Although all the colonists all came from England, the community development, purpose, and societal make-up caused a distinct difference between two distinct societies in New England and the Chesapeake region. The distinctions were obvious, whether it be the volume of religious drive, the need or lack of community, families versus single settlers, the decision on minimal wage, whether or not articles of agreements were drawn for and titles as well as other social matters were drawn, as well as where loyalties lay in leaders. New England was, overall, more religious than the Chesapeake region. Settlers in New England were searching relief for religious persecution in Europe. Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics were coming in droves to America searching for an opportunity to have religious freedom.
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut composed the New England colonies. Religion was a primary motive for English settlements in New England and a big part of their routine. The men and women who migrated there were mostly Puritans who were looking for a hafe heaven to practice their own religion and separate from the Church of England. These were mainly families, including children, who lived in small houses, had strong ties to their new church, and worked in diverse industries including farming, fishing, lumber, and others (Lecture notes, chapter 4). British setlements to the Southern colonies of Virginia, Georgia, and the Carolinas had economic motives with cash crops as the main source of farming based economy.
The main focus of the people of New England whilst settling was to form a community and society that would prosper and last. In the 1630 document titled “A Model of Christian Charity”, John Winthrop wrote about the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and some of the rules and principles that the citizens there would abide by. For example, Winthrop stated, “…We must be knit together in this work as one man… We must consider that we shall be us a city upon a hill”. He is referring to how the people of Jamestown would work together as one and form a community of such prestige that other colonies will look up to it, as if it was placed on top of a hill for all of the world to shadow after.
Pilgrims and puritans began a journey to a new land in search for religious freedom, and a fresh start to a brighter future. Both searched for a change to colonize their families, spread and develop their own beliefs of worship, and create a foundation to combine the wealth of opportunity and worship together without the strong influence of England. The geographical change would be the first challenge for the pilgrims and puritans. England held both parties until word of opportunity began to spread like wildfire.
Elena Contreras Mrs. Polatty AP US. History/4B 20 September 2016 DBQ #1 WC: Scattered across the timeline of the period that includes the 17th and 18th centuries, the English colonies managed to construct an uncommon government system filled with revolutionary ideas that only pertained to their specific group. They created a unique government that permitted each individual person to have a say in the decisions about the country. The whole general idea of political rights created a well-known status that was unique to America alone.
New England Colony: How it Divided North and South Great Britain already had established themselves in Virginia and started to expand up north and south (until they reached Spanish Florida). New England was different from any other colony within the New World. The colony was respectful of peoples’ religions from Catholics to Protestants. Women in New England had more rights—right to own property, right to own money, i.e—than in any European country and especially the southern colonies. The religious tolerance and gaining women some of the rights were important to the early developments of the North vs. the South.
The British colonies in the Chesapeake region and those of the New England region were both similar yet different in certain ways. One because both the colonist that settled there were looking for new opportunities. However, it was mostly second son aristocrats, which means the first born usually inherits the better half of the father’s riches. Their lives in England had either been mistreated or they were unable to flourish economically. Regardless of whether they were searching the land for expansive homesteads, religious freedom, or exchanging and merchant opportunities, the colonist in both regions were searching for another land in the New World.
Most of the colonies in America were settled by the English, which makes them similar in many designs. However, there are a few aspects that differentiate between colonies, such as in the Chesapeake and New England regions. Reasons for settlement, religions, and geography all played an important role in the development of colonies in these regions. These conditions were natural and mostly subject to circumstances and conditions that were unchangeable. Nonetheless, no matter the modest causes, the effects were very substantial in helping to develop the uniqueness of each region.
John Winthrop: A Puritan Leader who became the first Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony. From January 12, 1587/8 - March 2, 1649, John Winthrop led a group of English Puritans to the new world, joined the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1629 and became their Governor on April 8, 1630. He was the major backbone in molding the Colony’s government, also shaping its Legislative policy. Roger Williams: This man typically brought religious and political liberty to Rhode Island, (1603-1683). He acknowledged that, the civil government should punish whoever breaks the law, or poses harm or threat to the community.
In the mercantilist system, American colonies were expected to help the crown achieve a favorable balance of trade, favorable specie inflow, economic self-sufficiency and an export surplus. Colonies were expected to supply products which would otherwise have to be obtained from non-imperial sources, generate exports by the production and sale of products in high demand outside the empire, and provide a market for the mother country's exports. The mother country would provide the colonies with centralized governmental control of the economy, as well as naval and military protection.
The relationships between the colonists and the British crown changed for the worse over the course of 1607 to 1763. After the Seven Year’s War was fought by colonists and won, colonists felt more as Englishmen than ever before. To understand this shift of view from patriotic to bitter relationship, we have to view the relationship from the point of a Pennsylvania farmer. Starting as a paternal and understanding relationship between the crown and the colonists, both the colonists and the crown helped turn the new world into a thriving economic center. After the British Civil War, Enlightenment thinkers started to gain movement throughout Europe, while at the same time tensions were rising for the colonists.
Diversity is based on population, climate, economics, social structure, religion, government, and the composition of the residents. In the New World there were three regions, New England, the middle colonies, and the southern colonies. New England included the states of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. The middle colonies were made up of New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware. The southern colonies included Maryland, New Mexico, Florida, the Carolinas, and Georgia.