Consequently, this argument cannot possibly tell us about God’s moral nature. So, the argument for empirical theism cannot possibly work and thus, have a weakness. Nagel lays out proofs and arguments based on the relationship between God and evil, but he finds the flaws and concludes that not one argument is powerful enough to convince everyone to accept it. So, he is left with the disbelief it is conceivable to accommodate omnipotence and omnibenevolence of God with the unvarnished facts of human existence. Swinburne retaliates Nagel’s assertion that the problem of evil could not be resolved.
When discussing the philosophy of God’s plausible existence, several well composed arguments are presented, from Anselm’s Ontological Argument based the definition of God, to the Teleolgical argument grounded in the idea that a complex creation demands an intelligent creator; additionally, many debate that there is no need for a rational explanation as we are required in the nature of belief to take ‘leap of a faith’ regarding the existence of God. While each side offers valuable insight into this dilemma, I would argue that neither fully proves the existence of an all-knowing, all-powerful and all-good God. However, as I will discuss in the rest of the paper, the Teleolgical Argument and Kierkengaard’s faith eliminates dread argument when combined can reasonably provide evidence for the existence of God. Out of the five major opinions for God existence in regards to reason, the Teleolgical argument does the best job of not just proving a God exists but
Denial of Faith Marlowe’s Faustus is the epitome of the backsliding Christian, except there’s no hope for reconciliation in Faustus’ story. His quest for knowledge, supposed to be full of fruitful deeds and mighty conquests, becomes one filled with foolish pranks and blasphemous actions. His knowledge in divinity does not seem to help him choose rationally between eternal damnation and salvation, nor does it sway him to deny Lucifer. Though Faustus shows us that he has knowledge of divinity and religious values, his ultimate condemnation to hell comes from his selfish desires and repudiation of Christian beliefs. Therefore, Faustus proves that not trusting in and straying away from God can corrupt the mind and behavior, which influences Christians to take up sinful ways.
We can stop to think about what we can physically do as humans and consider that God made us from dirt to believe there is a God. This idea in regards to the proof that there is a God who he created us. One could say it is our human nature to wrestle with the fact that God does not exist or not because it is who we are as humans to think that God does not exist. There are great philosophers such as Aristotle and Agustin who try their hardest to prove that God does not exist. Subsequently, on the Big Bang theory, some people who were genuinely disturbed, such as Einstein, who wrote privately, "This circumstance of an expanding universe irritates me…To admit such possibilities seems senseless."
In his works Ethics I and Theological-Political Treatise, Spinoza shares his views on superstition and its role in human life and the Judeo-Christian religion. He defines it as a result of fear and anxiety mixed with gullibility, doubt, ignorance, and confusion. To start off, when things are going well, people believe that they have everything under control. However, once things start going downhill, their desperation gets the best of them and they seek the closest thing to depend on for reassurance. The superstitious are doubtful and skeptical in thinking that it is not their place to explain or influence the world.
With regards to the cosmological argument I am of the belief that Article Three of Question Two entitled “Whether God exists?” best summaries Aquinas’ opinions. Aquinas first outlines two objections of those who argue that God does not exist may raise. The first objection outlines that if God is an “infinite goodness” then there would be no evil, however evil is present in the world so God does not exist. I agree that this is a fair criticism because God is hailed as omnipotent and omnipresent, yet evil often prevails in the world. Despite this I feel the fact that Aquinas acknowledges this objection strengthens his later argument when he outlines “The Five Ways.” The second objection outlines there is no need to believe in a God because “the world can be accounted for by other principles.” The objection raises that everything can be explained by two basic principles,
In an unenlightened state, this is a comment how far and how bad conditions can get when people fail to question traditional practices. Kant places “the main point of enlightenment… chiefly in matters of religion because our rulers have no interest in playing guardian with respect to the arts and sciences” (109). Kant explains that religion is one of the greatest threats to enlightenment because, unlike other fields, there is significant incentive to spread the way of a certain religion. The unchecked power of the church and of religious members is one of the results of this, as seen in Candide. Kant goes on to write that “religious incompetence is not only the most harmful but also the most degrading of all” (109).
The Evil Demon can alter thoughts to the point where even they cannot be relied upon (Cahn 535). To Descartes, this is the strongest argument for skepticism. For this reason, from now on, I will focus on how the Cogito relates to this skeptical argument. Descartes needs a foundation to progress his argument in the rest of the Meditations in order to prove the existence of God, and of Body. From now on, we will assume that Descartes successful proved that our senses, our body, and anything that we believe to be true is not reliable.
Freud’s perspective is people projecting father figure on the “God”. Obviously his theory seems constructed specifically to account for those theistic religion, the nontheistic religion does not suitable for
She even wonders if God is just a powerless creator who has no power to save those who suffer from atrocities. According to Dillard, “If he abandoned us, slashing creation loose at its base from any roots in the real; and if we in turn abandon everything-all these illusions of time and space and lives-in order to love only the real: the where are we?” (24). Occasion The larger occasion is in a world where tumults, chaos, riots, accidents, and incorrigibly miserable fate happen to people that are innocent and faithful to God. According to Dillard, “Of faith I have nothing, only if truth: that this one God is