World War I changed the course of battle with the breakthrough of newly developed machines of war that not only altered the course of the war but how the future would be fought. The most revolutionary technological advancement that was developed during the war was the immensely armored and nearly indestructible tank. The tank became a significant factor which allowed various competitors to destroy each other at a rapid pace with its highly engineered skeletal structure and its ability to increase the armies mobility across the Western Front. The tank underwent continual improvement, and various models were developed such as, ‘Little Willie’ and ‘Big Willie’. Each newly engineered model was constructed in the hopes of becoming more effective and efficient and being able to withstand the constant bombardment from enemy lines.
The first use of poison gas was at the Second Battle of Ypres in April 1915. “At around 17.00 hours on the 22nd April, French sentries in Ypres noticed a yellow-green cloud moving towards them, ”(historylearningsite.co.uk) the gas was released from pressurized cylinders on the German front line between Steenstraat and Langemarck. The French having no knowledge of the German’s gas technology were ordered to the firing line of their trenches and when the gas hit the lines the effects were devastating and many of the soldiers not on the front lines turned fled from the gas. Ypres is an extreme example of the gasses use and the attack was only as devastating as it was because of the Ententes lack of knowledge of German
Machine guns were a major ingredient of World War one. They were one of the main killers in the war and accountable for thousands of deaths. They were what made no mans land so terrifying, as they could shoot hundreds of rounds in one minute, making it almost impossible to step out of a trench without getting shot down. Without machine guns it would have made it much easier to make progress in no mans land, but much more difficult to defend your side from the enemy. Soldiers didn’t make much progress when they went into no mans land on foot as they were completely exposed to guns and other weaponry.
In turn, the German forces captured two villages, abandoned weapons, and three miles of territory. The German Army launched another attack two days later on Canadian soldiers north of Ypres, which would be used by the Allies to create propaganda against the Central Powers. Subsequently, the Allies retaliated in a tic-for-tac manner by engaging in their own chemical offensives. In September 1915, “the British released a mixture of chlorine gas and smoke from artificial smoke candles over the German lines for about forty minutes before commencing an infantry assault.” Unfortunately for them, the wind blew the toxic gases back to their lines and inflicted more casualties than on the Germans. Following this, both sides did not hesitate to launch chemical attacks.
In 1939, The 2nd World War began when Adolf Hitler invaded Poland, The United Kingdom and France declared war. During the months of May and June 1940, an evacuation at Dunkirk, France occured with the British and French being evacuated to Britain. Afterwards, Hitler prepared for an invasion of the British Isles and first sought to eliminate the Royal Air Force’s power, this failed over a 3 month air war with the UK winning, there are many reasons about who won. Although the determination of the British allowed them to keep on fighting with the help of radar as well, the United Kingdom won the battle of Britain because of the role of British Aircraft technology. The British deployed the Supermarine Spitfire earlier in the war to deal with the
Once passing Belgium, they falsely assumed they were going to sweep in and destroy france in a single blow. Since the BEF (British Expeditionary Force) had shown up, that was made impossible. 10 days after Germany’s journey to Belgium, Russia had invaded Germany with her enormous army. This forced the Germans to dive the soldiers to both sides, This doomed Germany up until Russia had the revolution. So, although she could have won the war from the start, she lost in the Spring
There are a lot of reasons that caused Germany to lose the war. The first one was Hitler deciding to declare a war on the USA, on December 11, 1941 Germany declared war on the U.S, and this was 4 days after December 7, 1949 when the empire of Japan launched an attack on Pearl Harbor. The other reason was the Germans had the right technology but they used it incorrectly, the Germans were very advanced military technology with superior tanks and jet airplanes. However the quest for heavier tanks instead of focusing on the mass production of one tank left them with an array of tanks requiring lots of different things. Also they relied on forced labor so the quality control was a big
World War One had a devastating impact on Germany. Throughout World War One, the people of Germany had been led to believe by their government that they were winning the war. Government propaganda had been used to great effect. Only the military leaders like Ludendorff and Hindenburg knew the true state of Germany’s military dilemma which had become even more apparent when America had joined in the war in 1917. Germany itself was being starved of food and all goods as a result of the British Navy’s blockade of the northern ports.
Trench warfare could also impact a person’s mental stability and health as a result of witnessing heart-breaking scenes, mainly death. Trenches also limit your movement to a couple of meters for a long period of time (until a battle is won or lost), which could drive a soldier crazy. During World War I on the Western Front, opposing sides created intricate dugout systems protected by barbed wire to ultimately slow down the enemy. The land in-between the opposing sides is referred to as “no mans land”, due to its extreme vulnerability to artillery fire from both sides. The efficacy of trench warfare eventually ended as a result of the adoption and invention of the tank.
In World War I, countries used spy planes, but the technology did not end up being very useful. The war was fought mostly with boots on the ground and in the trenches instead of through the air. However, during World War II planes played a very important role in achieving military success. Planes were stronger and had many more uses during World War II than in the previous war. In World War I, warfare was dominated by hand to hand combat, and killing someone was much more personal.
The technological development of heavy artillery in World War 1 was the most significant and it has the largest impact on the present day. Firstly, the heavy artillery that was used in World War 1 helped change how wars were fought from then on. In World War 1, many European countries used cavalry and other uses of horses because of how wars were previously fought. However, approximately 8 million horses were killed due to the new technology that was used in World War 1. The efficiency of the heavy artillery and the craters that the shells formed made horses useless which led to horses not being used in more modern wars.
They used more advanced weapons than they used in Gallipoli such as gas, explosives, tanks and flamethrowers. The death toll on the Western Front was over 46,000 but the campaign was successful. Overall the price the ANZACs paid was not worth the
The defeat of the Germans by the Soviet forces was a major turning point in World War Two. Launching Operation Barbarossa is believed to be Hitler’s biggest mistake, since it placed Germany in a position where they would have to fight a two front war. Hitler had invested tremendous amounts of energy into a battle that could not be fought. He had failed to account for the conditions of the Russian winter that his troops would have to fight in, and the difficulties this would place for his operation. Hitler had many successes in acquiring land prior to this military operation against the Soviets, and upon losing this battle it resulted in a downward spiral of losses for the Germans.
Unfortunately, the German troops at Fromelles had predicted the battle and were well prepared, and outnumbered the British and Australian troops 3:1. Because of this, the Germans were able to prepare trenches and guns for the battle, and when the Australian and British divisions arrived they overpowered them with their machine guns. Some German trenches were captured Australian brigades, however, due to having so few men compared to the Germans, they were forced to
More recently developed nuclear weapons prove to not only be more violent than those used during the Dresden attack, but to also be more physically and psychologically destructive. Along with the initial effects of the weapon, which destroys both people and property, deadly radiation from the bomb causes lasting health issues for the survivors, such as leukemia and radiation poisoning (Schull). Furthermore, the evacuation and relocation of those who lost homes and jobs in the area of attack would not only be expensive, but would also have significant negative social repercussions - both of the loss of productivity of the workforce during this time, as well as on the mental health of those forced to abandon their homes and