Because of its importance at the time, countries are forced to do action that was unnecessary and that would start conflict. So what A-H did was they took action and sent an ultimatum to Serbia that should humiliate Serbia. The action displayed by A-H provoke Serbia, and that the ultimatum that was sent by A-H, was quoted from Winston Churchill “the most insolent document of its kind ever devised”. And worse Serbia couldn’t agree to all of them because it would be a breach of Serbian sovereignty. Which forced Serbia to disagree to one of the demands and caused A-H to declare war.
The peace treaty of Versailles had created a lot of hatred between nations, especially Germany, which was left humiliated and isolated. When Germany gained power again and resisted the obligations of Versailles, other European powers became alert and saw the need for new alliances. They all feared another war. Nationalist fascist leaders gained power in Germany, Italy, and Spain. These nations were very militaristic and probed for a new war, especially Germany.
During the 1900s, many people took pride in their countries and wanted to prove the world how great their country is. And to do that, they would have to declare and win a war against their rivals. It led to the war for the reason that the overconfidence fueled their strength in militarism. This is probably why other countries such as Portugal and Italy joined the war- simply because of their confidence. There were downsides to it- it made the war longer then everyone thought it would be as there were so many countries fighting, hence being called World War 1.
The Balkans was a very unstable area, and it was also known as the “sick man of Europe”. The Balkans included different nationalities such as the Serbs, Croatians and Bosnians, and each wanted independence for their country and they didn’t want to be combined and controlled together, which made it harder to rule. There were also a series of wars between the Balkans and Serbia, and as a result Serbia doubled its size. Additionally, Serbia was now determined to unite all Serbs into a “Greater Serbia”. The growing Serbia was a threat to Austria-Hungary, since it was easier for Serbia to attack Austria-Hungary after Austria-Hungary’s colonization of Bosnia-Herzegovina, which is one of the Slavic groups with Serbia.
The distrust throughout the countries led to treaties pledging that certain countries would defend each other, which separated the countries outside of the pledges further (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”). This only increased the tension, as each country began taking sides, and set the stage for the war. Eventually, Germany began to fear that the French were seeking revenge from a previous war, the Franco-Prussian War. Germany knew that France wouldn’t attack alone, so they quickly took action and formed the Triple Alliance. Germany signed a treaty with Austria-Hungary and Italy, enforcing the fact that each country was beginning to take sides (Adelblue “Setting the Stage for War”).
World War One was a time of struggle in Europe. Many factors lead to great tensions in Europe, enlarging the need for a war. World War I was immediately precipitated by the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary by a Serbian nationalist in 1914. There were many factors that had led toward war. Most of these causes and events are classified into five main themes: imperialism, militarism, the Balkans, nationalism and alliance system.
Nicole Beliakov Geography 150 Rise in nationalism in Europe is not a new phenomenon. The history of Europe is marred by two world wars, when nationalism flourished and led to the enormous loss of human lives. During these wars, manifestations of nationalism were especially overt and even obligatory because European governments needed a justification of wars in order to mobilize people, to maintain morale and readiness of citizens to provide labor, resources, and to sacrifice their lives for the cause, and nationalism was a powerful doctrine that provided such justification. After the second world war, to avoid repetition of these tragic events, European nations began their steady advance towards economic and political integration, which culminated in the establishment of the European Union. Presently, the very foundation of the EU is under the threat due to nationalism, which has risen in prominence and popularity in the context of rising inequality, immigration of people of not only different ethnicities but also different religions, economic crises, terrorism, and shortcomings of EU system of governance.
Not only was this a sign that the world did not cooperate with each other, but it was also another sign that explained why the nations did not meet frequently at the World Court, which was made to solve arguments. There were many arguments between key European nations, such as Britain, France, Russia, Germany, and Austria-Hungary. They eventually split into two groups. Germany was a major threat to the world, especially when World War II broke out, but this is discussed
Looking back at the early 1930’s, there are many people today who would criticize the British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain with his policy of appeasement towards the Natzi leader, Adolf Hitler. Appeasement is defined as “the policy of acceding to the demands of a potentially hostile nation in the hope of maintaining peace.” However, historians now know that peace was never an option for the German leader. His invasion of the Rhineland and Austria was only the beginning; Hitler had his eyes set on Poland, Russia and eventually the world. Chamberlain has been heavily criticized for simply handing over the Sudetenland because this action showed that Hitler had the upper hand. It helped the Natzis become much more powerful, encouraged aggression,
The British did not respect the colonization in the New World and were not fond of the idea that the United States being a newly independent nation. Americans drew the last straw and built stronger nationalism to fight even though the United States was severely unprepared for war. The Americans were willing to go to war to proudly defeat
Europe was still very unstable because of the effects of World War I especially Germany. Their politics and economy were very unstable, so it was easy for a dictator to take the “throne”. Hitler and the Nazi party soonly took over. The Allied powers continually tried to get Hitler to stop expanding and conquering other lands. Hitler agreed, but continually disregarded them violating and denouncing the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I. Germany signed treaties with Japan and Italy to help them take over the world.
They all jumped in to help their friends that were pointing a finger at somebody else. The war could’ve just been a spat between Austria-Hungary and Serbia if Russia hadn’t been so eager to protect the other countries, like Serbia, they had an ethnic tie with. Although there are many possible reasons for the war, militarism, imperialism, and alliances are the main three with alliances being the most main reason. Militarism and imperialism riled up the countries, making them angry and afraid, but alliances really pushed the countries over the edge into the war. It all just piled up into one big, bad heap of hatred that spurred the countries
Having allies with another nation wasn’t a bad thing, but it did cause distrust between nations and it also caused them to fight for an alliance. Document A ‘‘European Alliances, 1914’’ shows us the different types of alliances that nations had with each other. Germany, Austria-Hungary and Italy were known as the Triple Alliance. There was also the Triple Entente, an alliance between France, Great Britain and Russia. Alliances helped cause the war because nations would be against each other and they would also want to be dominant.
When Franz Ferdinand gets assassinated sparking the concept of war between two countries, different countries come in do to alliances between the countries. The Triple Entente that includes Britain, France and Russia as well as the triple alliance including Austria-Hungary, Italy and Germany. Militarism influenced the population of different countries making the people act out in war. As well as nationalism in different countries making different believes in people and uniting Germany as a country, but each country wanting to be better and more superior than each