New York and Virginia, two major states with a massive impact, were hesitant to ratify. These states were filled with Anti-Federalist, who feared strong central government, as well as the president becoming dictator or king. In order to persuade the Anti-Federalists, Alexander Hamilton and John Jay created the Federalists Papers. Then finally, enough states had ratified for the Constitution to go in effect, although Virginia, New York, North Carolina, and Rhode Island had not yet ratified. The Anti-Federalists felt that the Constitution needed a Bill of Rights to protect personal freedoms.
Certain failures caused by no central leadership were: No independent judiciary, no foreign affairs head, and the inability to deal with internal and external threats. The Articles of Confederation were written hastily during a time of war. Having recently broken free from the British Empire, the writers feared having too strong of a central government. With that fear, the writers left out certain laws that needed to be established in order
Jefferson once again disproved of their ideas and by passing the sedition acts into law, an assault on the 10th amendment. Thomas Jefferson and James Madison wrote the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798 to protest against The Alien and Sedition Acts of 1798. They asked the people of the states to reject the national government because it was viewed as acting on implied powers, which were once again leading them back to a sovereign government. The foundations as well as principles that America was founded on were being disgracefully misconstrued. In the documents of the Virginia resolutions it they emphasis “as to destroy the meaning and effect of the particular enumeration which necessarily explains and limits the general phrases; and so as to consolidate the States, by degrees, into one sovereignty, the obvious tendency and inevitable consequence of which would be to
Since the United States was relatively a new nation, it needed some form of organization to hold the states together and keep its government and society stable to build a stronger economy (Knoedl, 2003). The first and foremost inherited weakness of the Articles came from the fact that it replaced sovereign power in the hands of the states. This started after the American Revolution, when the American people feared that the colonists would form a new government that could function similarly to King George III’s monarchy after having dealt with the British Crown for years. Since then these states would start creating their own set of rules and laws and because of some states, creating their own constitutions and each state can rule itself, it gave more power to them than the actual Federal Government.
Several years after the United States came to be, the Constitutional Convention met to determine how the new nation should govern itself. The delegates saw that it was crucial to have a president and vice president, but the delegates did not want these offices to reflect how the colonies were treated under the British rule. The delegates believed that the president’s power should be limited, and that he should be chosen through the system known as the Electoral College. The Electoral College is a body of people who represent the states of the US, who formally cast votes for the electing of the president and vice president. Many citizens feel that the Electoral College goes against our nation’s principle of representative democracy, while others
During the ratification debate, Anti-Federalists were opposed to the Constitution. They argued that the newer system threatened liberties of the people, and failed to protect individual rights of Americans on a general scale. The Anti-Federalists weren 't exactly a united group, but instead involved many elements. One faction of Anti-Federalists opposed the Constitution because they believed stronger government threatened the sovereignty of the states in their entirety; Others argued that centralized government would have identical characteristics of the monarchical properties of Great Britain which they fought to sever themselves from prior. While others feared that a new government threatened personal liberties.
From 1787-1790 the ratification of the American Constitution became fight between two different political methods of judgment. America 's best political personalities accumulated in Philadelphia to discuss shared opinion in a legislative structure. The Constitution itself did not say political groups, and it was expected that none was going to emerge. Be that as it may, this was soon demonstrated wrong when the level headed discussions between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists in 1787 and 1788 blend into a two gathering framework. This soon prompted a changeless component in American approaches.
The articles of confederation was written right after the revolutionary war was fought, however, the AOC failed, so they had to start all over with a new document called the constitution. 9 out of 13 colonies needed to ratify the new constitution for it to take effect. When it came to organize the government after the AOC, the people were divided on how the government should handle the fears of social, political, and economic fears which motivated the 2 parties, federalist and antifederalist. The federalists supported the new constitution, while the anti federalists were opposed. The political motivation for the federalists to support the ratification was they believed that a stronger government was necessary as the AOC had failed previously
After the American Revolution, the newly formed United States of America was substantially unstable as there was increasing economic and social unrest. The first written documents of constitutional authority were generally weak and ineffective. As a result, there was unrest among the colonists, and this created the urge for a newly reformed government system. The proclaimed Founding Fathers took action and put forward what they thought would be the best remedy to the new nation. Some call the Founding Fathers “democratic reformers”, however, this opinion is overall misguided and uninformed, as the Constitution and the actions taken by the Founding Fathers did not represent the majority of the people in the new nation.
Compromise was a huge part of America 's history and was extremely useful when it came to the “Articles of Confederation.” The government was starting to realize the articles weren 't strong enough any more and weren 't helping control the citizens. The government said they needed to be revised so Virginia and New Jersey both made an attempt at fixing them. The Virginia Plan was written May 29,1787 and the New Jersey Plan was written shortly after on June 15, 1787. Both plans were preposals for forms of government and both had many flaws.
The most heated arguments of Washington 's presidency revolved around the extent of presidential power. The first matter of debate centered around the president 's ability to remove as well as appoint appointees. The Congress was cautious and several members argued that while some powers could be securely entrusted to Washington, his predecessors might not be so honorable. James Madison, among others, disagreed. He reasoned that if the president did not have the power to remove appointees, without the consent of the Senate, they had the potential to serve for life, as the only other way of removing them was through the impeachment process.4
The constitution was signed and sent out to the states in 1787, but was not ratified until 1788. During this time in the states the constitution caused a great deal of controversy. While some, the Federalists, believed that a constitution is exactly what was needed, others, the Anti-Federalists, felt that a constitution severely needed a bill of rights. There are many reasons a bill of rights was included in the constitution. Although it was not in the first copy, it was promised to be in the next one if nine states would ratify it.
Believe it or not, the Constitution was not America 's first form of government. Our country started out with the Articles of Confederation, which were...shall we say... less than perfect. They gave the states much more power than the central government, due to a pervasive fear of strong central governments. This fear stemmed from the reign of the tyrannical King George III, and the founding fathers did not want to give their country the ability to establish another monarchy. In the Articles of Confederation, the central government had no power to tax, regulate trade or commerce, enforce laws, settle disputes between states.
There are pros and cons about people disagreeing. For instance, the Federalists and the Anti- Federalists both had some of the similar political thoughts as well as some political thoughts that they did not agree with one another. Though, both of the parties had different outlooks on what they thought, they would eventually come together and decided what is better for everyone as a nation. After the constitution was created in 1787, members of the Anti- Federalists believed that they could not ratify the constitution.