This study examined the links between young adults’ traumatic experiences, types of aggression, attitude towards women and sexuality in young adults. It has been assumed that if an individual possesses negative attitude towards women; also has a permissive and instrumental sexual attitude and exhibits high physical aggression tendencies, then he/she might be a potent risk towards women in the society in the future.
Through this study, I tried to find whether one’s past traumatic experiences affect his/her attitude toward others in general and towards women in particular. If past traumatic experiences like enduring emotional neglect or abuse or even witnessing others undergo trauma impact the existing aggression levels and attitude towards women and sexual acts of young adults, it calls for examining such impact. Findings of studies in this direction may help us to identify such people and, therefore, appropriate measure would be taken.
Aggression, for any lay man, is basically angry or violent feelings or behaviour. In psychology, the term aggression refers to a range of behaviours that can result in both physical and psychological harm to oneself, other or objects in the environment. This type of social interaction centres on harming another person, either physically or mentally.
Baron & Byrne (2000) defined aggression as any form of …show more content…
According to Spence and Helmreich (1972) attitudes towards women include the expectations imposed on females that are focused on Vocational, Educational and Intellectual roles; Freedom & Independence; Dating; Courtship & Etiquette; Drinking, Swearing & Marital Relations and Obligation. The extreme ends of attitude towards women are conservative or traditional attitudes and liberal or feminist
He further argues that the violence and aggression associated
“What is the psychology behind violence and aggression” from Virginia Commonwealth University by Brian McNeill has come up with a conclusion on why
Violence. a behavior intended to hurt, damage, or kill someone or something. But, violence also involves physical force. The most serious crimes are felonies, which includes murder, robbery, burglary, and kidnapping, to name a few. I will be talking a about a shooting.
What if you were in a relationship that had been going great, nothing but happiness, your partner gets a little jealous of other people who have some interest in you and they have their own opinion on what they think you should be doing? That’s usually normal and it might be cute and reassuring that they care about you and they just want you to be theirs. But what happens when they want something from you that you don’t feel comfortable with and they have no other way to force you to do something as small as what they want you to wear or to make you go to a new step in your relationship that you don’t agree with and might not be ready for? They might go to the point where the only option to get what they want is to hurt you.
Introduction of Question 5: Emotion Emotion is often defined as a complex state of feeling that results in physical and psychological changes that influence thought and behavior, it involves mental arousal, expressive behaviors, and conscious experience (Meyers, 2004), and there is no consensus on a definition. Ekman (1999) classified that anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness and surprise are six basic emotions, and Fitness (2015) stated that all emotions are important and serve functions, and the degree that others will respond to our needs and the degree that we feel accountable for others’ needs will lead to greater emotional expression, feeling and expressing emotions to the relationship partner can strengthen relationships
SURVEY METHODOLOGY We conducted a study on the young adults of Youth Build Newark who are mainly of African American decent in order to ascertain the effect of their childhood exposure to violence and its impact to their mental state. A total of 26 participants were recruited for the survey but 24 finally participated (14males and 10 females) of age ranging between 16yrs and 24yrs. All participants have good command of English language and the survey issued in English. A two staged survey/questionnaire was given to participants.
Next, the behavior were women was also restricted. The actions and personality for women again related to conformity. Overall, the ideologies that specify how women must be reduce women to objects for men, lowering their status and limiting their lives, that listen to men. Furthermore, these ideologies were perpetuated through the 1960s
Moreover, violent is the act of one who has a habitual response pattern of reacting violently in specific conditions and shouldn’t simply consider the act of person acting on impulse. Generally the violent reactions effectively to receive positive and negative reinforcement by being violent to get what they wanted and avoided disagreeable situations. Toch (1969), Berkowitz (1970), and Zillman (1979, 1983) all recommend that many people become unable of considering the consequences of their violent acts when the moment experiencing the powerful emotional reactions. To the point of cognitive processing, high arousal inhibits were reason make they not think
In the article “ The Developmental Impact of Child Abuse on Adulthood: Implications for Counselors,” Adultspan Journal explains the multiple effects of child abuse. The authors April Sikes and Dancia Hays explain how child abuse has an extremely negative effect on children as they transition into adulthood. These effects can be physical, social, and even mental. Being treated badly as a child increases the risks in social development. Some examples of this are substance abuse, criminal behavior, violence, and risky sexual behavior.
Nature have mostly genetic influence, and nurture have mostly environmental influence, such as our tendency to imitate through observation. Both have contrasting influence on us when we are forming our behavior. Sometimes our aggressive behaviors happen under certain type of circumstance due to personal experience or other factors. There are no evidence to prove which plays a bigger role, but both plays a important role in terms of forming behavior related to violence and aggressive. I believe that nature and nurture works collaboratively in terms of forming our aggressive
The authors received, and analyzed data on 111 cases of female perpetrators, which was obtained from the women after they had been charged with sex offenses. Among the characteristics of the offenders under investigation, it appeared that offenders “emerged as intellectually low in the average functioning group, with a high prevalence of psychiatric or personality disorders, a high prevalence of neglect and (especially sexual) abuse” (Wijkman, Bijleveld, Hendriks, 2010). From the conducted study, it was also evident that the victims of the offenders were relatively young (median age 13) and mostly of the female sex. In 93% of the cases, the victim was either an own child, a relative’s child or an acquaintance. Often, the abuse was carried out with a male partner (Wijkman, Bijleveld, Hendriks,
The research was carried out to determine if victimization has any direct effect towards the behavior of the young people living in those areas. It came up with the results that any time there is victimization, the youths are expected to be more violent as a way of reacting to the victimization. The research is relevant because it involved the research on the group observed to be the most violent in the society. In relation to the study in this paper, it is important in determining the major causes of the violence among the
It is a state of nature that humans choose to fight and have the courage to kill those of the opposite opponents. There is always those who try to prohibit competiveness and discover more contemporary idea, with less socially harmful affects, to give those who are “biologically” aggressive an ability to express their nature of
In our recent history, feminism has become more prevalent in almost every aspect of our lives. One important thing to remember is that each sex has uniquely valuable traits to contribute to society (Maguire, 2014). However, overgeneralizations of these traits have driven a wedge between the different sexes and as a result, discrimination, injustice, and unfair stereotypes plague our society. Key terms discussed throughout each source include, but are not limited to, gender stereotypes, double standards, benevolent sexism, hostile sexism, gender disparities, and female/male injustice. Gender stereotypes encompass the generalizations placed on gender-specific traits.
In the article “Everyday Aggression Takes Many Forms” the researchers conducted an experiment to see how aggression affects people’s everyday lives. People from different age groups were used to answer many questions pertaining to aggression and conflict. This experiment talks about what aggression is, the types of aggression, and the people affected by aggression. The researchers started this experiment by explaining the meaning of aggression and how it is sometimes misunderstood with the word assertiveness.