Act Utilitarianism Essay

538 Words3 Pages

First and foremost, albeit the validity whether the case study is based on or correlating with a real world occurrence is unconfirmed, the assumption has to be made that in the world of the case study good and equally bad consequences occur attributed to the decisions made by the stakeholders. Consequently, by analyzing the behaviors of the stakeholders in the case study the logistically apt theory to apply is Act Utilitarianism. First thing to recognize, is that the composition of the Act Utilitarianism theory is derived from Utility Principle, or Great Happiness Principle. By definition from the Applied Ethics textbook it states that, “The right action in any situation is the one that tends to produce the greatest possible balance of happiness over unhappiness for the greatest possible number. Bearing this in mind, Act Utilitarianism from Jeremy Bentham, maintains that the right thing to do …show more content…

A total of six prerequisites are listed by Bentham which are the factors and variables mentioned above. The actual process of applying this theory is no small feat. It begins with the Identification of the ethical decision needed to be made. Once the ethical decision is determined, all of the potential actions or options leading to alternative outcomes must be listed. In order to determine the decision which will yield the highest net utility from said list of actions, the stakeholders or individuals with the potential to be affected by the optional responses must be listed. Finally, the numerical value for each option will represent the net utility of that particular option for the given individual. The scale will range from -10 to +10, equating to unhappiness to most happiness. Consequently, the data yield from the analysis of the theory thus far will reveal the option that must be selected to achieve the highest net

Open Document