Imperialism, as an irrevocable phenomenon, facilitated the expansionism, conflicting interests, intense nationalism, and seething competition that enveloped the European continent at the beginning of the 20th century. Characteristic of the movement, imperialism fostered policies of colonial expansion and conquest, exemplified by the evidence of Source B. The German imperialistic career, beginning after the events of the Franco-German War in 1884, swallowed almost a million square miles and governed an additional 14 million people; the French Empire, after a revival of ‘the old colonial spirit’ conquered an area of over 3.5 million square miles and brought under its protection over 37 million indigenous peoples of these colonies; Italian, Russian,
New Imperialism describes a practice set in motion by the major western powers during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The “New Imperialism” surge that took place in the 1870’s and on through 1905 had come about suddenly due to various factors including many economic, political, and social forces. The European powers, the United States, and the Empire of Japan had somewhat similar circumstances taking place in their own countries, therefore they all had similar reasons to take part in the practice. One major reason for the surge in new imperialism was the economy. This time period was not long after a agricultural revolution, and soon after an industrial revolution.
The 19th century was an era of unbridled Imperial expansion with European colonies established all over the world. In the last quarter of the 19th century there were a number of wars and expeditions that saw the creation and expansion of colonial empires such as the French expeditions to Vietnam, Tunisia and Morocco, the conquest of the Congo by the Belgians, British expansion to India, Egypt, Sudan and South Africa and finally German and Italian expansion in Africa. The 19th century was also an era of rapidly accelerating scientific discovery and invention which gave European powers an advantage over native populations. This rapid expansion of European Empires across the globe has lead scholars to explore and consider the the reasons why this occurred.
Imperialism can be roughly defined as the forcible imposition of one country’s rule on the unwilling inhabitants of another. Between 1870 and the outbreak of WWI, nearly ¼ of the Earth’s surface was controlled by small, European nations. Nations such as Japan and the United States would follow suit in pursuing their own territorial gains. What all these nations held in common was a heritage of nationalism and expansive industrialization. They commanded large governments and oversaw vast amounts of wealth and firepower that were beyond the holdings of the nations they sought to control.
The social reaction to expansionism continued throughout both movements because the opposing sides of each argument disagreed on completely different topics. Many during the time of Imperialism believed America was destined to expand due to the believed superiority of the Anglo-Saxon race (Doc 1), and was justified in expanding due to the fact that America would spread democracy and that they were required to expand because it was the “White Man’s Burden” (Doc 1-POV). This is also true for Manifest Destiny, which was built on the idea that God ordained the western hemisphere for Americans.
In 1897, under the guidance of of president’s Willian McKinley, the United States had the victory over the Spanish and American war in 1898. During this time, the American empire invaded Puerto Rico, Guam, Hawaii and the Philippines and became a big American Imperialism in U.S history. The United States decided to make Puerto Rico and Guam became an insular area under the sovereignty of the United States, organized territory but not incorporated in the United States. Hawaii became a parts of the U.S and last Philippines had rules under by the U.S for many years before gave them the right to self-government.
“The colonial situation manufactures colonialists, just as it manufactures the colonised” (Memmi 1974:56-57). Anglo-Indians, the ‘experienced’ colonists, force their own stereotypes of the natives upon newcomers. The colonisers arrive fresh from England “intending to be gentlemen, and are told it will not do.” Hence, “[t]hey all become exactly the same – not worse, not better” (p.34). Ronny Heaslop complains that “[p]eople are so odd out here, and it’s not like home – one’s always facing the footlights ….
Imperialism is when a country makes another country submit to their rules through diplomatic or military means. Imperialism in Europe began in the mid 1800’s and ended in the early 1900’s. It changed the world for the better through the spread of better health care, education, and new languages. Europeans brought new languages, medicine, and inventions to the natives, which improved their lives for the better. It was imperialism that improved the natives living conditions, and gave them more appealing lives.
The British and their East India Company came to India, motivated by political, economic, and social interests. They desired land, raw materials, money, and control. This left the Indians in starvation and poverty, fighting for the independence of their people. British rule served the English with a government designed to control Indians, taxing them when they were dying from famine caused by British economic cash crop policies, leaving remaining Indians illiterate, and never giving them a chance to benefit from trade links. British imperialism had a negative impact on the politics of India because the British taxed Indians even when they were starving, as well as established a government with an army, police force, and justice system
According to the spread of imperialism, many empires use military force or coercion to control other countries actively, then to build colonies in other countries. Those practices of empire are so called ‘Imperialism’. Imperialism has become the driving force of many important historical events since ancient time. Before we trying to consider many important global issues, such as globalization, income gap etc. We should have belief understanding to the cause of those issues.