Life in Colonial America was different for all those involved, which were the settlers of Jamestown, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay colony.. Jamestown, Plymouth, and Massachusetts Bay had similarities and differences. They each had their own unique leaders, form of government, economics, and ways of life, although all the settlers in these colonies had a deep dependence on God. Jamestown was the first permanent settlement in North America, founded in 1607. The leader was John Smith. He described the things he saw and experienced, and drew maps of the land. John Smith’s writing style was straightforward and unemotional, as demonstrated in A General History. Jamestown had a governing council, and the governor was appointed by the king. John …show more content…
Plymouth was founded in 1620, and led by William Bradford. William Bradford’s writing style was simple, and described the suffering and triumphs of the Pilgrims, as shown in his book, Of Plymouth Plantation. The Pilgrims created the Mayflower Compact, which was signed by all the male Pilgrims, in which they agreed to surrender their individual rights for the good of the community, and promised to obey rules and laws passed by elected representatives. This became the basis for the U.S. Constitution.The pilgrims depended on the Bible for setting up the government (31), based on Levitical Law. William Braford was governor from 1622-1656, except for five years. The economy of Plymouth was primarily agricultural. Massachusetts Bay was made up of Puritans, and led by John Winthrop. John Winthrop was trained as a lawyer, so his writing style was straightforward, and he recorded events in their entirety with great accuracy. The economy was based on fur trading, fishing, and shipbuilding. The colony was a theocracy, which means that the Bible was the basis for laws, and God was the ruler of the colony, and based on Levitical laws. The Bible was a basis for decisions, including setting prices. Robert Keen was an example of someone who happened to disobey these laws, because he was fined for overpricing goods (38). The economy was based on fur traders, fishermen, and
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Although they have numerous differences their characteristics resulted from one important factor, which is, the reason the settlers came to the New World. This had an impact on the settlement, economically, socially, and politically. Settlements in the Chesapeake region included Maryland, Virginia, Pennsylvania and the New Jerseys. The first English colony, Jamestown,
Jamestown and Plymouth were the first two successful English on the north side. In this essay will be talking about Jamestown and Plymouth, the ones that made history. That’s why we are talking about them right now or any day. Jamestown was established in 1607 and Plymouth in 1620. These two colonies were different, yet had a number striking similarities in government's, reasons for settlements, and differing economic activities.
Bradford was one of the Mayflower passengers to sign the Mayflower compact upon arriving in Massachusetts in 1920. Serving as governor 31 times, he helped Massachusetts draft its legal code and facilitated a community centered on private agriculture and religious tolerance. Under his guidance Plymouth never became a Bible commonwealth like all its other larger and more influential neighbors In 1627 he and four others assumed the colony’s debt to the merchant adventurers who
Jamestown and Plymouth were the first English colonies in America. Both settlements faced harsh conditions which included weather, starvation and disease. In addition, both colonies struggled in creating a stable society, economy and government. The location of these two colonies was also a determining factor in their survival. Both colonists settled in modern day America for different reasons but were driven by the same ambitions for a new life that would determine how long the colony would last.
From the years 1607 to 1700, religion impacted the development of the New England, Mid-Atlantic, and Chesapeake colonies by shaping legislation, populations, and culture. The Plymouth colony was founded on the basis of Separatists, or those who wanted to separate from the Church of England. This group created the Mayflower compact, an agreement between male settlers to follow what the majority dictated. The compact was signed in order to keep civil order within the colony. This was the first step toward self government, and was used as a basis for other constitutions.
The writers' personal details, in combination with images and dialogue, give the most accurate picture of this historical time period that continues to shape America's future. William Bradford was instrumental in the founding of Plymouth Plantation, and attributes all of the colony's successes to God's intervention. Images that provide background as to what hardships
The New Englanders took religion seriously, making unitary laws according to Puritan standards. John Winthrop, later chosen as the first Massachusetts Bay Colony governor, was seeking religious freedom. Wishing to inspire the colonists to dwell in brotherly unity, he summoned them together to remind them “that if we [colonists] shall deal falsely with our God in this work we have undertaken, and so cause Him to withdraw His present help from us, we shall be made a story and a by-word through the world.” On the other hand, those in the Chesapeake region came for the wealth that America promised. They were there to become prosperous or die trying.
Jamestown colony and Plymouth colony have are two similar colonies but at the same time are so very different. One similarity is that each colony had a large number of deaths after winter. One difference is that Plymouth colony had a good relationship with the Native Americans and Jamestown didn't have a good relationships with them. A second difference is that the two colonies came for different reasons.
Description The Jamestown settlement in the Colony of Virginia was the first permanent English settlement in the Americas. William Kelso says Jamestown "is where the British Empire began ... this was the first colony in the British Empire."[2 ] Established by the Virginia Company of London as "James Fort" on May 4, 1607 (O.S., May 14, 1607 N.S.), and considered permanent after brief abandonment in 1610, it followed several earlier failed attempts, including the Lost Colony of Roanoke. Jamestown served as the capital of the colony for 83 years, from 1616 until 1699.
The two colonies differed politically. “God Almighty in his most holy and wise providence hath so disposed of the condition of mankind, [that]in all times some must be rich, some poor, some high and eminent in power and dignity, other mean and in subjection” (Doc. A).The New England colony was a representative democracy; they held town meetings. It placed emphasize on having poor and rich families because of the importance of an equal society with representation from all sectors of life. “We intend by God's grace, as soon as we can, with all convenient speed, to procure some Godly and faithful minister with whom we purpose to join in church covenant to walk in all the ways of Christ” (Doc. D).
Beginning a life in the New World was a difficult and extended process. Many colonists made attempts to settle here, which failed for different reasons. There are two colonies that beat the odds and overcame their challenges. These colonies were called Jamestown and Plymouth. By using different methods and skills, they created new land for the people of Europe.
Church attendance was mandatory, and people were forced to be Puritan. There was zero religious tolerance in the community. Political System: Massachusetts originally had a governing body called the General Court which was assembled by the original joint-stock company. This was eventually altered into a legislature for the established colony and gradually became a 2 house legislature. Voters were adult male church going property owners within the
The Puritans created the Massachusetts Bay colony in the 1620s because they wanted to establish a christian utopia in the New World, free from persecution(Doc A). While the colonists ultimately failed this goal, they still left their mark on New England society, as seen in Document E. In this Document, the Puritans are calling for the regulation of wages in Connecticut . This is because they were against excess, and believed everything should be in moderation. The idea of regulating wages so that they weren’t too big would have been ludicrous to the Virginians.
Evidence shows that the Puritans had politically influenced their colonies with their religious values. In the New World, a group of Puritans established the Massachusetts Bay Colony. There, the Puritans would create a government that would revolve around their covenant with God. On the way to the New World, John Winthrop, governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, led a sermon, titled “A Model of Christian Charity”, about Puritan ideals (Winthrop). As well as determining Puritan ideals, the sermon urges colonists to unite as a “city on a hill” for others to look up to (Winthrop).