Development Theory: Piaget's Theory Of Cognitive Development

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Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development Cognition is a process where different aspects of the mind are working together that lead to knowledge. Piaget’s cognitive development theory is based on stages that children go through as they grow that lead them to actively learn new information. Cognitive change occurs with schemes that children and adults go through to make sense of what is happening around them. The change that occurs is activity based when the child is young and later in life correlates to mental thinking. Piaget’s stages of cognitive development start from birth to adulthood and it begins with the sensorimotor stage, a child from birth to the age of 2 years old learns and thinks by doing and figuring out how something works.…show more content…
Using their motor skills, infants began to use circular reaction when they discover something like a noise they can make with their body. They begin to practice that same noise or discover new ones and later they begin to us circular reaction with manipulatives as they get older (Berk, 2005, p.228). Sensorimotor has stages from birth to the age of 2 and the first stage is reflexive schemes when infants are newborns to one month old. In this stage, infants are using their reflexes and discovering new things. From one to four months old, infants are using primary circular reactions where they are using simple motor skills that they create with their body. Secondary circular reaction stage happens at around four to eight months of age and infants begin to repeat noises that they have discovered. Coordination of secondary circular reactions occurs from eight to twelve months; this is when infants can find something that has been hidden in one place and when they begin to copy everything they see and hear. At ages twelve to eighteen months, toddlers begin to find a hidden object in different places and can imitate more things that they see and hear around them with more accuracy using the tertiary circular reaction stage. Mental representations are the last stage of sensorimotor at eighteen months to two years of age, in this stage, they begin to use…show more content…
He has been advanced in the timing that Piaget has created, but it is good to know how infants learn through stages and that they are all individuals and learn at their own pace. Piaget has done something great by discovering these stages of cognitive development that can almost give parents and educators a map of what is happening in a child’s mind as they are growing up. In the video, Inside a Child’s Brain by David Eagleman (2015) it talks about how you become who you are by what is removed from the brain, after the age of 2 the neurons in the brain slow down. The links that you do not use in those first years of age in your brain you lose as you grow (The Brain). The video shows how important the first two years of age are in a child’s life while the sensorimotor stage is

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