(Tames, 1997) Job vacancies increased dramatically, women even began fighting in the war along-side men as organisations opened. Women were able to work independently and became free of their responsibilities they were born to have as decided by their community. The maths adds up to out of the 1 million Australian’s who served in the war, 7 per-cent of them were women (Prezi, 2015). By 1939, many young girls found employment in domestic services and between wars in 1928 a law was passed which stated that any person over the age of 21 could vote; male and female.
At that time, they took on roles such as nurses, seamstresses, and cooks. Some women worked as spies while others disguised themselves as men in order to serve in the fight. Over the years, women contributed as well as adapted to the many changes that took place in America and remained willing to take on new roles that helped make this country what it is today. Women began to serve officially in the military when the Army established a permanent Nurse Corps in 1901 (Women In Combat: Framing the Issues).
The military is the place of combat and strength. It consists of men and now, even women, that fight to protect our loving country. As we go through our history, we can find that there are a few women that have braved the front lines as doctors, nurses, and even soldiers themselves, and now, the Pentagon has opened the window of about 220,000 military jobs to women. Theses previous women not only aided the soldiers, they were under the danger of being killed by stray bullets. If other women have followed their dreams, why can’t we?
The needs of the armed forces, the war economy and the deployment of men overseas created new jobs and opportunities for women. Before World War 2, they were not permitted to enlist in the military services, most of them were working in factories, shops or family businesses. From late 1940, Australian women were permitted and encouraged to enlist in the military services. Australian Women’s Army Service (A.W.A.S.) established the Women’s Auxiliary Australian Air Force, Army and Navy forces. Lorna Byrne who used to be a member of the Australian Women’s Army Services (A.W.A.S.) said that women lived and worked under the same conditions as men.
The Great War was a horrible catastrophe which led many men and women to sacrifice their lives. It was described as “the war to end all wars”, which was a global disaster and many troops were excited to join the war and fight for their country. The Great War originated in Europe and lasted from July 28, 1914 to November 11, 1918. In this time Canadian women contributed enormously. They donated their own time to the production of munitions, as nurses on the front lines, fundraised for the war effort, and maintained their homes and farms.
When the war broke out, women put their campaigns to get the vote on hold and focused on contributing to the war effort. Many women joined the Ministry of Munitions in 1915 to help to make ammunition for the soldiers at war. By the end of the war, there were over 30,000 munitionettes completing this dangerous job for low pay to demonstrate that they were willing to risk their lives to gain the vote. Over 90,000 women also joined the Voluntary Aid Detachment (VAD) to look after injured soldiers. An example of a member of the VAD was Elsie Inglis.
During World War I, nurses were recruited from both those already in the nursing profession as well as civilian workers and served as an essential part of the Imperial Forces. Many women volunteered to join the VAD 's (Voluntary Aid Detachment), ANC (Army Nurse Corps), and FANY 's (First Aid Nursing Yeomanry). War service was hard, uncomfortable and often tragic. Overseas the nurses faced severe weather and shortages of basic resources, long hours at work and little time for breaks. These women proved their ability to undergo physical hardships equal to those endured by fighting men and withstand the pressures of combat situations.
They served in a range of different countries including Britain, India, France, Belgium, the Mediterranean and the Middle East. Women serving as nurses were often motivated by “a sense of duty, a close connection to loved ones, serving overseas or a desire to have an adventure”. (Great War Nurses, n.d.) Women’s roles as nurses during World War One were highly significant as they helped the wounded and sick. Although they were so important they did not have the amount of appreciation than the soldiers did fighting.
Roles of women consisted of nursing and special operations personnel. During World War I is when women were finally able to join the military. More than 33, 000 women served as nurses and special staff during that time. Only 400 lost their lives in the line of duty. Even though women were given these roles they still wanted to contribute to the fight despite the exclusionary rule and policies.
When World War 1 started and the demand for mobilization of entire nations when millions of men were sent into the military it created a needed labor workers, it was filled by women. A very significant number of women started work, but the most important impact of the war on women’s employment wasn’t just about in how they did the job, it was about women were able to get into jobs That was previously out of reach for woman, for example heavy industry, munitions, and police work. More than 25,000 US women who served in Europe in World War I. They went to helped as nurse the wounded, provide food and other supplies to the military, serve as telephone operators, entertain troops, and work as journalists.
The lives of women were effected in two major ways during wartime. The first and most obvious effect that war had on women, is not having a husband at home to take care of the task conceptualized as a “man’s job,” which forced women into new roles. Secondly, women gained a temporary political voice. These two major effects each had their own long term consequences that varied based on which war was being fought. During the War for Independence women filled the roles of men and ran the households, kept shops open, worked for wages to support the family, and other “manly task.”
The first women in Australian that were able to vote were in South Australia, in 1895 , and quickly, other states and territories followed. This leap in women’s rights changed Australia into a nation of equality, and moved the nation into the next stage of cultural independence. Vida Goldstein was a Victorian citizen who followed in her mother’s footsteps in becoming a social reformer and a suffragist. She was firmly encouraged by her parents to become educated and independent, and this led her to become the leader in Victoria for women’s equality. She was an excellent public speaker, and this enabled her to grasp her audience and effect and change their opinions on women’s equality.
The second World War resulted in a demand for workers after men began leaving for the war. Due to a lot of the working men in America going overseas as well as the demand for war products, women became a major source of labor. Propaganda began to address women, persuading them that it was their duty to start working for the men. The film The Life and Times of Rosie the Riveter gives personal accounts of some of the hardships women faced in the era surrounding WWII, and how the media was used to create a desire for women to work.
The fight against women’s oppression has gone through many challenges throughout the decades, one of the most iconic changes being the flapper era. Flappers are well known for embracing their new freedoms such as; drinking, smoking, dancing, being more sexually promiscuous, and not adhering to the expectations that their previous feminist mothers had recently laid just a decade earlier. As flappers gained and used these new freedoms and advancements, many of their conservative elders started to worry about the implications of their new carefree actions. To deal with the flapper's new behavior, the elders began describing flappers as a phase in life that was okay for young adults to go through , while still expecting them to settle down and become a wife and care for the home later in life.
Women in early mid-1800s started to fight for equal rights more than ever. Since American males have been granted more rights since the American independence, women started to question the reasons behind why they are not getting the same rights as men. This started a generations of women fighting for their equal rights. From the arguments presented by first wave feminists for women’s right and the evidence against inclusion by their detractors, the first wave feminists for women’s right had a better convincing argument because they did not over exaggerate their arguments and evidence to the arguments that they made.