TRA also states that people regularly consider the consequences of their behaviors before engaging these behaviors. There are three concepts of TRA: behavioral intention, attitude, and subjective norms. In this model, a behavioral intention serves as the person’s attitude towards the behavior and subjective norms. Subjective norms are the perceived expectations of the individuals such as significant others, family members, experts, and co-workers. Voluntary behavior is predicted by one’s attitude toward the behavior and what important people would think if the behavior was not performed.
It determines the Impacts of three factors, i.e. "Attitude", “subjective norms” and "perceived behavior control" on tend to behave (Riivari, 2005). In fact, attitude is the general feeling of people about the desirability or undesirability of a particular issue or behavior (Ajzen,
So people with non-limited theory are involved in more effective goal striving when facing a demanding previous day. These people show more optimism and self-efficacy so James (1907) idea holds that it’s the individual’s motivation level to invest resources that become responsible for fluctuations in energy levels. Nelissen, Vet and Zeelenberg (2011) studied the impact of anticipated emotions on striving for health goals and results supported the concept of Multiple goal pursuit model (Louro, Pieters and Zeelenberg 2007). They suggested that anticipated emotions affect the effort level based on the perceived distance from goal. Study focused on anticipated and experienced emotions and effort level fluctuations in weight loss striving process.
Experiments on social facilitation reveal that the presence of observers can arouse individuals, strengthening the most likely response and so boosting their performance on easy or well-learned tasks but hindering it on difficult or newly learned ones. When people pool their efforts toward a group goal, social loafing may occur as individuals exert less effort. When a group experience arouses people and makes them anonymous, they become less self-aware and self-restrained, a psychological state known as deindividuation. In social facilitation, the mere presence of others arouses us, improving our performance on easy or well-learned tasks but decreasing it on difficult ones. In social facilitation, it enhances performance on easy tasks and inhibits performance on difficult tasks.
It is seen there are external factors that can affect the control behavior. With this, the theory of reasoned action is viewed more appropriately to be known as the Theory of Planned Behavior. The theory of planned behavior is a theory which predicts deliberate action can occur. This deliberate action is based on the factors that influence an individual to act on any matter. Theory of Planned Behavior, the continuation of the Theory of Action is triggered by Ajzen and Fishbein (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980; Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975) also seeks to explain why an individual acts perform certain activities.
Three directions of reinforcement can be seen here. The first one, external reinforcement, refers to that, people regulate their behavior on the basis of consequences they have directly experienced. The second is vicarious reinforcement and occurs when a behavior is acquired by observation versus being acquired directly. Whereas, self-administered reinforcement, refers to people regulating their behavior on the basis or consequences that they created for themselves. (internet) In the early stages of learning it is desirable that reinforcement is continuous and immediate.
Rotter 's view was that behaviour was largely guided by "reinforcements" (rewards and punishments) and that through contingencies such as rewards and punishments, individuals come to hold beliefs about what causes their actions. These beliefs, in turn, guide what kinds of attitudes and behaviours people adopt. This understanding of Locus of Control is consistent ; A locus of control orientation is a belief about whether the outcomes of our actions are contingent on what we do (internal control orientation) or on events outside our personal control (external control orientation)." (Zimbardo, 1985, p.
If one part of a strand is affected then it can lead to other strands being affected. The most important part is the process of getting from point A, being unwell, to point B, being well. This shows the definition of health as a holistic wellness because you cannot reach point B for some strands but not all. Activity 2a-2f: 3. In your own words, name and explain 2 specific components of your physical health.
Negative thoughts bring negative consequences in life and that supposed to be taken seriously and do away with so as to have firm personal development foundation. Furthermore, time management in personal development is taken as a process on how to arrange time to complete certain activities. This can be done by planning time and also by organizing so that one can have smarter work and get more work done in a short period of time. The failure to time management causes stress and damages effectiveness of one’s potential. The improvement of one’s ability can be done when wisely managing of time and this lead to the highest achievers in personal development.
Based on studies, research, and personal accounts, it is proven that helping others through physical involvement boosts your health and happiness providing you with a sense of purpose or accomplishment in life. Contrastingly, there are those who believe helping others can be a burden to oneself. Those people would rather be involved in self-centered activities. While it is good to pursue activities to make you feel relaxed and/or satisfied, constantly pushing yourself away from opportunities to be with others