves before the expansion of the Ottoman Empire. After the expansion the portages started trading with the west
This podcast briefly summarizes the significance of role of Christopher Columbus as one of the founding fathers of the United States of America. Contrary to the beliefs in 19th and early 20th century of him as a hero and symbol of bravery and a visionary, they talk about how he was actually heading in the wrong journey and overthrowing the indigenous people. Along with this many of his characteristics were known to be whitewashed to show importance of certain agendas. His every memory is carefully scrutinized and is broken down into various incidence over the hundreds of years.
“Following the light of the sun, we left the Old World” once spoke by Christopher Columbus. Christopher Columbus as the man that discovered the new world and who introduced new plants and animals to both the new and old worlds. After they made their journey towards the new world, just leaving everything else behind. If they would have thought about what to do if they ran into new people they could have handled things differently, instead of invading the Native Americans land and seem threatening. People often forget the good that was brought in because as a society we tend to focus on the negatives then the positives. The quote shows how they just left everything behind and not thinking how it would affect other. During the Columbian Exchange, the Native Americans were greatly impacted by the contracting of foreign diseases brought over by the Europeans, the
Many people when they were younger, including myself, were taught that Columbus is a hero and an amazing person who discover the New World. We were all told that Columbus’s purpose for sailing thousands of miles across the Atlantic was to come here in search of undiscovered land. Columbus DID want land but he was expecting to get that land from
Although they dressed well with various types of feather earrings and gold necklaces and earrings, they did not hold any value on gold or any other type of precious things they had. Whereas, the Spanish wanted gold because of money and this lead to them treating the Indians horribly so that they would become their slaves and help find them more gold to send back to their kingdom. The Arawak people were beaten to death, hung and endured other types of torture because the Spanish wanted more gold, but there was only a limited supply of gold on the land they were living on. Thus, this lead in many casualties of the Arawak people, and numerous Indians were later sold into slavery and brought to Spain, where they would endure even more hard labor
“Columbus, the Indians, and Human Progress”, chapter one of “A People’s History of the United States”, written by professor and historian Howard Zinn, concentrates on a different perspective of major events in American history. It begins with the native Bahamian tribe of Arawaks welcoming the Spanish to their shores with gifts and kindness, only then for the reader to be disturbed by a log from Columbus himself – “They willingly traded everything they owned… They would make fine servants… With fifty men we could subjugate them all and make them do whatever we want.” (Zinn pg.1) In the work, Zinn continues explaining the unnecessary evils Columbus and his men committed unto the unsuspecting natives. The argument that seems to be made (how Columbus
In the article “Christopher Columbus: Here or Villain” written by B. Myint starts his article by correcting a common false facts about Christopher Columbus. Also Myint mansions the great success of a man with 41 years old that his journey changed the world. The author claims that in the 15 century was a widespread believe among the educated Europeans that the earth is rounded. The writer mansions the deal between the Spanish Royal family and Christopher, which he must agree on a necessary terms to fund his trip. According to the author Christopher Columbus enslaved the native Americans right after they peacefully and generously welcomed him and his crew. The writer states that after seven years of Christopher deal with the Spanish Royal family
a. Trade and the advancement of technology both motivated and provided the means to the colonization and exploration across the seas. First, trading throughout Europe demonstrated a very profitable means of income for every nation, but the slow travel routes motivated the exploration of a new path to the desired destination. Trading had also provided the means of colonization because of the motivated exploration of new land. The development and advancement of new technologies had encouraged exploration because of the desire to demonstrate and test the new technologies such as the compass and gunpowder. The use of gunpowder had consequently improved the desire to trade as well.
The marketing of products and ideas influence all people 's lives and has been a part of the human experience for thousands of years. This marketing can take on a number of different forms, but one of the most common forms is propaganda. According to Fleming, propaganda is the use of specific "techniques to influence thinking in whatever direction" the author wants and in most cases to "sell" an idea or product (3). Two of the earliest accounts of this popular marketing method, in Western Hemisphere, come for the letters and reports of both Christopher Columbus and John Smith. Both of which tried to marketed the newly discovered and settled North American continent. They did this by using propaganda to make many different aspects of this "New World" appealing to Europeans. These aspects included landscape, indigenous peoples, and who was meant to settle this "New World".
Before the Spanish ship that changed it all, which arrived in the “New World” in 1492, thriving organized communities of native people had centuries of history on the land. That ship, skippered by Christopher Columbus, altered the course of both Native American and European history. 1492 sparked the fire of cultural diffusion in the New World which profoundly impacted the Native American peoples and the European settlers.