Dr. Axlines’s style is formal and each chapter describes the play therapy session or event. The book reflects the activities of Dibs captured by Dr. Axline and how she was engaged with Dibs and her subject matter. The basic theme outlined by Dr. Axline is how play therapy can help a child psychologist to help the child who has been in isolation lead to his self-discovery. The book holds that through self-knowledge one gains valuable life experience and grows as a complete new human being. The book is important because of its contribution to play therapy.
is president of the Love and Logic, Inc. He is a specialist in child, adolescent, and family psychotherapy, assessment of child and adolescent learning, emotional, and behavioral problems, classroom management techniques for extremely disturbed and disruptive children, and adolescents, consultation strategies for teacher and school improvement, and parent training methods and family therapy. Providing these strategies and solutions came from years of research and clinical experience in psychiatric hospitals, public and private school, and homes. Dr. Fay’s interest in this field came from years of early childhood exposure to experts in the field as a result of participation in training with his father, Jim Fay. ("Charles Fay, Ph.D.
Cognitive Development can be explained as the emergence of thought processes beginning from infancy to childhood to adolescence to adulthood. The aim of this essay is to focus on Piaget and Vygotsky’s theories of cognitive development. Jean Piaget is a Swiss developmental psychologist who is known for his epistemological studies. On the other hand, Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky, a Soviet psychologist best known for his theory known as the Cultural-Historical theory. Both Vygotsky and Piaget were particularly interested in Cognitive Development in children.
Piaget and his wife had three children, and Piaget carried out most of his studies on his children as they grew up. Piaget’s interest in psychology led to his close study of the psychology and development of children. This interest prompted him to come up with a set of stages of cognitive development in children, and to create theories such as constructivism, open ended activities, and schemata. Piaget’s ‘Stages of Cognitive Development’ consisted of four stages: the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operational stage. These stages basically just
These two learning events, which are prominent events within my first year of studying OT, include the OT June exam and making a chair in APT (Appropriate Paper-based Technology) for a child with Cerebal Paulsy and Microcephaly. To look into these two significant learning events in more detail, one must understand the theory behind occupational therapy, and in order to do this, a few terms and concepts need to be defined and discussed. According to the American Occupational Therapy Association, AOTA in 2008 and the World Federation of Occupational Therapists, WFOT in 2010, “occupational therapy is the art and science of helping people do the day-to-day activities that are important and meaningful for their health and
Key Person in Lifespan Development: Erik Erikson Erik Erikson was a fundamental person who expressed his ideas of lifespan development occurring from birth to death. Erik Erikson, the son of Karla Abrahamen and a father whose name remain unknown (Psyography: Biographies on Psychologists, n.d.) studied at various schools studying arts and language. He became the first child analysts during his attendance at Harvard Medical School. (Sharkey, 1997). Also, he was employed in various educational schools.
HighScope Research Paper Introduction HighScope is an Early Childhood Curriculum that believes children and adults learn best by experiencing direct, hands-on interaction with people, materials, events, and ideas (HighScope, n.d, n.p.). This is a principle that has been research for many decades and is the foundation of teaching and learning of HighScope’s approach (HighScope, n.d, n.p.). This paper is going to explain on the history, curriculum, parent involvement, teacher and child roles, and unique characteristics of the HighScope model. History In 1970 Dr. David P. Weikart established the HighScope preschool model. The purpose of this organization was to continue a project he embarked with Ypsilanti Public Schools involving research
Jean Piaget began to study children in 1920. He became fascinated how children gave wrong answers on questions that require logical thinking. Piaget reported how the wrong answers show the differences on how adults think than how children think. Piaget’s theory states that children go through four stages of cognitive development as they actively construct their understanding of the world (Santrock, 2014, p.21). As a person progresses through life from childhood to adulthood, to which they take observations and experiences is the basic theory of cognitive development.
Stage four- Formal operations: from ages 11/12 upwards. The child can think logically about potential events or complex ideas. Jean Piaget was a huge contributor to psychology because he came up with a theory on how children develop intellectually throughout the course of childhood. A example of cognitive would be the study of the mind and the way that we
It is an extensive theory about the growth and development of human intelligence. He believed that ones childhood plays an important and progressive role in a person’s development. He also suggested that children go through four stages of cognitive development, first the sensori-motor stage; this is characterized by the children differencing themselves from objects, mostly seen from birth to two years of age. Secondly is the pre-operational stage; this is characterized by the ability to use language and to represent objects by either pictures or words, these are features of children of ages two to seven. Thirdly is the concrete operational stage; characterized by logically being able to think about objects and events, mostly seen at the ages of seven to eleven and lastly the formal operational stage, seen at eleven years and above and characterized by the