In accepts that all humans should be treated as equals and that different cultures can co-exist if they accept liberal values” (JUPP 1996: 40). the rise of multiculturalism in Australia was due to the operations and lobbying of an entire movement and network of people (many now part of the "Multicultural Industry") who pushed for the adoption of multiculturalism as official government policy. James Jupp has admitted that "There is, then, no doubt that a small, mainly politically-involved minority ushered in multiculturalism as public policy". Zubrzycki claimed that "the major breakthrough" came in 1972 when Jean Martin (who largely wrote the 1977 report) gave her Meredith Memorial Lecture on the subject, followed by Grassby 's "much publicised address" on multiculturalism in 1973. Indeed, "Australia 's public debate about 'multiculturalism ' really developed during 1973 with the then Minister of Immigration, Al
The Constitution has had a huge impact on the way we live, awarding us rights and freedoms that include the right to vote, be educated and choose our religion .These parts of the Constitution have changed the way we live our lives today and are a crucial piece in protecting out rights. So what Rights are featured in the constitution? In 1989, several Delegates favoured a section similar to the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution appear in the Australian Constitution. However, the majority felt that the traditional rights and freedoms of British subjects were adequate for our country. As mentioned in the introduction, a handful of implied and express rights were included nonetheless.
Over the past three decades, the United States federal government has been attempting to use legislation for health care reform in an effort to control rising costs and to expand insurance coverage for all Americans. There were several heated debates and failures along the way, with the ultimate overhaul expansion of health care that took place during the 111th Congress culminating in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), or as known to the general public as Obamacare. The ACA is a 2,400-page bill that was passed along party lines and signed in to law by President Obama on March 23, 2010. The bill encompasses several facets of various government agencies including the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Department of Health and
With the event of the Port Arthur massacre in 1996, the Australian population where pushing tighter gun laws. With the quick development of one of the largest gun reforms in recent history, Australia became and remains the standard for advocates of anti-gun and gun control campaigns. As Australia being a federation, John Howard (who has only been in office six weeks) had to convince the country’s states into supporting a nationwide reform. With the ‘Australian gun buyback’ in 1996-97, 650,000 privately held guns were collected and destroyed in an incentive to minimise gun related crime.
My fight for Aboriginal rights started in 1956 when I co-founded the Aboriginal Australian Fellowship, a campaigning group founded to draw attention to and to achieve equal pay and citizenship for Aboriginal people. I was greatly influenced by Jessie street, whom I have continuously shared many spectacular memories with. and by 1950 was endorsed as a delegate to the peace council. In 1953 I was married to Hans Bandler, where we raise the beautiful Ida In 1957, I and fellow activist Jessie Street launched a petition in support of the referendum culminating in the 1967 victory. In 1974, I decided to direct my energies to the plight of my own people, the 16,000 descendants of South Sea Islanders.
I ventured over to the Massachusetts State House, more specifically Doric Hall. There, I was able to view the “Hear Us” six-part mural (one for each letter of “hear us,” which I thought was extremely creative in itself). The mural served to, “Honor the contributions of women to public life in Massachusetts” (PAMPHLET). The woman that the walk particularly highlights in this mural is Lucy Stone, for her suffragist accolades. The (main) quote on her plaque is from her speech to the National Woman’s Rights Convention of 1855, it
Bringing Them Home Report Today, our society live freely by following our right and freedom, our rights to do and our freedom to say. However, Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders suffered and are still suffering through a long journey to be accepted in Australia as one. Different events occurred during the 90s to today, such as the Mabo decision, referendums and protests. The Bringing Them Home report was a significant event for the civil rights of Aboriginals and Torres Strait Islander people. The Bringing Them Home report was the result of a national inquiry that includes 680 pages created in 1997.
Sawer, identifies that in order for certain individuals/classes to have equal opportunities the government had to step in with the introduction of a means-tested income, among many other interventions. These interventions demonstrated the Australian governments growing egalitarian views, as seen in the White Australia Policy (Saunders, 2004 p.6). This policy was designed to provide Australian workers with priority employment over immigrants. Nonetheless, this egalitarian interpretation of fairness has disintegrated over the last quarter of a century and has been substituted for an economy that utilises diversity and liberalistic principles. Saunders utilises the welfare system debate to demonstrate how political activists and individuals who lobby against the governments attempts to reduce the number of people on welfare; or to have welfare recipients participate in some form of mutual obligation- such as the working for the dole scheme, show only an understanding of procedural fairness not the distributional aspect of fairness (Habibis, 2015 p.86).
Many polls were held in 1997, asking whether or not non-Aboriginal people should apologize for the acts of the Stolen Generations for sixty years in the twentieth century. A majority of people voted yes, and so the Prime Minister formally apologized with a heartfelt thirty minute speech from the Parliament House in Canberra, addressing all Aboriginal people, on February 12th, 2008. Rudd felt that that the Stolen Generations were getting older, it was the time to act. There was a heavily mixed response from all audiences in Australia, half of the people saying that the speech was influential, a good thing to do and that Kevin Rudd did the right thing. The other half, however, did not think that the speech was such a good thing, and gave a slightly negative reaction.
COAG consists of the Prime Minister, State Premiers, Territory Chief Ministers and the President of the Australian Local Government Association. It is a long-term action plan that aims to construct itself on the foundation of respect and unity provided by the 2008 National Apology to the Indigenous people of Australia. It recognises that to improve the lives and opportunities of the Indigenous Australians, extreme and sustained effort is required from all levels of government, as well as individuals, communities, and the private and not for profit sectors. COAG hopes this policy will help eradicate the disadvantages faced by Indigenous Australians in terms of life expectancy, child mortality, education and employment (COAG,
Arran Gare, an Australian philosopher at the Swinburne University of Technology in Melbourne, Australia, discusses the need for early education in his article “Educating for Democracy: Teaching ‘Australian values’”. This idea of education in order to form an informed population is also central to Robert Dahl’s enlightened public. Education is a necessary component of democracy because it enables citizens to have areas where they can develop an enlightened understanding in order to be informed and able to
Equality: Equality is the word that can be used to describe many positive and negative prospects of our society. When there is no equality than it gives the growth to discrimination. The laws that prevent discrimination: Following are the laws that operate at federal level in Australia to prevent discrimination. Age Discrimination Act 2004: The Age Discrimination Act 2004 helps to ensure that people are not treated less favorably on the ground of age in various areas of public life including: • employment • provision of goods and services • education • administration of Commonwealth laws and programs Disability Discrimination Act 1992: The Disability Discrimination Act 1992 has as its major objectives to • eliminate discrimination against people with disabilities • promote